Categories
CNN-National & Wolrd

Chuck Yeager Fast Facts

CNN Editorial Research

Here’s a look at the life of Chuck Yeager, the first man to fly faster than the speed of sound.

Personal

Birth date: February 13, 1923

Death date: December 7, 2020

Birth place: Myra, West Virginia (grew up in Hamlin)

Birth name: Charles Elwood Yeager

Father: Albert Hal Yeager, a coal miner and gas driller

Mother: Susie Mae (Sizemore) Yeager

Marriages: Victoria Scott D’Angelo (August 2003-December 7, 2020, his death); Glennis Faye Dickhouse (February 26, 1945-December 22, 1990, her death)

Children: with Glennis Dickhouse: Donald, Michael, Sharon, Susan

Military Service: US Air Force, 1941-1975, Brigadier General

Other Facts

The first supersonic pilot, who flew more than 200 different types of military aircrafts.

Trained many of the Gemini, Mercury and Apollo astronauts at the Air Force Aerospace Research Pilots School.

During World War II, Yeager shot down over a dozen German planes. He is credited twice with shooting down more than four planes in one day: October 12 and November 27, 1944.

Flew combat missions in the Korean and Vietnam Wars.

Created a foundation which helps finance youth pilot programs and college scholarships.

Lawsuits between Yeager’s children and himself and his second wife over money fractured the family. His youngest child, Susan, was ordered to repay close to $1 million in misappropriated funds under her control as his financial manager from 1990 through 2003.

Timeline

September 12, 1941 – Enlists in the Army Air Corps and undergoes training as a flight mechanic.

March 10, 1943Appointment as flight officer after receiving wings. His unit is sent to England in November.

March 5, 1944 – At age 21, Yeager is shot down over German-occupied France on his ninth mission. He is wounded and then rescued by the French Resistance. After being smuggled into Spain and briefly imprisoned, he makes his way back to England.

1946-1956 – Air Force flight school instructor and research test pilot.

October 14, 1947 – Flies the “Glamorous Glennis,” a Bell X-1 rocket plane named after his wife, to break the sound barrier, at Mach 1.06, over the Mojave Desert.

October 10, 1948 – Flies a F-80 airplane over the Kanawha River in West Virginia during a boat regatta. Violating Air Force and FAA regulations, he flies under the South Side Bridge, does a roll and heads on to California.

December 12, 1953 – Sets a speed record of Mach 2.4, 1,650 mph. The record stands for three years.

July 1962-1966 – Commandant of the Air Force Aerospace Research Pilots School, supervises pilot training for military personnel of the space program.

December 10, 1963 – Ejects from a Lockheed Starfighter NF-104 experimental plane and sets a new record as the first pilot to eject in full compression gear under emergency conditions. His suit catches fire from the plane’s debris during descent requiring extensive skin grafts for burns.

August 1969 – Promoted to brigadier general.

June 1973Becomes director of the Air Force Inspection and Safety Center, Norton Air Force Base, California.

March 1, 1975Retires from the Air Force, continues to consult as a test pilot.

December 23, 1975 – Congress awards Yeager a special Silver Medal for bravery for breaking the sound barrier. The White House ceremony takes place a year later with President Gerald Ford.

October 21, 1983 – “The Right Stuff” premieres, with Sam Shepard playing the role of Yeager; breaking the sound barrier is the movie’s opening scene.

1985 – Receives the Presidential Medal of Freedom from President Ronald Reagan.

October 14, 1997 – Commemorates the 50th anniversary of breaking the sound barrier by doing it again in an F-15 fighter.

October 26, 2002 – Flies another “Glamorous Glennis,” an F-15 Eagle, to break the sound barrier at Mach 1.45.

April 2003 – Yeager’s children file a lawsuit in California’s Nevada County Superior Court over the handling of his revocable living trust. Yeager and his daughter, Susan, are co-trustees.

March 30, 2006 – The referee judge rules in Yeager’s favor against his children’s lawsuit.

November 2007 – Sues AT&T, claiming Cingular Wireless, which is owned by AT&T, had used his name in a press release without his permission. Wins the lawsuit June 8, 2012, and is awarded $135,000 in damages.

August 22, 2008Yeager’s children lose the appeal in California Appellate Court of the March 30, 2006 verdict.

December 2009 – Files a civil lawsuit against Virgin America Inc. for using his name in their advertising without his permission. The airline sent an email to frequent flyers mentioning Yeager and Buzz Aldrin. Aldrin does not join in the litigation. Virgin America and Yeager reach an initial settlement in July 2011, and the settlement is enforced in 2012.

April 2010 – Speaks publicly for the first time about the October 10, 1948, Charleston South Side Bridge incident. Doing 500 mph, he flew under the bridge because he knew he had enough room to clear it.

October 14, 2012 – On the 65th anniversary of Yeager’s flight to break the sound barrier, he rides along in a F-15 over the Mojave Desert, in a re-creation of his historic flight. Capt. David Vincent, based at Nellis AFB, pilots the F-15.

September 12, 2018 – Massachusetts Mutual Life Insurance Company files a lawsuit against Yeager, his wife and their organizations after the company references Yeager in a 2017 trade journal article. The Yeagers say the company violated his rights. The company, which later removed Yeager’s name from the article, seeks a declaration that it did not violate privacy laws. MassMutual drops the lawsuit in August 2019.

September 18, 2019 – Sues aerospace company Airbus SE in federal court for trademark infringement and for using his name, likeness and identity without permission in its advertisements. The lawsuit is dismissed in March 2020.

December 7, 2020 – Passes away at the age of 97.

Categories
CNN-National & Wolrd

Sandra Day O’Connor Fast Facts

CNN Editorial Research

Here is a look at the life of the first female justice on the United States Supreme Court, Sandra Day O’Connor.

Personal

Birth date: March 26, 1930

Birth place: El Paso, Texas

Birth name: Sandra Day

Father: Harry A. Day, rancher

Mother: Ada Mae (Wilkey), rancher

Marriage: John Jay O’Connor III (1952-2009, his death)

Children: Scott, Brian and Jay

Education: Stanford University, B.A. in Economics, 1950, graduated magna cum laude; Stanford Law School, LL.B, 1952

Other Facts

In law school, she was on the Stanford Law Review and third in her class.

Completed law school in two years.

A proponent of judicial restraint. At her confirmation hearings, she said, “Judges are not only not authorized to engage in executive or legislative functions, they are also ill-equipped to do so.”

In retirement, O’Connor has campaigned around the United States to abolish elections for judges, believing that a merit system leads to a more qualified and untainted judiciary.

Timeline

1952-1953 – County deputy attorney in San Mateo, California.

1955-1957- Works as a civilian lawyer for the Quartermaster Corps in Germany, while her husband serves with the Army’s Judge Advocate General Corps.

1959Opens a law firm in Maryvale, Arizona.

1965-1969Assistant Attorney General of Arizona.

1969Appointed to fill a vacant seat in the Arizona Senate.

1970 – Elected to the Arizona Senate.

1972 – Reelected to the Arizona Senate and elected majority leader. She is the first woman to hold this office in any state.

1975-1979Superior Court judge of Maricopa County.

1979-1981 Judge of the Arizona Court of Appeals.

August 19, 1981 – Formally nominated to the Supreme Court by President Ronald Reagan, to fill the seat of retiring Justice Potter Stewart.

September 21, 1981 – Confirmed by the US Senate.

September 25, 1981 – Sworn in as the first female Supreme Court justice of the United States.

1982 – Writes an opinion invalidating a women-only enrollment policy at a Mississippi State nursing school because it “tends to perpetuate the stereotyped view of nursing as an exclusively women’s job.” Mississippi University for Women, et al., v. Hogan

October 21, 1988 – Has surgery for breast cancer after being diagnosed earlier in the year.

1996 – Writes the majority opinion in a 5-4 decision to restrict affirmative action policies and voting districts that are created to boost political power of minorities. Shaw v. Reno

1999 – Writes the majority ruling opinion in the 5-4 sexual harassment ruling that public school districts that receive federal funds can be held liable when they are “deliberately indifferent” to the harassment of one student by another. Aurelia Davis v. Monroe County Bd. of Ed

2000 – Votes with the majority in a 5-4 decision that strikes down state laws banning the medical procedure that critics call “partial-birth” abortion. Stenberg v. Carhart

December 2000 – Votes in the majority to end the recount in Florida which leads to George W. Bush becoming president of the United States. O’Connor and Anthony M. Kennedy are the only justices who do not attach their names to either a concurring or dissenting opinion in the case. Bush v. Gore

January 31, 2006 Retires from the Supreme Court.

2008 – Develops the website, OurCourts which later becomes iCivics, a free program for students to learn about the US court system. It allows students to investigate and argue actual cases and to participate in realistic government simulations.

July 30, 2009 – Is awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Barack Obama.

February 25, 2014 – Releases the book “Out Of Order,” which is based on the Supreme Court and its history.

October 23, 2018 – Writes a letter revealing that she has been diagnosed with the “beginning stages of dementia, probably Alzheimer’s disease.”

July 19, 2019 – O’Connor’s former home is listed by the National Park Service in the National Register of Historic Places. The adobe house built by O’Connor and her husband in 1958 in Paradise Valley, Arizona, was relocated to Tempe, Arizona, in 2009. It is the home of the Sandra Day O’Connor Institute.

Categories
CNN-National & Wolrd

Ethel Kennedy Fast Facts

CNN Editorial Research

Here’s a look at the life of environmental and human rights activist Ethel Kennedy, the widow of Robert F. Kennedy.

Personal

Birth date: April 11, 1928

Birth place: Chicago, Illinois

Birth name: Ethel Skakel

Father: George Skakel, businessman

Mother: Ann (Brannack) Skakel

Marriage: Robert F. Kennedy (June 17, 1950-June 6, 1968, his death)

Children: Rory, 1968; Douglas, 1967; Matthew, 1965; Christopher, 1963; Mary, 1959; Michael, February 27, 1958 – December 31, 1997; Courtney, 1956; David, June 15, 1955 – April 25, 1984; Robert Jr., 1954; Joseph II, 1952; Kathleen, 1951

Education: Manhattanville College of the Sacred Heart, 1949 (now called Manhattanville College)

Other Facts

Established an organization called Robert F. Kennedy Human Rights, which supports the causes championed by Robert F. Kennedy.

Met Robert Kennedy though his sister, Jean.

Her nephew, Michael Skakel, was convicted in 2002 of the 1975 murder of his neighbor, Martha Moxley. In 2018, the Connecticut Supreme Court vacated Skakel’s conviction and ordered a new trial. Prosecutors announced they would not retry Skakel in October 2020.

Timeline

1955 – Ethel’s parents, George and Ann Skakel, are killed in an airplane accident.

1959 – Campaigns for Robert’s brother, John F. Kennedy, during his run for the presidency.

1961-1964 – Robert Kennedy serves as attorney general of the United States.

1964 – Robert Kennedy is elected to the US Senate to represent New York.

March 16, 1968 – Robert Kennedy announces he will run for the Democratic presidential nomination.

June 5, 1968 – Robert Kennedy is shot while campaigning in Los Angeles. He dies on June 6 at the age of 42.

2012 – Daughter Rory Kennedy’s documentary, “Ethel,” premieres.

November 24, 2014 – Receives the Presidential Medal of Freedom from President Barack Obama.

September 20, 2016 – Ethel attends a ceremony held by the US Navy as they announce the naming of a Navy refueling ship in honor of Robert F. Kennedy.

Categories
CNN-National & Wolrd

Joseph Lowery Fast Facts

CNN Editorial Research

Here’s a look at the life of civil rights leader Joseph Lowery.

Personal

Birth date: October 6, 1921

Death date: March 27, 2020

Birth place: Huntsville, Alabama

Birth name: Joseph Echols Lowery

Father: LeRoy Lowery, store owner

Mother: Dora (Fackler) Lowery, teacher

Marriage: Evelyn (Gibson) Lowery (April 5, 1948-September 26, 2013, her death)

Children: with Evelyn Lowery: Yvonne, Karen, Cheryl; with name unavailable publicly: Joseph Jr.; LeRoy II

Education: Attended Alabama A&M University and Knoxville College; Payne College & Theological Seminary, B.A., B.D.; Chicago Ecumenical Institute, D.D., 1950

Other Facts

A founder of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC).

Was sometimes referred to as the “dean of the civil rights movement.”

Continued to lead marches and boycotts against racism in the South after Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.’s death.

Brought the SCLC into the political fray after Andrew Young was forced to resign as UN ambassador for meeting with PLO member Zehdi Labib Terzi in 1979.

Spent over two decades as a board member for MARTA, the public transportation system of Atlanta.

Timeline

1950 – Is ordained a Methodist minister.

1952-1961 Pastor of Mobile, Alabama’s Warren Street United Methodist Church.

1955 Begins organizing for the civil rights movement in Mobile, Alabama.

1957 – The Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) is founded.

1957-1967 – Is named vice-president of SCLC. Dr. King is president.

1964-1968 Pastor at St. Paul’s Church in Birmingham, Alabama.

1967-1977 National Chairman and member of board of directors SCLC.

February 1977-January 15, 1998 National President and CEO of SCLC.

August 20, 1979 – With a delegation of SCLC members, meets with Zehdi Labib Terzi, the PLO’s chief observer at the United Nations.

February 5-18, 1982 Organizes the longest civil rights march. More than 3,500 supporters march from Carrollton, Alabama, to Montgomery, Alabama, demanding the extension of the voting rights act.

1986-1992 – Pastor of Cascade United Methodist Church in Atlanta.

1997-2020 – President Emeritus SCLC.

1997 Receives the Lifetime Achievement Award from the NAACP.

2001 – Clark Atlanta University establishes the Lowery Institute for Justice and Human Rights.

October 6, 2001 – An Atlanta street is renamed Joseph E. Lowery Boulevard in his honor.

February 7, 2006 – Makes controversial remarks during Coretta Scott King’s funeral: “She deplored the terror inflicted by our smart bombs on missions way afar. We know now there were no weapons of mass destruction over there. But Coretta knew, and we know that there are weapons of misdirection right down here. Millions without health insurance, poverty abound. For war, billions more, but no more for the poor.”

January 20, 2009 – Gives the benediction at Barack Obama’s presidential inauguration.

August 12, 2009 Receives the Presidential Medal of Freedom at a White House ceremony.

January 30, 2010Is taken to Emory University Hospital Midtown after having respiratory problems.

February 13, 2010 Is discharged from the hospital after being diagnosed with a pulmonary embolism.

February 13, 2011 – Delivers a sermon at Cascade United Methodist Church in Atlanta for the first time since suffering a stroke in 2010.

December 7, 2014 – Suffers a fractured hip after a fall at a California hotel.

March 27, 2020 – Lowery dies at the age of 98. Lowery’s death is confirmed by family representative Imara Canady, who says he died of natural causes.

Categories
CNN-Politics

Joe Biden Fast Facts

CNN Editorial Research

Here is a look at the life of US President Joe Biden.

Personal

Birth date: November 20, 1942

Birth place: Scranton, Pennsylvania

Birth name: Joseph Robinette Biden Jr.

Father: Joseph Robinette Biden Sr., car salesman

Mother: Catherine Eugenia (Finnegan) Biden

Marriages: Jill (Jacobs) Biden (June 17, 1977-present); Neilia (Hunter) Biden (August 27, 1966-December 18, 1972, her death)

Children: with Jill Biden: Ashley; with Neilia Biden: Naomi Christina, Robert Hunter, Joseph Robinette “Beau” III

Education: University of Delaware, B.A., 1965; Syracuse University Law School, J.D., 1968

Religion: Roman Catholic

Other Facts

Had a stuttering problem as a child.

Biden’s son, Beau Biden, was the attorney general of Delaware.

Delaware’s longest serving senator.

Timeline

1968-1970 – Defense attorney for criminal cases in Wilmington, Delaware.

1970-1972 Serves on the New Castle County Council in Delaware.

1972 – Is first elected to the Senate at age 29, defeating Republican Senator J. Caleb Boggs. Wins reelection in 1978, 1984, 1990, 1996 and 2002.

December 18, 1972 While Christmas shopping, Biden’s first wife, Neilia Hunter Biden, and daughter, Naomi Biden, are killed in a car accident. His sons are badly injured, but survive.

January 5, 1973 – Is sworn in as US senator of Delaware at son Beau Biden’s bedside in the hospital.

1987-1995 – Chairman of the Senate Committee on the Judiciary.

June 9, 1987 Enters the 1988 presidential race, but drops out three months later following reports of plagiarism and false claims about his academic record.

February 1988 Undergoes surgery to repair an aneurysm in an artery that supplies blood to the brain.

January 20, 1990 – Introduces a bill that becomes the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA). The act addresses sexual assault and domestic violence. It is signed into law by President Bill Clinton in 1994.

2001-2003 Chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee.

2002 Votes to authorize military intervention in Iraq, but later becomes a vocal critic of the conflict.

2007-2009 Chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee.

January 31, 2007 Files a statement of candidacy with the Federal Elections Commission to run for president.

August 1, 2007 His memoir, “Promises to Keep: On Life and Politics,” is published.

January 3, 2008 Announces his withdrawal from the presidential race.

August 23, 2008 Is named the vice-presidential running mate of Barack Obama.

November 4, 2008 Is elected vice president of the United States.

January 15, 2009 Resigns from the US Senate.

January 20, 2009 Is sworn in as vice president of the United States.

February 7, 2009 Delivers his first major speech as vice president at a security conference in Germany.

September 1, 2010 Presides over a ceremony in Iraq to formally mark the end of the US combat mission in Iraq.

November 6, 2012 – Obama and Biden are reelected, defeating Mitt Romney and Paul Ryan.

January 20, 2013 Is sworn in for his second term as vice president of the United States.

October 2, 2014 – Speaking at the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University, Biden tells attendees that ISIS has been inadvertently strengthened by actions taken by Turkey, the UAE and other Middle Eastern allies to help opposition groups fighting against Syrian President Bashar al-Assad.

October 4, 2014 – Biden speaks by telephone with Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan regarding remarks made at the John F. Kennedy School of Government. He apologizes “for any implication that Turkey or other allies and partners in the region had intentionally supplied or facilitated the growth of ISIL or other violent extremists in Syria.”

May 30, 2015 – Biden’s eldest son, Beau Biden, passes away from brain cancer at age 46.

October 21, 2015 – Says he will not seek the presidency, announcing that the window for a successful campaign “has closed.”

December 6, 2016 – Doesn’t rule out running for president in 2020, saying “I’m not committing not to run. I’m not committing to anything. I learned a long time ago fate has a strange way of intervening.”

January 12, 2017 – Obama surprises Biden by presenting him the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the nation’s highest civilian honor, during a White House ceremony.

February 1, 2017 – Biden and his wife, Jill Biden, launch the Biden Foundation, an organization that will work on seven issues: foreign policy; Biden’s cancer initiative; community colleges and military families; protecting children; equality; ending violence against women; and strengthening the middle class.

February 7, 2017 – Is named the Benjamin Franklin presidential practice professor at the University of Pennsylvania, where he will lead the Penn Biden Center for Diplomacy and Global Engagement. He will also serve as the founding chair of the University of Delaware’s Biden Institute, the university announces.

March 1, 2017 – Biden receives the Congressional Patriot Award from the Bipartisan Policy Center. He receives the honor in recognition of his work crafting bipartisan legislation with Republicans and Democrats.

November 14, 2017 – Biden’s memoir, “Promise Me Dad: A Year of Hope, Hardship, and Purpose,” is published.

March 26, 2019 – At an event in New York, Biden says that Anita Hill “paid a terrible price” when she testified in 1991 that she had been sexually harassed by now-Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas, adding that he regrets he didn’t give Hill the “hearing she deserved.” As the Senate Judiciary Committee chairman at that time, Biden presided over Thomas’ confirmation hearings.

March 29, 2019 – Lucy Flores, the former Democratic nominee for lieutenant governor of Nevada, makes allegations against Biden in an essay for The Cut, an arm of New York magazine, writing that Biden made her feel “uneasy, gross, and confused” in 2014 when, at a campaign rally in Nevada, she says he kissed her on the back of the head.

March 31, 2019 – “In my many years on the campaign trail and in public life, I have offered countless handshakes, hugs, expressions of affection, support and comfort,” Biden says in a statement. “And not once — never — did I believe I acted inappropriately. If it is suggested I did so, I will listen respectfully. But it was never my intention.”

April 3, 2019 – Biden releases a video on Twitter, saying that he will be “more mindful about respecting personal space in the future.” The video comes in the wake of multiple allegations he made women feel uncomfortable in their encounters, including a woman claiming Biden made her feel uncomfortable at a 2009 Connecticut fundraiser. Two additional women, including Alexandra “Tara” Reade, also told the New York Times that Biden made them feel uneasy by the way he touched them.

April 25, 2019 – Announces he is running for president in a campaign video posted to social media. Hours later, the Biden Foundation board chair, Ted Kaufman, announces the immediate suspension of all the organization’s operations.

June 6, 2019 – Biden announces that he has changed his mind on the Hyde Amendment, dropping his long-held support for a measure that blocks federal funds for most abortions. He says his decision was driven by a wave of state laws restricting the procedure.

October 23, 2019 – Biden’s campaign signals that it is dropping its objection to the creation of an outside group to defend against attacks from President Donald Trump’s reelection campaign.

March 25, 2020 – Reade says on a podcast that Joe Biden sexually assaulted her in 1993 while she was an aide in his Senate office.

May 1, 2020 – During an interview on MSNBC’s Morning Joe, Biden denies allegations made by Reade that he sexually assaulted her, stating “I am saying unequivocally. It never, never happened, and it didn’t.” Biden’s campaign also releases a 21-paragraph statement addressing the allegations. Biden also sends a letter to the secretary of the Senate requesting the release of any documents related to a sexual assault allegation made by Reade.

August 11, 2020 – Biden, the presumptive Democratic presidential nominee, names Kamala Harris as his running mate.

November 7, 2020 – Days after the election on November 3, CNN projects Biden is elected the 46th president of the United States.

November 24, 2020 – Biden becomes the first presidential candidate to win more than 80 million votes.

November 29, 2020 – Biden’s doctor says that Biden has hairline fractures in his foot and will “likely require a walking boot for several weeks” after he slipped while playing with his dog, Major.

January 20, 2021 – Takes the oath of office from Chief Justice John Roberts during an inauguration ceremony at the Capitol and delivers an inaugural address focusing on unity. Later in the day, Biden signs 17 executive actions, including halting border wall construction, reversing the travel ban targeting largely Muslim countries, and stopping the United States’ departure from the World Health Organization.

April 14, 2021 – Biden formally announces his decision to withdraw American troops from Afghanistan before September 11, 2021.

Categories
CNN-National & Wolrd

Steven Spielberg Fast Facts

CNN Editorial Research

Here’s a look at the life of filmmaker Steven Spielberg.

Personal

Birth date: December 18, 1946

Birth place: Cincinnati, Ohio

Birth name: Steven Allan Spielberg

Father: Arnold Spielberg, electrical engineer and computer pioneer

Mother: Leah (Posner) Spielberg, restaurateur and concert pianist

Marriages: Kate Capshaw (1991-present); Amy Irving (1985-1989, divorced)

Children: with Kate Capshaw: Destry Allyn; Mikaela George (adopted); Sawyer; Sasha; Theo (adopted); Jessica Capshaw, (stepdaughter); with Amy Irving: Max

Education: California State University Long Beach, B.A., 2002

Other Facts

As a child, he recorded family events using an 8-mm camera and made horror films with his younger sisters.

He was rejected by the University of Southern California (USC) School of Cinema Arts twice.

His 1975 movie, “Jaws,” is considered the first “summer blockbuster,” grossing $60 million within its first month of release.

Is godfather to actresses Drew Barrymore and Gwyneth Paltrow.

He has been nominated for seventeen Academy Awards and has won three. Received one honorary award.

He has won four Primetime Emmy Awards and seven Daytime Emmy Awards.

Timeline

March 24, 1964 – “Firelight” is released, his first feature-length film.

November 13, 1971 – “Duel” premieres as a made-for-television movie.

1982 – “E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial” becomes one of highest-grossing movies of the year.

1984 – Founds Amblin Entertainment. The company is named after a short movie Spielberg filmed while in school.

March 30, 1987 – Receives the Irving G. Thalberg Award at the 59th Academy Awards.

June 9, 1993 – “Jurassic Park” is released, based on the science fiction novel by Michael Crichton. The film is Spielberg’s highest grossing movie worldwide to date, making more than $1.03 billion to date (2016).

1994 – Wins an Academy Award for Best Picture and Directing for “Schindler’s List.”

1994 – Creates the Shoah Foundation to record and preserve interviews with survivors and witnesses of the Holocaust.

1994 – DreamWorks SKG is created by Spielberg, Jeffrey Katzenberg and David Geffen.

1995 – Receives the 23rd American Film Institute Life Achievement Award.

1996 – Wins an Emmy Award for Outstanding Animated Program (one hour or less) for “Steven Spielberg Presents A Pinky & The Brain Christmas Special.”

September 23, 1997DreamWorks releases its first full-length feature film, “The Peacemaker,” starring George Clooney and Nicole Kidman.

1999 – Wins an Academy Award for Directing for “Saving Private Ryan” and receives the US Navy’s highest civilian award, the Distinguished Public Service Award for the WWII film.

2002 – Wins an Emmy Award for Outstanding Miniseries for “Band of Brothers.”

2003 – Wins an Emmy Award for Outstanding Miniseries for “Steven Spielberg Presents Taken.”

December 2005 – DreamWorks SKG is sold to Paramount for $1.6 billion. Spielberg and Geffen remain with the company.

December 3, 2006 – Receives the Kennedy Center Honors.

2010 – Wins an Emmy Award for Outstanding Miniseries for “The Pacific.”

November 24, 2015 – Spielberg is awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Barack Obama.

February 20, 2018 – Announces he is donating $500,000 to March For Our Lives, an event formed in the aftermath of the deadly shooting at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Florida.

Categories
CNN-National & Wolrd

Winona Ryder Fast Facts

CNN Editorial Research

Here’s a look at the life of Oscar-nominated actress Winona Ryder.

Personal

Birth date: October 29, 1971

Birth place: Winona, Minnesota

Birth name: Winona Laura Horowitz

Father: Michael Horowitz, rare books dealer

Mother: Cynthia (Istas) Horowitz

Other Facts

She has been nominated for an Academy Award two times: Once for “The Age of Innocence” and once for “Little Women.”

Ryder received a Grammy nomination for her spoken recording of “Anne Frank: The Diary of a Young Girl.”

Timeline

1986 – Makes her film debut in “Lucas.”

October 6, 2000Receives a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.

December 12, 2001 Is arrested at the Beverly Hills Saks Fifth Avenue, charged with four felony counts and is released on $20,000 bail.

June 14, 2002 At her arraignment, Ryder enters a not guilty plea

October 16, 2002 Drug charges against Ryder are dismissed.

October 24 2002Ryder’s trial begins.

November 6, 2002 – The jury reaches a verdict after five hours of deliberation. Ryder is found not guilty of burglary, guilty of vandalism and guilty of grand theft.

December 6, 2002 – Ryder is sentenced to three years probation, psychological and drug counseling, 480 hours of community service and $10,000 in fines and restitution.

June 18, 2004 – A judge reduces the charges against Ryder from felonies to misdemeanors as she has completed 480 hours of community service at the City of Hope Cancer Center.

2016-present – Stars in Netflix’s series “Stranger Things.”

Categories
CNN-National & Wolrd

Martin Luther King Jr. Fast Facts

CNN Editorial Research

Here’s a look at the life of civil rights leader Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.

Personal

Birth date: January 15, 1929

Death date: April 4, 1968

Birth place: Atlanta, Georgia

Birth name: Michael King Jr.

Father: Martin Luther King Sr., Baptist minister

Mother: Alberta (Williams) King

Marriage: Coretta Scott King (June 18, 1953 – April 4, 1968, his death)

Children: Bernice, March 28, 1963; Dexter, January 30, 1961; Martin III, October 23, 1957; Yolanda, November 17, 1955

Education: Morehouse College, B.A., 1948; Crozer Theological Seminary, B.D., 1951; Boston University, Ph.D., 1955

Other Facts

King’s father changed both of their names from Michael to Martin Luther in honor of the protestant reformer.

Youngest person, at the time, to win the Nobel Peace Prize.

Author of five books, published 1958-1968.

Timeline

1948 – Is ordained a Baptist minister

1954 – Becomes the pastor of Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama.

December 1, 1955 – Seamstress and civil rights activist Rosa Parks refuses to give up her seat on a bus to a white man, sparking the year-long Montgomery bus boycott. Within days, the Montgomery Improvement Association is founded to coordinate the boycott. King is elected president of the organization.

January 30, 1956 – King’s house is bombed. His wife and daughter, home at the time, are uninjured.

1957 – The Southern Christian Leadership Conference is established, with King serving as president.

1960 – King moves to Atlanta and becomes co-pastor of Ebenezer Baptist Church with his father.

April 1963 – King is arrested for leading a march in Birmingham, Alabama. While in solitary confinement he writes an essay entitled “Letter from Birmingham Jail.”

August 28, 1963 – During the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, King delivers his famous “I Have a Dream” speech on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial. The demonstration is attended by more than 250,000 people.

1963 – King is named Time magazine’s Man of the Year.

July 2, 1964 – King stands behind President Lyndon B. Johnson as Johnson signs into law the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

1964 – Is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

1965 – Helps organize civil rights protests in Selma, Alabama.

August 6, 1965 – Johnson signs into law the Voting Rights Act of 1965.

April 4, 1967 – King delivers a speech against the war in Vietnam.

April 4, 1968 – King is assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee, by James Earl Ray.

1976 – The Senate Select Committee on Intelligence Activities releases a report stating that from 1963-1968 King was the subject of extensive FBI surveillance.

1977 – Is posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom, by President Jimmy Carter.

1980 – The Martin Luther King Jr. National Historical Park is established.

1983 – President Ronald Reagan signs a law making King’s birthday a federal holiday, to be observed annually on the third Monday in January.

1991 – The National Civil Rights Museum opens at the site of the Lorraine Motel, where King was assassinated.

April 23, 1998 – King’s assassin dies in prison.

June 2000 – Following an 18-month investigation, the Justice Department concludes that there is no evidence to support a conspiracy behind King’s murder.

January 30, 2006 – King’s wife, Coretta, dies at the age of 78.

June 2006 – A group of Atlanta business and civic leaders pay $32 million for a collection of King’s personal papers. The papers go to Morehouse College.

November 13, 2006 – The groundbreaking ceremony for the Martin Luther King Jr. National Memorial in Washington takes place. It will be the first memorial on the National Mall dedicated to an African-American.

October 16, 2011 – The Martin Luther King Jr. National Memorial is dedicated. It is located between the Lincoln Memorial and the Jefferson Memorial.

Categories
CNN-National & Wolrd

Lance Armstrong Fast Facts

CNN Editorial Research

Here is a look at cyclist Lance Armstrong.

Personal

Birth date: September 18, 1971

Birth place: Plano, Texas

Birth name: Lance Edward Gunderson

Father: Edward Gunderson

Mother: Linda (Mooneyham) Gunderson

Marriage: Kristin (Richard) Armstrong (1998-2003, divorced)

Children: with Anna Hansen: Olivia Marie and Max; with Kristin Armstrong: Isabelle Rose, Grace Elizabeth and Luke

Other Facts

Armstrong was adopted as a young child by his mother’s second husband, Terry Armstrong.

Since its inception in 1997, the LIVESTRONG Foundation (formerly known as the Lance Armstrong Foundation) has served more than 2.5 million people affected by cancer.

Timeline

1987 – At 16, Armstrong competes as a professional tri-athlete.

1989 – While still in high school, Armstrong trains with US Olympic cycling developmental team and competes in the Junior World Championships in Moscow.

1989 – Is named to the US National Cycling Team.

1991 – US National Amateur Champion.

1992 – Armstrong competes in the Summer Olympics in Barcelona, Spain, and finishes 14th. He turns pro immediately after the Olympics and finishes last in his first race.

1993 – Wins 10 titles, including the World Champion and US PRO Champion. Wins a stage at the Tour de France but cannot complete the race.

1993 Wins the Thrift Drug Triple Crown.

1995 – Armstrong wins a stage at the Tour de France. He finishes 36th, the first time he finishes the race.

1996 – Drops out of the Tour de France after being diagnosed with bronchitis; finishes 12th in the Summer Olympics in Atlanta, and signs with France’s Team Cofidis.

October 2, 1996 – Is diagnosed with testicular cancer. The cancer had spread to his lungs, lymph nodes, abdomen and brain; undergoes surgery the next day to have the malignant testicle removed.

October 24, 1996 – Undergoes surgery to remove two cancerous lesions from his brain.

December 1996 – Doctors tell Armstrong he is cancer-free.

1997 – Establishes the Lance Armstrong Foundation to benefit cancer research and cancer patients.

1999 – Wins his first Tour de France, riding with the US Postal Team.

2000 – Wins the Tour de France for a second consecutive year and two months later wins the bronze medal at the Sydney Olympic Games.

2000 – “It’s Not About the Bike: My Journey Back to Life” is published.

2001 Wins the Tour de France for the third time.

2002 Wins his fourth consecutive Tour de France.

2002 – A 21-month investigation into whether the US Postal Team used performance enhancing drugs during the 2000 Tour de France closes after finding no evidence of illegal drug use.

July 27, 2003Armstrong wins his fifth consecutive Tour de France by 61 seconds.

June 15, 2004 – Announces he is suing David Walsh, co-author of a book accusing him of taking performance-enhancing drugs.

June 21, 2004 – A Paris court throws out a request by Armstrong for an emergency ruling ordering the publishers of a book detailing suggestions of doping to insert a denial by Armstrong.

July 25, 2004Wins his sixth consecutive Tour de France.

April 18, 2005Announces that he will retire after competing in the 2005 Tour de France.

July 24, 2005 – Wins his seventh Tour de France.

December 14, 2005 – Armstrong is indicted in an Italian court and is ordered to stand trial for defaming cyclist Filippo Simeoni. Charges are dropped in April 2006.

May 31, 2006 – A report from the International Cycling Union is released that clears Armstrong’s name of 1999 doping allegations.

September 9, 2008Announces his return to professional cycling.

March 24, 2009 – Falls, along with 15-20 other riders, during a race in Spain and breaks his collarbone.

July 26, 2009 – Comes in third place in the Tour de France.

May 20, 2010 – Crashes during the Amgen Tour of California and is taken to a hospital. The same day he denies allegations of doping made by former teammate Floyd Landis.

July 21, 2010 – Hires a defense lawyer to represent him in a federal investigation into allegations of fraud and doping.

July 25, 2010 – Finishes in 23rd place at his final Tour de France.

February 16, 2011 – Announces his retirement from the world of professional cycling, saying he wants to devote more time to his family and the fight against cancer.

February 3, 2012Justice Department prosecutors announce they are closing a criminal probe of Armstrong without filing charges he used performance enhancing drugs.

June 12, 2012 – The US Anti-Doping Agency (USADA) notifies Armstrong of an investigation into new doping charges. In response, Armstrong says that the USADA intends to “dredge up discredited” doping allegations against him in a bid to strip him of his Tour de France victories.

June 29, 2012 – The USADA announces that it has filed doping charges against Armstrong. Armstrong’s attorney calls the decision to charge “wrong” and “baseless.”

July 9, 2012 – Armstrong files a federal lawsuit in Texas to halt the doping case against him. US District Judge Sam Sparks dismisses Armstrong’s lawsuit. In a sharply-worded ruling, the judge states Armstrong’s complaint is full of legally irrelevant claims. The judge urges Armstrong to re-file without “any improper argument, rhetoric, or irrelevant material.”

July 10, 2012 – Armstrong refiles the lawsuit. The complaint is substantially shorter than the original and Armstrong again asks the court to file an injunction against the USADA.

August 20, 2012 – A federal judge dismisses Armstrong’s lawsuit against the USADA.

August 24, 2012 – Declares he will no longer fight charges of illegal doping. Shortly after Armstrong’s announcement, the USADA says they will strip him of his seven Tour de France titles and impose a lifetime ban on him.

October 10, 2012 – The USADA’s report on Armstrong is released. The report places Armstrong at the center of a doping program during his time in cycling. Also in the report, former teammates admit to doping and ways of beating the drug-testing.

October 17, 2012 – Armstrong announces he is stepping down as chairman of LIVESTRONG.

October 17, 2012 – Nike terminates its contract with Armstrong. Anheuser-Busch also announces it will not renew its contract with him after it expires in 2012.

October 22, 2012 The International Cycling Union announces that Armstrong is being stripped of his Tour de France titles and is being banned from professional cycling for life.

October 22, 2012 Oakley announces it is severing ties with Armstrong but will continue to support the LIVESTRONG Foundation.

November 12, 2012 Armstrong resigns from his position on the LIVESTRONG Foundation board.

November 14, 2012The Lance Armstrong Foundation announces it has formally dropped Armstrong’s name from its title. It will now be the LIVESTRONG Foundation.

January 17, 2013 The International Olympic Committee strips Armstrong of the bronze medal he won at the 2000 Olympic Games in Sydney, Australia.

January 17, 2013 – In an interview with Oprah Winfrey, Armstrong admits to using banned performance-enhancing drugs during his cycling career.

February 22, 2013 – The US Department of Justice announces it has joined the whistle-blower lawsuit against Armstrong that was originally filed by former teammate Landis.

April 23, 2013 – The Justice Department files a lawsuit against Armstrong and his company Tailwind Sports for millions of dollars that the US Postal Service spent to sponsor the cycling team. The complaint charges that the use of prohibited drugs constitutes a breach of contract.

September 12, 2013 – Armstrong tweets that he has turned over his Olympic bronze medal, won at the 2000 Sydney Games, to the US Olympic Committee.

December 28, 2014 – Armstrong’s longtime girlfriend, Anna Hansen, takes the blame when the SUV they were driving hits two parked cars in Aspen, Colorado.

December 31, 2014 – Hansen admits to police that Armstrong was driving when the couple’s SUV struck the parked cars. Hansen apologizes for lying to police and states that they wanted to avoid publicity of the accident.

January 29, 2015 – The BBC airs an in-depth interview with Armstrong about his history and his future. He states that if he were racing in 1995 “when doping was completely pervasive, I would probably do it again.”

July 16, 2015 – Despite being unwelcome, Armstrong makes his return to the Tour de France to take part in a charity ride one day prior to the official start of the competition.

June 20, 2016 – Starts a podcast, The Forward, in which he interviews people from “politics, entertainment, art, business, sport and more.” The first guest is Tim League, CEO and founder of the Alamo Drafthouse.

2017 – Starts a podcast, The Move, focused on coverage of the Tour de France.

April 19, 2018 – The US Department of Justice announces Armstrong has agreed to pay the United States $5 million to settle a lawsuit against him. The government accused Armstrong of fraud in 2013 after he admitted using performance-enhancing drugs while the US Postal Service was paying millions to sponsor his team.

Categories
CNN-National & Wolrd

Jack Lew Fast Facts

CNN Editorial Research

Here is a look at the life of former Treasury Secretary Jacob “Jack” Lew.

Personal

Birth date: August 29 1955

Birth place: New York New York

Birth name: Jacob Joseph Lew

Father: Irving Lew a lawyer and rare book dealer

Mother: Ruth (Turoff) Lew

Marriage: Ruth Schwartz

Children: Isaac “Danny” and Shoshana

Education: Harvard A.B. 1978; Georgetown J.D. 1983

Religion: Jewish

Other Facts

Observes the Sabbath abstaining from work on Saturdays.

Helped develop AmeriCorps while working for President Bill Clinton.

Timeline

1979-1987 – Domestic policy adviser to House Speaker Thomas “Tip” O’Neill Jr.

1993-1994 – Works as a special assistant to President Clinton.

1995-1998 – Deputy director of the Office of Management and Budget.

1998-2001 – Director of the Office of Management and Budget.

2001-2006 – Executive vice president of New York University.

2006 Begins working for Citigroup as the chief operating officer of wealth management.

January 2008 Is named chief operating officer for Citi Alternative Investments.

2009-November 2010 Deputy Secretary of State for Management and Resources.

November 2010-January 2012 Director of the Office of Management and Budget.

January 2012January 25 2013 President Barack Obama‘s chief of staff.

January 10 2013 – President Obama nominates Lew for secretary of the Treasury.

February 27 2013 Lew is confirmed by the Senate by a vote of 71-26 and sworn in as the 76th secretary of the Treasury on February 28.

April 20 2016 – Announces the US Treasury plans to redesign the $20 bill replacing Andrew Jackson with Harriet Tubman.

January 20 2017 – Leaves office.

February 1 2017 – Joins Columbia University’s School of International and Public Affairs as a visiting professor.

November 2017 – Private investment firm Lindsay Goldberg LLC announces that Lew will join the company as a partner.