CNN-National & Wolrd

Paul Wolfowitz Fast Facts

CNN Editorial Research

Here’s a look at the life of Paul Wolfowitz, former US deputy secretary of defense and former president of the World Bank.


Birth date: December 22, 1943

Birth place: New York, New York

Birth name: Paul Dundes Wolfowitz

Father: Jacob Wolfowitz, a statistician and professor of mathematics

Mother: Lillian (Dundes) Wolfowitz

Marriage: Clare Selgin (1968-2002, divorced)

Children: Sara Elizabeth; David Samuel; Rachel Dahlia

Education: Cornell University, A.B. in Math, 1965; University of Chicago, M.A. in Political Science, 1967; University of Chicago, Ph.D. in Political Science, 1972

Other Facts

Considered one of the principal architects of the Iraq War.


1973-1977 – Works at the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency in various positions.

1977-1980 – Deputy assistant secretary of defense for regional programs under President Jimmy Carter.

1981-1982 – Head of the policy planning staff at the State Department.

1983-1986 – Assistant secretary of state for East Asian and Pacific affairs.

1986-1989 – US ambassador to Indonesia.

1989-1993 – Under secretary of defense for policy for the George H. W. Bush administration.

1994-2001 – Dean and professor of International Relations at the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies at Johns Hopkins University.

1996 – Foreign policy strategist in Bob Dole‘s presidential campaign.

2001-2005 – Deputy secretary of defense of the United States.

July 16, 2004 – Wolfowitz is asked about being an architect of Iraq policy during an Aspen Institute speaking engagement. He answers, “I don’t know about the architect label. I certainly will accept responsibility for supporting the decision.”

August 2004Reports of Wolfowitz’s romantic involvement with a World Bank employee, Shaha Riza, surface.

March 16, 2005 – Nominated by President George W. Bush to head the World Bank.

March 31, 2005 – Is unanimously approved as the 10th president of the World Bank.

March 31, 2005-June 30, 2007 – President of the World Bank.

April 2007 – Reports surface that in 2005, Wolfowitz arranged for Riza to take a new job at the State Department to avoid a conflict of interest. Her new job reportedly paid a salary of almost $194,000 a year, tax-free.

June 30, 2007 – Steps down as president of the World Bank.

July 2, 2007 Joins American Enterprise Institute, a think tank, as a visiting scholar.

January 2008-September 2009 – Chairman of the secretary of state’s International Security Advisory Board, a panel on arms control and disarmament.

2008-2018 – Chairman of the US-Taiwan Business Council.

March 17, 2013 – In a Sunday Times interview, Wolfowitz says that he was not the main architect of the Iraq War. He has been referred to as an architect of the Iraq War or Iraq policy in Congressional hearings and in the press as early as 2002. In the interview, he also concedes that there “should have been Iraqi leadership from the beginning.”

CNN-National & Wolrd

Laura Bush Fast Facts

CNN Editorial Research

Here is a look at the life of Laura Bush, wife of former US President George W. Bush.


Birth date: November 4, 1946

Birth place: Midland, Texas

Birth name: Laura Lane Welch

Father: Harold Welch, real-estate developer

Mother: Jenna (Hawkins) Welch

Marriage: George W. Bush (November 5, 1977-present)

Children: Jenna and Barbara, 1981

Education: Southern Methodist University, B.S., 1968; University of Texas at Austin, M.L.S., 1973

Religion: Methodist

Other Facts

Former librarian and elementary school teacher.

Has served on the boards of various institutions, among them the University of Texas Graduate School of Library and Information Science Advisory Council and the Reading Is Fundamental Advisory Council.


November 1963 Seventeen-year-old Laura runs a stop sign and collides with a car driven by a friend. He is thrown from his car and killed.

1973-1974 Works at the Houston Public Library, Kashmere Gardens Branch.

1974-1977 Works as a librarian at Dawson Elementary School in Austin, Texas.

November 5, 1977 Laura and George W. Bush marry just three months after meeting.

November 8, 1994 George is elected governor of Texas. He is reelected in 1998.

1995-2000 First Lady of Texas.

1995 Establishes the Texas Book Festival, an annual event promoting literacy.

1997 Becomes involved in an early-childhood development initiative, called the Reach Out and Read program, aimed at helping parents and other caregivers to prepare preschool children for formal instruction in reading.

January 20, 2001 Becomes first lady of the United States.

September 8, 2001 With the Library of Congress, launches the first National Book Festival.

November 2001 In a historic first, she records a full presidential radio address, speaking out on the plight of women and children under the Taliban regime in Afghanistan.

June 4, 2002 Launches the Laura Bush Foundation for America’s Libraries.

September 30, 2003 Visits Russia as part of an education and literacy tour.

February 9, 2006 Is received by Pope Benedict XVI at the Vatican.

November 2006 Has a cancerous tumor removed from her right shin.

August 2007 – The Laura W. Bush Institute for Women’s Health is founded as part of the Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center.

October 21, 2007 Arrives in the United Arab Emirates to begin a four-day tour around the Middle East to raise breast cancer awareness.

August 2008 In Thailand, she meets with refugees from Myanmar. Later attends the Olympic Games in Beijing with the president and former President George H.W. Bush.

September 1, 2008 Speaker at the Republican National Convention.

December 19, 2008 Official portrait is unveiled at the Smithsonian Institution’s National Portrait Gallery.

May 4, 2010 Her autobiography, “Spoken From the Heart,” is published.

May 11, 2010 During an interview on “Larry King Live,” Bush comes out in support of legalizing same-sex marriage and abortion remaining legal.

May 10, 2016 – With daughter Jenna, publishes “Our Great Big Backyard,” a picture book to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the National Park Service.

June 17, 2018 – Writes an op-ed criticizing the current zero-tolerance immigration policy being enforced under the administration of President Donald Trump. Bush calls the separation of children from parents entering the United States illegally “cruel” and “immoral.”

CNN-National & Wolrd

Jack Welch Fast Facts

CNN Editorial Research

Here is a look at the life of Jack Welch, former CEO of General Electric.


Birth date: November 19, 1935

Death date: March 1, 2020

Birth place: Peabody, Massachusetts

Birth name: John Francis Welch Jr.

Father: John Francis Welch Sr., a train conductor

Mother: Grace (Andrews) Welch

Marriages: Suzy Wetlaufer, journalist (April 24, 2004-March 1, 2020, his death); Jane Beasley, corporate lawyer (1989-2002, divorced); Carolyn Osburn (1959-1987, divorced)

Children: with Carolyn Osburn: Katherine, John, Anne and Mark

Education: University of Massachusetts, 1957, B.S. Chemical Engineering; University of Illinois, 1960, M.S., Ph.D. Chemical Engineering

Other Facts

He was the head of Jack Welch, LLC, established in 2007.

Media had given him the nickname “Neutron Jack” for his no-nonsense approach to business.

Wrote a weekly column in Business Week with his wife Suzy called “The Welch Way.”


1960 Begins career at GE in the Chemical Development Organization as a chemical engineer.

1972 He is appointed general manager of the worldwide plastics division and becomes a vice president.

1979 – Vice chairman and executive officer.

1981 – He is appointed chairman and CEO, the youngest CEO that General Electric Corporation (GE) has ever had.

1999Fortune magazine names Welch “Manager of the Century.”

September 2001 – Steps down as GE chairman and CEO and is replaced by Jeffrey Immelt.

July 3, 2003Announcement is made that his ex-wife Jane Beasley Welch will receive an undisclosed lump sum divorce settlement.

April 13, 2007Makes a failed attempt, with other investors, to buy the Boston Globe from New York Times Co.

June 21, 2009Pays more than $2 million for 12% stake in Chancellor University System LLC which delivers online education. The MBA program will become the Jack Welch Management Institute.

July 5, 2009Is hospitalized and later released after suffering a bacterial infection.

November 2011Sells the Jack Welch Management Institute to Strayer University for $7 million. The sale is a 70-30 split with Chancellor University; Welch gets the 70%.

October 9, 2012 – Welch and wife Suzy resign as Fortune magazine and Reuters contributors after his controversial tweet regarding the Obama administration and September unemployment data was criticized by Fortune.

April 4, 2015 – Harper Collins publishes “The Real-Life MBA,” the new book written by Welch and his wife Suzy.

December 2, 2016 – Welch is named to President-elect Donald Trump’s newly formed President’s Strategic and Policy Forum. The group, tasked with providing insight and opinions about jobs and the economy, disbands August 2017.

March 1, 2020 – Passes away at the age of 84.


Karl Rove Fast Facts

CNN Editorial Research

Here’s a look at the life of Karl Rove, architect of George W. Bush’s gubernatorial and presidential campaigns.


Birth date: December 25, 1950

Birth place: Denver, Colorado

Birth name: Karl Christian Rove

Father: Louis Rove, a geologist

Mother: Reba (Wood) Rove

Marriages: Karen Johnson (June 2012-present); Darby Hickson (January 25, 1986-December 2009, divorced); Valerie Wainwright (July 1976-January 1980, divorced)

Children: with Darby Hickson: Andrew

Education: Attended – University of Utah, 1969-1971; University of Maryland, 1972; George Mason University, 1973-1975; University of Texas at Austin, 1977

Other Facts

Other Rove clients have included: Arnold Schwarzenegger, John Ashcroft, and former Congressman and Senator Phil Gramm.

President George W. Bush gave Rove several nicknames, including “Boy Genius” and “Turd Blossom.”

Rove was adopted by Louis Rove, his stepfather.

Rove never completed college.

Careers upon leaving the White House include paid speaker, columnist for Newsweek and the Wall Street Journal and political analyst for Fox News.


November 1973 – Rove first meets George W. Bush.

1974 George H.W. Bush hires Rove as an assistant.

1977 – Rove works on the gubernatorial campaign of Bill Clements, who in 1978 becomes Texas’s first Republican governor in a century.

1980 Bush invites Rove to join his presidential campaign team.

1981-1999 – President of Karl Rove & Company in Austin, Texas.

1993-2007 – Adviser to George W. Bush and serves as senior adviser from 2000 to 2007.

1994 – Manages Bush’s run for governor of Texas and reelection in 1998.

2000 – Manages Bush’s run for president.

July 2003 – Various news articles name Valerie Plame, as a CIA secret operative involved in the search for weapons of mass destruction in Africa. An anonymous, senior White House official is the source.

August 2003 – Plame’s husband, US Ambassador Joseph Wilson, states that it was Rove who leaked her identity.

2004 – Engineers Bush’s reelection campaign.

2004-2007 – Deputy chief of staff to George W. Bush.

October 15, 2004 – Testifies before a grand jury pertaining to the CIA leak of Plame’s identity.

February 8, 2005 – Is promoted to deputy White House chief of staff in charge of policy, national security and homeland security.

June 12, 2006 – Special Counsel Patrick Fitzgerald faxes a letter to Rove’s attorney, Robert Luskin, informing him that Rove will not be charged in the CIA leak case.

July 13, 2006 – Rove is named in a federal civil lawsuit, along with Vice President Dick Cheney, Scooter Libby, and a number of unnamed defendants, by Plame and Wilson. The suit contends Plame was the victim of intentional and malicious exposure and that both she and Wilson “suffered a violation of rights guaranteed them under the United States Constitution and the laws of the District of Columbia.” The lawsuit is later dismissed.

August 13, 2007 – Resigns as deputy chief of staff and senior adviser to Bush, effective August 31.

December 13, 2007 – A Senate panel finds Rove in contempt of Congress for refusing to testify and release documents in the investigation into the 2006 firings of nine US attorneys.

May 22, 2008 – The House Judiciary Committee subpoenas Rove, ordering him to testify regarding allegations he was a key player in pressing the Department of Justice to dismiss some US attorneys and to prosecute Democrats. He does not appear at the July 10 hearing.

May 2009 – Rove is questioned by special prosecutor Nora Dannehy about his role in the firings of US attorneys.

July 2009 – Rove testifies for two days in a closed session before the House Judiciary Committee about the firings of US attorneys.

March 9, 2010 – Rove’s book, “Courage and Consequence: My Life as a Conservative in the Fight,” is published.

2010 – Helps launch super PAC American Crossroads and an affiliated group, Crossroads GPS.

2013 – Forms another super PAC called the Conservative Victory Project.

November 2015 – A biography written by Rove, “The Triumph of William McKinley: Why the Election of 1896 Still Matters,” is published.

2019 – Rove becomes treasurer of a PAC called Leading Texas Forward, a group that will raise money for Texas Republicans ahead of the 2020 election.

November 16, 2020 – Senate Republicans pick Karl Rove to serve as the national finance chairman for the Georgia Battleground Fund, a joint fundraising account formed by the National Republican Senatorial Committee to support Georgia Republican Sens. David Perdue and Kelly Loeffler ahead of their January 2021 runoff races to keep both seats and save their Senate majority.

CNN-National & Wolrd

Michelle Obama Fast Facts

CNN Editorial Research

Here’s a look at the life of Michelle Obama, wife of 44th US President Barack Obama.


Birth date: January 17, 1964

Birth place: Chicago, Illinois

Birth name: Michelle LaVaughn Robinson

Father: Fraser Robinson, water filtration worker

Mother: Marian (Shields) Robinson

Marriage: Barack Obama (October 3, 1992-present)

Children: Sasha, Malia

Education: Princeton University, B.A., 1985; Harvard University, J.D., 1988

Religion: Christian

Other Facts

Graduated magna cum laude with a sociology degree from Princeton.

Met Barack Obama when she was assigned to be his mentor at Sidley & Austin, a Chicago law firm.

Her father suffered from and eventually died of multiple sclerosis.

Has won a Grammy Award.


1988-1991 – Associate attorney at Sidley & Austin in Chicago.

1991-1992 Assistant to Chicago Mayor Richard Daley.

1992-1993 Assistant Commissioner of Planning and Development.

1993-1996Founding executive director of Public Allies Chicago.

1996-2002 – Associate Dean of Student Services for the University of Chicago and director of the University Community Service Center.

2002-2005 Executive Director for Community Affairs for University of Chicago Hospitals.

2005-2007 – Member of the board of Tree House Foods, a food supplier for Walmart stores.

2005-January 2009 – Vice President of Community and External Affairs for University of Chicago Hospitals.

January 20, 2009 Becomes the first lady of the United States.

April 2009 – “Michelle Obama: In Her Own Words” is published.

February 2009Appears on the March cover of Vogue magazine.

February 9, 2010 – Launches the national campaign, “Let’s Move!,” to reduce childhood obesity.

April 2011 – Launches the national veterans’ campaign, “Joining Forces,” with Jill Biden.

June 20, 2011 – Travels to Africa for a week to focus on youth leadership, education, health and wellness.

June 21, 2011 – Visits former president of South Africa Nelson Mandela at his home.

May 29, 2012 “American Grown: The Story of the White House Kitchen Garden and Gardens Across America” is published.

February 24, 2013 – Presents the Academy Award for best picture.

March 13, 2013 – Along with other high profile celebrities and politicians, Obama’s financial information is hacked and posted online. Her student loan information and credit report are posted.

March 14, 2013 – Is on the cover of April’s edition of Vogue. This is the second time she has appeared on the cover.

May 2014 – Launches the national campaign, “Reach Higher,” a higher education initiative.

March 2015 – Launches the national campaign, “Let Girls Learn,” a global focus on girls’ education.

July 2015 – Guest edits “More” magazine. Obama is the magazine’s first guest editor as well as the first first lady to guest edit an entire issue of “More.”

November 10, 2016 – Obama hosts the soon-to-be first lady, Melania Trump, for tea and a tour of the White House residence, Press Secretary Josh Earnest says in a White House briefing.

November 11, 2016 – Is on the cover of December’s edition of Vogue. This is the third time she has appeared on the cover.

January 13, 2017 – Gives her final White House remarks thanking her supporters and saying, “being your first lady has been the greatest honor of my life and I hope I’ve made you proud.”

September 27, 2017 – Remarks that “any woman who voted against Hillary Clinton voted against their own voice” during an appearance at the Inbound 2017 conference in Boston.

May 21, 2018 – Netflix announces the Obamas have signed a multi-year production deal that in which the two will work both in front of and behind the camera.

November 13, 2018 – Obama’s memoir “Becoming” is published, shooting to No. 1 on the Amazon Best Sellers list.

December 27, 2018 – Is voted the woman most admired by Americans this year, knocking Hillary Clinton from the top spot for the first time in 17 years, according to Gallup’s annual survey.

November 20, 2019 – Is nominated for a Grammy for best spoken word album for the audio version of “Becoming.”

December 30, 2019 – For the second year in a row, a Gallup survey lists Obama as the woman most admired by Americans.

January 26, 2020 – Wins a Grammy for best spoken word album for the audio version of “Becoming.”

July 16, 2020 – Announces that she is launching “The Michelle Obama Podcast” on Spotify.


Barack Obama Fast Facts

CNN Editorial Research

Here’s a look at the life of Barack Obama, the 44th president of the United States.


Birth date: August 4, 1961

Birth place: Honolulu, Hawaii

Birth name: Barack Hussein Obama Jr.

Father: Barack Hussein Obama, goat herder-turned-economist

Mother: Stanley Ann (Dunham) Obama Soetoro, anthropologist

Marriage: Michelle (Robinson) Obama (October 3, 1992-present)

Children: Natasha (Sasha) and Malia

Education: Columbia University, B.A., 1983, Harvard University, J.D., 1991

Religion: Christian

Other Facts

The name Barack means “one who is blessed” in Swahili.

Is the first African-American to be president of the Harvard Law Review.

Nominated and won two Grammy Awards.


1964 – His parents divorce when he is two years old.

Late 1960s Lives in Indonesia with mother and stepfather Lolo Soetoro.

1971 Returns to Hawaii to live with his maternal grandparents and attend school.

November 24, 1982 – Barack Obama Sr. dies in a car accident in Kenya.

1992-2004Practices civil rights law and teaches constitutional law at the University of Chicago Law School.

November 7, 1995 – Obama’s mother dies of ovarian cancer at the age of 52.

1995 – Publishes his autobiography “Dreams from My Father: A Story of Race and Inheritance” in which he admits to experimenting with marijuana and cocaine as a teenager.

1997-2005 Illinois State Senator, representing the 13th District.

2000 – Runs for the US House seat in Illinois’ 1st District and loses to former Black Panther Bobby Rush.

July 27, 2004 Delivers the keynote address at the Democratic National Convention.

November 2004 – Wins the US Senate race in Illinois, defeating Alan Keyes. It is the first race between two African-American candidates for Senate.

January 4, 2005 – Is sworn in as US senator.

2006 – Wins a Grammy for Best Spoken Word Album for his reading of “Dreams From My Father.”

August 20-September 3, 2006 – Tours five African countries and visits Nyangoma-Kogelo, his father’s hometown in Kenya.

January 16, 2007Files papers with the FEC to form a presidential exploratory committee.

February 10, 2007 – Announces his candidacy for president at an event in Springfield, Illinois.

November 3, 2007 – Makes a surprise guest appearance on the television show “Saturday Night Live.”

January 3, 2008 – Defeats Hillary Clinton in the Iowa Democratic Caucuses with 38% of the vote.

February 10, 2008 – Wins his second Grammy Award for Best Spoken Word Album for the audio version of his book, “The Audacity of Hope: Thoughts on Reclaiming the American Dream.” Former President Bill Clinton and former President Jimmy Carter also nominated.

March 18, 2008 – Makes a speech in Philadelphia defending his former pastor, Rev. Jeremiah Wright, who made racially-charged and anti-government comments during sermons.

June 3, 2008 – Secures enough delegates to win the nomination — 2,118 — after the South Dakota and Montana primaries.

June 19, 2008Announces he will not accept federal matching funds for his presidential campaign, foregoing $80 million dollars in federal money and a cap on how much he can spend.

August 23, 2008 – Chooses Senator Joe Biden (D-DE) as his running mate. Has first rally with Biden in Springfield, Illinois, in front of the old state capitol.

August 27-28, 2008 – Officially nominated as and accepts the nomination for president on the democratic ticket, becoming the first African-American candidate in US history to lead a major party.

November 3, 2008 Grandmother, Madelyn Dunham, 86, dies in Hawaii after a long battle with cancer.

November 4, 2008 Is elected president of the United States with an estimated 66.7 million popular votes and 365 electoral votes.

November 16, 2008 – Resigns his seat in the US Senate.

December 17, 2008 – Is named Time Magazine’s “Person of the Year.”

January 20, 2009 Is sworn in as the 44th president of the United States, becoming the first African-American to hold the position.

January 22, 2009 – Issues executive orders regarding the closing of Guantánamo Bay, torture, and creating a review of detention facilities and of individual cases.

April 6, 2009 – Says that the United States “is not, and will never be, at war with Islam” during a speech in Turkey.

April 7, 2009 – Makes a surprise trip to Iraq, his first as president.

October 9, 2009 – Is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

March 23, 2010 – Signs the Affordable Care Act, a health care reform bill, into law.

March 28, 2010 – Makes a surprise visit to Afghanistan, his first as president.

July 21, 2010Signs the Wall Street reform bill into law.

August 31, 2010 – Obama delivers an address from the Oval Office to mark the end of US combat operations in Iraq.

September 1-2, 2010 – Hosts meetings between Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas in Washington. Other participants include Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak and King Abdullah II of Jordan.

April 27, 2011 – The White House releases Obama’s original birth certificate, seeking to put an end to persistent rumors that he was not born in the United States.

May 1, 2011 – Announces that al Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden has been killed in a raid in Abbottabad, Pakistan.

May 5, 2011 – Attends ceremony to honor victims of September 11th at Ground Zero. Lays a wreath, meets with first responders, families and colleagues of the victims. He also visits the “Pride of Midtown” firehouse, Engine 54, Ladder 4, Battalion 9, the unit that lost 15 men, the most of any one firehouse.

May 25, 2011 – Is the first US president to address the UK Parliament.

October 21, 2011 – Announces the withdrawal of most US troops in Iraq by December 31, which would fulfill a 2008 campaign pledge to end the war.

May 9, 2012 – ABC airs excerpts from an Obama interview in which he endorses same-sex marriage. As the first sitting US president to do so, he says the legal decision should be up to the states.

June 15, 2012 – Issues an executive order suspending the deportation of certain young undocumented immigrants who were brought to the US as children.

September 6, 2012Accepts the Democratic nomination for president at Time Warner Cable Arena in Charlotte, North Carolina.

November 6, 2012 – Wins re-election as president of the United States, beating Republican challenger and former Governor of Massachusetts Mitt Romney.

December 19, 2012 – Is named Time Magazine’s “Person of the Year” for the second time.

January 20, 2013 – Is sworn in for his second term in a private ceremony in the Blue Room of the White House.

December 17, 2014 – Announces plans to normalize diplomatic relations with Cuba and ease economic restrictions on the nation, a policy shift he calls the end of an “outdated approach” to US-Cuban relations that, “for decades, has failed to advance our interests.”

May 12, 2015 – The Barack Obama Foundation announces that Obama’s presidential library will be built in Chicago.

July 23, 2015 – Travels to Kenya for the first time as president to participate in Global Entrepreneurship Summit in Nairobi.

March 20, 2016 – Arrives in Cuba, becoming the first sitting US president to visit in 88 years.

June 9, 2016 – Endorses Hillary Clinton for president.

May 20, 2016 – Signs a bill updating the terms the government uses to describe minorities. This includes now using the terms “Asian-American,” “Native American,” “Hispanic” and “African-American.”

May 27, 2016 – Becomes the first sitting US president to visit Hiroshima, Japan, where he calls for a “world without nuclear weapons.”

June 23, 2016 – The Supreme Court issues a divided ruling in a case concerning Obama’s executive actions on immigration. The programs will remain blocked and the case will return to the lower court.

June 24, 2016 – Obama announces he is designating the area around the Stonewall Inn in New York as the country’s first national monument to lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) rights.

January 20, 2017 – Leaves office after two terms as president.

April 22, 2017 – Makes his first public appearance since leaving office. Speaks at the University of Chicago before an estimated three hundred students from universities around the Chicago area. It is billed as a “conversation on community organizing and civic engagement” and a part of Obama’s goal to “encourage and support the next generation of leaders.”

September 5, 2017 – Obama posts a statement on Facebook in response to President Donald Trump’s decision to rescind an immigration order shielding some children of undocumented immigrants from deportation. “It is self-defeating — because they want to start new businesses, staff our labs, serve in our military, and otherwise contribute to the country we love. And it is cruel.”

May 21, 2018 – Netflix announces the Obamas have signed a multi-year production deal in which the two will work both in front of and behind the camera to “produce a diverse mix of content.”

July 17, 2018 – Speaks at the 16th annual Nelson Mandela Lecture in South Africa. In the address in honor of the late Nelson Mandela ahead of the 100th anniversary of his birth, Obama criticizes populist movements toward authoritarianism around the world and ridicules the “utter loss of shame among political leaders” who lie.

December 12, 2018 – Receives the Robert F. Kennedy Human Rights’ Ripple of Hope award.

January 2019Obama debuts on Billboard’s Hot R&B Songs chart at No. 22 for the musical track “One Last Time (44 Remix).” The track was released by Lin-Manuel Miranda, creator of the Broadway hit musical “Hamilton,” and also features Christopher Jackson and BeBe Winans.

July 13, 2019A life-size bronze statue of Obama is unveiled in Rapid City, South Dakota.

August 26 2019 – Obama announces an initiative to combat gerrymandering: Redistricting U. An extension of the All On The Line Campaign, Redistricting U intends to send free tools and resources that will help volunteers influence redistricting efforts in states across the US.

April 14, 2020 – Posts a video endorsing Biden for president.

June 3, 2020 – In an online event speech, Obama says that the significant events over the last months, including the protests over the killing of George Floyd and the ongoing coronavirus pandemic, represent “the kinds of epic changes … in our country that are as profound as anything I have seen in my lifetime.” He personally thanks protesters in the streets across the nation following the death of Floyd, and urges young African Americans to “feel hopeful even as you may feel angry” because he feels change is coming.

November 17, 2020 – Obama’s memoir, “A Promised Land,” is published.

CNN-National & Wolrd

Muhammad Ali Fast Facts

CNN Editorial Research

Here is a look at the life of boxing legend Muhammad Ali, three-time world heavyweight champion and Olympic gold medalist.


Birth date: January 17, 1942

Death date: June 3, 2016

Birth place: Louisville, Kentucky

Birth name: Cassius Marcellus Clay Jr.

Father: Cassius (Cash) Clay, sign and mural painter

Mother: Odessa (Grady) Clay

Marriages: Yolanda (Lonnie) Williams (November 19, 1986-June 3, 2016, his death); Veronica Porche (June 1977-January 1986, divorced); Khalilah Tolona (Belinda Boyd) (August 1967-January 1977, divorced); Sonji Roi (August 1964-January 1966, divorced)

Children: Adopted with Yolanda (Lonnie) Williams: Assad; with Veronica Porche: Laila and Hana; with Aaisha Fletcher: Khaliah; with Khalilah Tolona: Muhammad Ibo Jr., Rasheda, Jamillah and Maryum; with Patricia Harvell: Miya

Other Facts

Nicknamed “The Greatest.”

He became interested in boxing after reporting the theft of his bike to a policeman who gave boxing lessons at a local community center.

As an amateur boxer, he won 100 of 108 fights, including six Kentucky Golden Gloves championships.

Rhyming was one of his trademarks. “They all fall in the round I call,” “rope-a-dope,” “rumble in the jungle,” and “thrilla in Manila.”

His book, “GOAT: A Tribute to Muhammad Ali,” weighs 75-pounds and is covered in silk and Louis Vuitton leather. It contains more than 3,000 images. Ten thousand copies were published. The first 1,000 were signed and sold for $7,500 each. The remaining 9,000 sold for $3,000 each. GOAT stands for “Greatest of All Time.”


1959 – Wins the National Golden Gloves championship as a light heavyweight and qualifies for the US Olympic team.

1960 – Wins Olympic gold for light heavyweight. Turns pro after the Olympics.

February 25, 1964 – Defeats Sonny Liston, by knockout in the seventh round, for the title of World Heavyweight Champion.

1964 – Converts and joins the Nation of Islam, and changes his name from Cassius Clay to Muhammad Ali.

May 25, 1965 – Rematch with Liston, wins again by knockout in the first round.

April 28, 1967 – As a conscientious objector to the Vietnam War, Ali refuses induction into the US Army. The World Boxing Association strips him of his world title. New York and other states revoke his license to box.

June 20, 1967 – Is convicted in federal court of violating Selective Service laws, sentenced to five years in prison, and fined $10,000.

October 26, 1970 – In Ali’s first professional fight in more than three years, he defeats Jerry Quarry, by knockout in the third round.

March 8, 1971 – Known as the “Fight of the Century,” Ali and Joe Frazier split a $5 million purse at Madison Square Garden for Frazier’s title. After 15 rounds, it’s Ali’s first professional loss.

June 28, 1971 – The US Supreme Court reverses Ali’s Selective Service violation conviction in a unanimous ruling.

July 26, 1971 – Defeats Jimmy Ellis, by knockout in the 12th round, for the North American Boxing Federation (NABF) heavyweight title.

September 20, 1972 – Defeats Floyd Patterson, by knockout in the seventh round, retaining the NABF title.

March 31, 1973 – Loses the NABF title to Ken Norton in the 12th round.

September 10, 1973 – Regains the NABF title in the 12th round of a rematch with Ken Norton.

January 23, 1974 – Gets in a fight with Frazier at ABC’s New York studio, both are fined $5,000.

January 28, 1974 – Defeats Frazier in 12 rounds and retains his NABF title.

October 30, 1974 – “The Rumble in the Jungle” takes place in Kinshasa, Zaire (now Democratic Republic of the Congo). Ali defeats George Foreman, by knockout in the eighth round, to again become the World Heavyweight Boxing Champion.

1975 – Leaves the Nation of Islam to practice the more mainstream Islamic faith.

October 1, 1975 – The “Thrilla in Manila,” against Frazier, is another victory when Frazier’s manager, Eddie Futch, fearing for Frazier’s safety, ends the match before the start of round 15.

February 15, 1978 – Loses his heavyweight title to Leon Spinks after 15 rounds and a split decision.

September 15, 1978 – Reclaims the title from Spinks with a unanimous decision after 15 rounds, becoming the World Heavyweight Boxing Champion for the third time.

June 26, 1979 – Retires from professional boxing.

October 2, 1980 – Comes out of retirement for a guaranteed purse of $8 million, and a chance for the World Boxing Council title. Ali loses to Larry Holmes by knockout in the 11th round.

December 11, 1981 – Loses to Trevor Berbick, after ten rounds and a unanimous decision, in his last professional fight.

1984 – Reveals that he has Parkinson’s disease, a disorder of the central nervous system.

November 27, 1990 – Meets with Iraq President Saddam Hussein in Baghdad to negotiate the release of Americans being held hostage.

December 2, 1990 – Accompanies 15 freed US hostages out of Iraq.

July 19, 1996 – Lights the torch at the opening ceremonies of the Summer Olympics in Atlanta.

February 4, 1999 – First boxer to appear on the front of a Wheaties cereal box.

November 9, 2005 – Is presented with the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President George W. Bush.

November 21, 2005 – The Muhammad Ali Center opens in Louisville, Kentucky.

April 11, 2006 – Entertainment and licensing firm CKX announces that it is paying Ali $50 million in exchange for 80% of whatever it makes selling his name and likeness. Under the agreement, Ali has 20% control of the newly formed company G.O.A.T. LLC.

May 24, 2011 – Publicly appeals to Iranian officials for the release of detained US citizens Shane Bauer and Josh Fattal.

October 2013 – The Muhammad Ali Center in Ali’s hometown, Louisville, Kentucky, honors him with “Three Days of Greatness.” A weekend of film premieres on Ali’s life and the presentation of the Muhammad Ali Humanitarian Awards.

December 20, 2014 – Is hospitalized with pneumonia.

February 18, 2015 – Under Armour announces it will launch a “lifestyle apparel” line bearing Ali’s likeness. Photos of Ali will be used in marketing campaigns.

June 2, 2016 – A spokesman for the Ali family announces he is in the hospital for a respiratory issue.

June 3, 2016 – Ali dies at age 74 after a lengthy battle with Parkinson’s disease.


Hillary Clinton Fast Facts

CNN Editorial Research

Here’s a look at the life of Hillary Clinton, 2016 Democratic nominee for President. The first woman in American history to be nominated by a major party, Clinton is also a former secretary of state.


Birth date: October 26, 1947

Birth place: Chicago, Illinois

Birth name: Hillary Diane Rodham

Father: Hugh Rodham, a businessman

Mother: Dorothy (Howell) Rodham

Marriage: Bill Clinton (October 11, 1975-present)

Children: Chelsea

Education: Wellesley College, B.A., 1969; Yale University Law School, J.D., 1973

Religion: Methodist

Other Facts

Hillary and Bill Clinton met in the Yale Law Library in the early 1970s.

The first former First Lady to be elected to the US Senate and to hold a federal cabinet-level position.


1964 – Works on the presidential campaign of Republican candidate Barry Goldwater.

1968 Switches to the Democratic Party and campaigns for Eugene McCarthy.

1970Works as a summer intern for civil rights lawyer Marian Wright Edelman.

1973-1974 Works as an attorney for the Children’s Defense Fund.

January 1974 – Begins working for John Doar, the special counsel to the House Judiciary Committee, who oversees the inquiry into the possible impeachment of President Richard Nixon.

August 1974 Moves to Arkansas to teach at the University of Arkansas School of Law.

1974-1977 – Director of Legal Aid Clinic at the University of Arkansas School of Law.

1974-1977 and 1979-1980 Assistant Professor of Law at the University of Arkansas School of Law.

1976-1992 – Attorney at Rose Law Firm, Little Rock, Arkansas. Is named partner in 1979.

1978 President Jimmy Carter appoints Clinton to the board of directors of the Legal Services Corp., an organization that provides federal funds to legal-aid bureaus throughout the United States.

1978 Bill Clinton is elected governor of Arkansas. Hillary Clinton continues to work at Rose Law Firm, making her the first First Lady of Arkansas to continue working while her husband is governor.

1979Governor Clinton appoints her chairperson of the Rural Health Advisory Committee, whose members deal with the issue of providing health care in isolated areas.

1979 – The Whitewater Development Corp. is formed by the Clintons and James and Susan McDougal.

1980 – Governor Clinton loses the 1980 gubernatorial election. He returns to office in 1982, and is reelected in 1984, 1986 and 1990.

1983Governor Clinton appoints his wife to head the Arkansas Education Standards Committee.

1988 and 1991 – Hillary Clinton is named one of the 100 most influential US lawyers by the National Law Journal.

1992 – Bill Clinton is elected president.

January 1993 – The president names Clinton to lead the Task Force on National Health Care Reform.

September 28, 1993 – Testifies before the House Ways and Means Committee in support of President Clinton’s health care package. The health care reform bill is later defeated by Congress.

February 6, 2000 – Announces her candidacy for the US Senate.

May 16, 2000 – Accepts the nomination of the New York State Democratic Party for the US Senate.

September 20, 2000 – Independent counsel Robert Ray announces that the evidence found in the Whitewater case is insufficient to prove that the Clintons knowingly participated in any criminal conduct.

November 7, 2000 – Is elected to the US Senate with 56% of the vote.

February 13, 2001 – Makes her first address on the floor of the Senate.

June 9, 2003 – Her memoir, “Living History,” is published. The book sells over 200,000 copies on its first day of release.

November 7, 2006 – Clinton is reelected for a second term.

January 20, 2007 – Announces she is creating an exploratory committee for the 2008 presidential race.

January 8, 2008Wins the New Hampshire Democratic primary with 39% of the vote.

June 7, 2008Suspends her presidential campaign and endorses Barack Obama.

August 27, 2008Clinton is formally nominated as a candidate for president at the Democratic National Convention in Denver. She receives 341 votes before interrupting the roll call to ask that Obama be nominated by acclamation.

January 21, 2009 – Is confirmed as secretary of state.

October 15, 2012 – During an interview with CNN, Clinton takes responsibility for the attack on the US consulate in Benghazi, Libya. She claims as head of the State Department the security of more than 60,000 people in 275 posts is her responsibility.

December 15, 2012 Sustains a concussion after becoming dehydrated and fainting.

December 30, 2012 – Is hospitalized after doctors discover a blood clot during a follow-up exam related to the concussion. Doctors announce on December 31 that the clot is located in between Clinton’s brain and skull, but they are confident she will make a full recovery.

January 2, 2013 – Is released from the hospital.

January 23, 2013 – Secretary Clinton testifies for more than five hours before the House Foreign Affairs Committee and the Senate Foreign Relations Committee.

February 1, 2013 Resigns as secretary of state.

March 18, 2013 – Clinton announces that she supports marriage rights for same-sex couples. In the 2008 presidential primaries she supported civil unions and partner benefits, but not same-sex marriage.

March 2, 2015 – The New York Times reports that Clinton exclusively used a personal email account during her time as secretary of state. The account, fed through its own server, raises security and preservation concerns. The House committee investigating the attack on the US consulate in Libya discovered the personal account when the Department of State — through Clinton — provided those emails to the committee.

March 10, 2015 – During a press conference, Clinton says she used a private domain for her official work during her time at the State Department out of “convenience,” but admits in retrospect “it would have been better” to use multiple emails.

April 12, 2015 – Clinton officially announces a second bid for the White House. The initial word comes in an email to supporters from John Podesta, a longtime Clinton ally, then a video launched on YouTube and a newly minted Facebook page. Shortly after declaring her candidacy for president, she resigns from the Bill, Hillary, and Chelsea Clinton Foundation’s board of directors, according to foundation officials.

August 11, 2015 – Clinton’s spokesman announces that she will turn over her private email server and a flash drive to Justice Department officials, as an ongoing probe into the handling of classified information continues. Inspector General I. Charles McCullough III notifies Congress that two of Clinton’s emails contained top secret materials.

October 22, 2015 – Clinton testifies for 11 hours before the congressional panel investigating the attacks on the US mission in Benghazi, Libya, that led to the deaths of four Americans.

May 25, 2016 – A State Department Inspector General report states that Clinton failed to follow the rules or inform key department staff regarding her use of a private email server, according to a copy of the report obtained by CNN.

June 6, 2016 – According to CNN’s delegate and superdelegate count, Clinton has clinched the Democratic presidential nomination and will become the first woman in the history of the United States to lead the presidential ticket of a major political party.

July 5, 2016 – FBI Director James Comey states that he would not recommend charges against Clinton for her use of a private email server during her time as secretary of state. However, Comey does note that Clinton and her aides were “extremely careless” handling classified information.

July 6, 2016 – US Attorney General Loretta Lynch makes it official that Clinton will not be charged for her use of a personal email server during her tenure as secretary of state.

July 22, 2016 – Names US Senator Tim Kaine as her vice-presidential running mate.

July 26, 2016 – Officially becomes the Democratic Party nominee for president.

October 28, 2016 – In a letter to Congress, Comey says the FBI is reviewing new emails related to Clinton’s time as secretary of state, according to a letter sent to eight congressional committee chairmen. The emails are discovered as part of an investigation into Anthony Weiner and were sent or received by Clinton aide Huma Abedin.

November 6, 2016 – Based on a review of the newly discovered emails, Comey tells lawmakers that the agency has not changed its opinion that Clinton should not face criminal charges.

November 8, 2016 – Loses her bid to become the first woman president of the United States.

September 12, 2017 – Her third memoir, “What Happened,” is published, which explores the events of the 2016 presidential election. She reflects on the FBI investigation into her private email server, Russian meddling, and fellow candidates Donald Trump and Bernie Sanders, as well as her marriage to Bill Clinton.

March 27, 2018 – The US Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia dismisses a wrongful death lawsuit against Clinton brought by the parents of two of the Americans killed in the Benghazi terror attack. The parents claimed that Islamic terrorists intercepted information from messages Clinton had sent using a private email server, which they then used to orchestrate and execute the attack, resulting in the death of their sons.

October 1, 2019 – “The Book of Gutsy Women,” co-written with her daughter, Chelsea, is published.

October 17, 2019 – In a podcast interview, Clinton suggests that the Russians are “grooming” a current Democratic presidential candidate to run as a third-party and champion their interests. The comment appears to be directed at Rep. Tulsi Gabbard, who has previously been accused of being boosted by Russia. In her response, Gabbard calls Clinton “the queen of warmongers,” and concluded, “It’s now clear that this primary is between you and me. Don’t cowardly hide behind your proxies. Join the race directly.”

October 18, 2019 – The State Department releases details of an investigation saying that there was no “persuasive evidence” of widespread mishandling of classified information in the controversy surrounding Clinton’s use of a private email server while she was secretary of state.

January 22, 2020 – Gabbard files a defamation lawsuit against Clinton, alleging that she “lied” about Gabbard’s ties to Russia. The lawsuit is dropped May 27.

September 29, 2020 Clinton’s podcast, “You and Me Both with Hillary Clinton,” launches via iHeartMedia, the company producing the series.


John Kerry Fast Facts

CNN Editorial Research

Here’s a look at the life of former Secretary of State John Kerry.


Birth date: December 11, 1943

Birth place: Aurora, Colorado

Birth name: John Forbes Kerry

Father: Richard Kerry, a Foreign Service officer

Mother: Rosemary (Forbes) Kerry

Marriages: Teresa Heinz (1995-present); Julia Thorne (1970-1988, divorced)

Children: with Julia Thorne: Vanessa, 1976 and Alexandra, 1973

Education: Yale University, B.A., 1966; Boston College, J.D., 1976

Military Service: US Navy, 1966-1970, Lieutenant

Religion: Roman Catholic

Other Facts

Grew up overseas, having lived in Berlin before going to a Swiss boarding school at age 11.

After his return from Vietnam, he became a leader of the group Vietnam Veterans Against the War.

Kerry holds the record for the most miles of travel by a US secretary of state, having traveled more than 1.4 million miles when he left office in January 2017.

Appeared in a cameo role on NBC’s “Cheers.” His last name is spelled incorrectly on the 1992 episode’s end credits, as “John Kerrey.”


1966-1969 – Serves in the Navy in Vietnam as a gunboat officer on the Mekong Delta. Kerry is awarded the Silver Star, the Bronze Star and three Purple Hearts.

1971 – Speaks to members of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and makes headlines at a Washington, DC protest by disposing of his medals on the Capitol lawn. Later admits the medals belonged to someone else.

1972 – Runs unsuccessfully for Congress, Massachusetts’ 5th District.

1976 Is admitted to the Massachusetts State Bar.

1976-1979 – District attorney of Middlesex County, Massachusetts.

1979-1982Partner in the law firm Kerry & Sragow in Boston.

1982-1984 – Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts under Michael Dukakis.

1984 – Is elected as a Democrat to the US Senate for Massachusetts.

1990 – Wins a second term in the US Senate.

1996 – Reelected to the Senate.

November 5, 2002 – Is reelected to a fourth Senate term. He runs unopposed and is the first Massachusetts senator in 80 years with no major party opposition.

February 12, 2003 – Has surgery to remove a cancerous tumor on his prostate gland. Kerry’s doctors announce the cancer had not spread and he will not have to have radiation treatments. He is released February 15.

September 2, 2003 – Formally announces his candidacy for the Democratic nomination for president. In Kerry’s announcement speech, he says President George W. Bush is taking America “in the wrong direction.”

March 11, 2004 – CNN reports Kerry has received the exact number of Democratic delegates to assure his nomination as the candidate for president.

July 6, 2004 – Kerry names Senator John Edwards (D-NC) as his vice presidential running mate.

November 2, 2004 – Bush is reelected with 62,040,606 votes to Kerry’s 59,028,109. Kerry receives 252 Electoral College votes, and Bush gets 292.

November 3, 2004 – Calls Bush to concede the White House race.

November 1, 2006 – Apologizes after saying college students need to study hard or else they will “get stuck in Iraq.”

January 24, 2007 – Announces he will not be running for president in the 2008 election and will run for a fifth Senate term instead.

January 10, 2008 – Endorses Barack Obama in the 2008 presidential race, not former running mate Edwards.

November 4, 2008 – Wins a fifth term in the US Senate.

2009-2013Chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee.

June 4, 2009 – The IRS files a $820,000 lien against Kerry’s 2004 presidential campaign over payroll taxes.

August 2009Has hip surgery to address chronic pain.

August 2011 – Kerry is selected as one of 12 members of the Joint Select Committee on Deficit Reduction, created to work out $1.5 trillion in deficit reduction after an initial round of more than $900 billion in spending cuts.

December 21, 2012 – Is nominated to be secretary of state by President Obama.

January 29, 2013 – Kerry is confirmed as the next secretary of state by the US Senate; the vote is 94-3.

February 1, 2013 – Is sworn in as the 68th secretary of state.

May 31, 2015 – Breaks his femur while riding his bike in Scionzier, France. Kerry is flown to a nearby hospital in Geneva, Switzerland, for examination.

June 2, 2015 – After returning to the United States early for treatment of his leg injury, Kerry participates via phone in talks with European and Middle Eastern allies about ISIS. During the summit, Kerry declares the terrorist network is “no more a state than I am a helicopter.”

June 12, 2015 – Kerry is discharged from the hospital after undergoing surgery. Leaning on crutches, he greets the media and ensures reporters that nuclear talks with Iran will proceed as scheduled.

July 14, 2015 – The nuclear deal with Iran is finalized after numerous deadline extensions. Discussing the deal in Vienna, where the peace talks took place, Kerry says the agreement was long in the works because the United States and its allies made tough demands. “Believe me, had we been willing to settle for a lesser deal, we would have finished this negotiation a long time ago,” Kerry tells the media at a news conference.

July 18, 2015 – During an interview with CNN’s Jake Tapper, Kerry declares that he has no interest in launching a 2016 presidential campaign. “Zero. Absolutely none whatsoever,” Kerry says.

August 14, 2015 – Kerry visits Havana, Cuba, to raise the flag above the US embassy as it reopens for the first time in 54 years.

November 17, 2015 – Kerry draws a distinction between the two terror attacks in Paris in 2015, that the terrorists who attacked the Charlie Hebdo office in January had a “rationale,” as opposed to Friday’s events, which Kerry describes as “indiscriminate” violence.

April 11, 2016 – Kerry becomes the first sitting US secretary of state to visit the Hiroshima memorial in Japan. Hiroshima was devastated when the United States dropped an atomic bomb on the city in August 1945.

December 10, 2016 – French Foreign Minister Jean-Marc Ayrault presents Kerry with the insignia of Grand Officer of the Legion of Honor at a ceremony in Paris.

January 20, 2017 – Leaves office.

March 1, 2017 – The Carnegie Endowment for International Peace announces that Kerry will be joining them as a visiting distinguished statesman.

August 2017 – Serves as co-leader of the Carter Center’s mission of observers in Kenyan elections.

October 4, 2017 – Is named chairman of the Bank of America Global Advisory Council.

September 4, 2018 – His memoir, “Every Day Is Extra,” is published.

December 1, 2019 – Launches World War Zero, a bipartisan initiative of world leaders and celebrities to combat the climate crisis.

December 5, 2019 – Kerry endorses Joe Biden for president in the 2020 race, saying the former vice president has the character and leadership skills to beat President Donald Trump.

November 23, 2020 – President-elect Biden appoints Kerry as his special presidential envoy for climate. Kerry will be a Cabinet-level official and will sit on the National Security Council (NSC), marking “the first time that the NSC will include an official dedicated to climate change,” according the Biden transition team.

CNN-National & Wolrd

Eric Robert Rudolph Fast Facts

CNN Editorial Research

Here is a look at the life of convicted serial bomber Eric Robert Rudolph.


Birth date: September 19, 1966

Birth place: Merritt Island, Florida

Birth name: Eric Robert Rudolph

Father: Robert Rudolph

Mother: Patricia (Murphy) Rudolph

Education: Attended Western Carolina University, 1985-1986

Military service: US Army, 1987-1989, discharged for smoking marijuana


1981 – After his father dies, Rudolph moves from Florida with his mother and siblings to Nantahala, North Carolina.

1984 – Spends time at Church of Israel, a Christian Identity retreat in Schell City, Missouri.

1989 – Works as a self-employed carpenter in western North Carolina, eastern Tennessee and northern Georgia.

1996 – Begins using the aliases “Bob Randolph” and “Bob Rudolph.”

July 27, 1996 – A bomb explodes in Atlanta’s Centennial Olympic Park during the Summer Olympic Games, killing two.

January 16, 1997 – A bomb explodes at an abortion clinic in the Atlanta suburb of Sandy Springs. An hour later, a second bomb explodes. Seven people are injured.

February 21, 1997 – A bomb explodes at the Otherside Lounge, a lesbian nightclub in northeast Atlanta, injuring four people. Investigators find a second bomb before it detonates.

January 29, 1998 – A bomb hidden beneath a shrub explodes at the New Woman All Women Clinic in Birmingham, Alabama. Robert Sanderson, a 35-year-old off-duty police officer working as a security guard, is killed. Nurse Emily Lyons, 41, is seriously injured. In his 2005 plea agreement, Rudolph admits that he detonated the bomb by remote control, as Sanderson stood over it.

January 30, 1998 – Law enforcement agencies begin looking for Rudolph after witnesses report seeing his gray 1989 Nissan pickup near the Birmingham, Alabama clinic before the blast.

February 7, 1998 – Rudolph’s abandoned truck is discovered by two raccoon hunters in the woods eight miles from Murphy, North Carolina. Hundreds of law enforcement officers conduct a door-to-door search and comb the woods, but Rudolph eludes them.

February 14, 1998 – A federal warrant is issued charging Rudolph with the Birmingham, Alabama bombing.

March 8, 1998 – To protest what he feels is the persecution of his brother by the FBI and the media, Daniel Rudolph sets up a camera in his Summerville, South Carolina, garage. He cuts off his hand with a circular saw. It is later surgically reattached.

May 5, 1998 – Rudolph is added to the FBI’s Ten Most Wanted list. A $1 million reward is offered for information leading to his arrest.

July 11, 1998 – Andrews, North Carolina, health food store owner George Nordmann tells authorities that Rudolph came to his Nantahala home July 7 asking to buy food and other supplies. Nordmann says that at first he agreed, and then changed his mind.

October 14, 1998 – Rudolph is formally charged with the bombings at Centennial Olympic Park, New Woman Clinic and the Otherside nightclub in Atlanta, though not in custody.

May 31, 2003 – Rudolph is captured and arrested in Murphy, North Carolina, by 21-year-old rookie police officer Jeff Postell.

June 3, 2003 – Pleads not guilty at an arraignment hearing.

April 8, 2005 – Agrees to plead guilty to all charges against him in exchange for life sentences with no possibility of parole.

April 13, 2005 – Pleads guilty to the bombing of the abortion clinic in Birmingham, Alabama. He also pleads guilty to the three Atlanta-area bombings in Georgia, then releases an 11-page statement blaming the violence on the legalization of abortion.

July 18, 2005 – US District Judge Lynwood Smith sentences Rudolph to two life terms in connection with the January 1998 Birmingham, Alabama, bombing.

August 22, 2005 – Rudolph apologizes to his victims and their families for the 1996 bombing of Centennial Olympic Park while appearing in court for sentencing. He does not apologize for any of the other attacks to which he has confessed. He is sentenced to serve a total of four consecutive sentences of life in prison plus 120 years for the attacks.

February 2013 – With help from his brother, Rudolph publishes his autobiography, “Between the Lines of Drift: The Memoirs of a Militant.”

March 11, 2013 – The US Attorney’s Office in Birmingham, Alabama states in court documents it is seizing Rudolph’s royalties from book sales, totaling $200, to pay back the $1 million Rudolph owes in restitution.

June 22, 2020 – Rudolph files an 11-page, handwritten appellate motion to vacate two of his life sentences, claiming they were in violation of the constitution and “in excess of the maximum” allowed by law.