Rick Perry Fast Facts

CNN Editorial Research

Here is a look at the life of former US Secretary of Energy and former Texas Governor Rick Perry.


Birth date: March 4, 1950

Birth place: Paint Creek, Texas

Birth name: James Richard Perry

Father: Joseph Ray Perry, a farmer

Mother: Amelia (Holt) Perry

Marriage: Anita (Thigpen) Perry (November 6, 1982-present)

Children: Sydney and Griffin

Education: Texas A&M University, B.S., 1972

Military Service: US Air Force, 1972-1977, Captain

Religion: Methodist

Other Facts

Is an Eagle Scout.

Met his wife, Anita, in elementary school.

Is the longest serving governor in Texas history.


1972-1977 – Serves in the US Air Force flying transport planes.

1977 – Returns to Texas to live and work on his father’s farm.

1978 Forms JR Perry Farms with his father.

1985-1991 Member of the Texas House of Representatives as a Democrat from the 64th District.

1989 Switches to the Republican Party.

1991-1999 Commissioner of the Texas Department of Agriculture.

1999-2000 – Lieutenant Governor of Texas.

December 21, 2000 – Perry is sworn in as governor after George W. Bush resigns to become president of the United States.

November 5, 2002 – Perry is elected to a four-year term.

November 7, 2006 – Is reelected governor.

2008Perry’s book “On My Honor: Why the American Values of the Boy Scouts Are Worth Fighting For” is published.

November 2, 2010 – Perry is elected for a third term in office.

August 13, 2011 – Declares his candidacy for president during a speech in South Carolina.

January 19, 2012 – Suspends his presidential campaign and endorses Newt Gingrich.

July 8, 2013 – Announces that he will not run for reelection as Texas governor in 2014.

August 15, 2014 – A grand jury indicts Perry on charges of coercion of a public servant and abuse of his official capacity. He allegedly threatened to veto funding for a statewide public integrity unit run by Travis County District Attorney Rosemary Lehmberg unless she resigned following her arrest on a drunk driving charge. She stayed in office, and he later vetoed the funding.

August 19, 2014 – Perry voluntarily appears at the Travis County Court house to be booked and fingerprinted and to have his mug shot taken. He pleads not guilty to charges of coercion of a public servant and abuse of official capacity. The next day he makes the first of six campaign style stops across New Hampshire.

November 18, 2014 – A state district judge in Texas denies a defense motion to have two felony charges dismissed against Perry.

January 15, 2015 – Delivers his farewell address as governor.

June 4, 2015 – Announces he is running for president at a rally in Addison, Texas.

July 24, 2015 – A Texas appeals court dismisses one of two criminal charges against Perry. The court agrees with the argument from Perry’s legal team that a Texas law concerning “coercion of a public servant” violates Perry’s First Amendment freedom of speech rights. The court is allowing a charge related to abuse of power to move forward.

September 11, 2015 – Suspends his campaign for the presidency.

January 25, 2016 – Perry endorses Ted Cruz.

February 24, 2016 – The Texas Court of Criminal Appeals drops charges against Perry alleging he abused his power while in office.

August 30, 2016 – Perry is revealed as one of the members of the upcoming 23rd season of reality television dance competition “Dancing with the Stars” on ABC.

September 27, 2016 – Is eliminated from “Dancing With The Stars.”

November 22, 2016 – Returns to “Dancing With The Stars” for the season finale. Perry dances with Vanilla Ice during a live performance of “Ice Ice Baby.”

December 13, 2016 – President-elect Donald Trump announces he has selected Perry to be his nominee for energy secretary.

January 19, 2017 – Perry says that he regrets recommending the elimination of the Department of Energy during a presidential debate in 2012.

March 2, 2017 – Perry is confirmed as energy secretary with a 62-37 vote in the Senate.

July 26, 2017 – Perry’s office acknowledges that he was the target of a prank call on July 19. During the 20-minute call from Russian pranksters, real names Vladimir Krasnov and Aleksey Stolyarov, respectively, one pretends to be Ukrainian Prime Minister Volodymyr Groysman.

February 5, 2019 – Is named the designated survivor for Trump’s second State of the Union address. As the one member of the Cabinet remaining outside the House chamber during the speech in case disaster strikes, Perry will remain in an undisclosed location.

October 10, 2019 – House Democrats issue a subpoena to Perry for documents related to the Trump administration’s contacts with Ukraine as part of the ongoing House impeachment inquiry.

October 17, 2019 – Perry says he plans to resign in a video posted to YouTube.

November 20, 2019 – Ambassador to the EU Gordon Sondland testifies that he, along with special envoy for Ukraine Kurt Volker and Perry, worked with Giuliani on Ukraine at the “express direction” of Trump and against their better judgment. Sondland also tells lawmakers that he had discussed the investigation in a July 19 email sent to several top US officials, including Perry. In response, the Department of Energy releases a statement denying Sondland’s claims, saying he “misrepresented both Secretary Perry’s interaction with Rudy Giuliani and direction the Secretary received from President Trump.”

December 1, 2019 – Perry resigns as US Secretary of Energy.

January 1, 2020 – Perry is appointed as a director of the general partner that controls Energy Transfer LP, a pipeline company.

February 17, 2021 In a blog post on House Minority Leader Kevin McCarthy’s website, Perry is quoted as saying “partly rhetorically,” that “Texans would be without electricity for longer than three days to keep the federal government out of their business.” Millions of Texans lost power as the state experienced a massive failure brought on by a historic freeze and a power grid that — unlike the other 47 contiguous states — is separated from the rest of the country and is not under federal regulatory oversight, which prevents Texas from being able to borrow power from other states.

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Jesse Jackson Fast Facts

CNN Editorial Research

Here’s a look at the life of civil rights activist and clergyman Jesse Jackson.


Birth date: October 8, 1941

Birth place: Greenville, South Carolina

Birth name: Jesse Louis Burns

Father: Noah Robinson, cotton grader

Mother: Helen (Burns) Jackson, hairdresser

Marriage: Jacqueline Lavinia (Brown) Jackson (December 31, 1962-present)

Children: with Karin Stanford: Ashley (May 1999); with Jacqueline: Jacqueline Jackson (September 2, 1975); Yusef (September 26, 1970); Jonathan (January 7, 1966); Jesse Jr. (March 11, 1965); Santita (July 16, 1963)

Education: North Carolina Agricultural & Technical State University, Greensboro, 1964, B.A. – Sociology; Chicago Theological Seminary, 2000, M.Div.

Religion: Baptist

Other Facts

Ran for president twice but has never held elected office.

After high school graduation, Jackson received an offer from the Chicago White Sox and a football scholarship from the University of Illinois. He chose the football scholarship but later transferred to North Carolina A&T State University.

Jackson’s son Jesse Jr. is a former US congressman who represented Illinois’ 2nd District.


1943 – Jackson’s mother marries Charles Henry Jackson. He formally adopts Jesse in 1957.

July 17, 1960 – Jackson begins his civil rights activism when he and seven others enter the “whites only” public library in Greenville County, South Carolina. They are subsequently arrested and jailed. A lawyer files suit on their behalf and two months later the library system abandons formal segregation of its downtown library.

1965 – Participates in civil rights demonstrations in Selma, Alabama, with Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC).

1966 – Is chosen by King to head the Chicago branch of Operation Breadbasket, an organization that strives to improve the economic condition of black communities across the nation. A year later he is appointed national director of Operation Breadbasket.

1968Is ordained a Baptist minister.

December 1971 – Resigns from the SCLC and forms Operation PUSH (People United to Save Humanity) in Chicago.

1971-1986 – Executive director of operation for PUSH.

November 3, 1983 Formally announces his candidacy for the 1984 Democratic presidential nomination.

1984 – Secures the release of 48 Cuban and Cuban-American prisoners held in Cuba and of Navy Lieutenant Robert Goodman, an African-American pilot held hostage in Syria.

April 17, 1986 – Founds the National Rainbow Coalition, a national social justice organization in Washington, DC.

October 10, 1987 Formally announces his candidacy for the 1988 Presidential election.

1992-2000Hosts “Both Sides with Jesse Jackson” on CNN.

September 1996 – Operation Push and the Rainbow Coalition merge to form Rainbow/Operation Push.

May 1, 1999 – Successfully negotiates with Slobodan Milosevic for the release of three US soldiers who had been held in Yugoslavia for more than a month.

August 9, 2000 – Receives the Presidential Medal of Freedom from President Bill Clinton.

January 18, 2001Publicly acknowledges he fathered a daughter out of wedlock in 1999 with Karin Stanford, the former head of Rainbow/PUSH’s Washington bureau.

July 9, 2008 – Apologizes for disparaging comments he made on July 6 about presidential candidate Barack Obama while on a break during an interview with Fox News. Jackson says he was unaware his microphone was still on.

September 2012 – Two Americans serving prison sentences for treason in Gambia are allowed to return to the United States after Jackson makes a face-to-face appeal to President Yahya Jammeh for their release.

October 2013 – Following public pleas from Jackson, Colombia’s FARC guerrillas release Kevin Scott Sutay, who had been captured by FARC guerrillas on June 20, while he was backpacking through Colombia.

August 19, 2014 – Writes an op-ed for USA Today, “There’s a ‘Ferguson’ Near You,” commenting on the shooting death of 18-year-old Michael Brown in Ferguson, Missouri, by local police. Brown’s death sparked protests and a national debate surrounding controversial police encounters.

November 17, 2017 – Announces he has been diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease.

July 12, 2019 – Pens a letter to President Donald Trump urging him to grant a full pardon of former Illinois Governor Rod Blagojevich.

February 18, 2020 – Trump commutes Blagojevich’s sentence.

March 8, 2020 – Endorses Sen. Bernie Sanders for the Democratic presidential nomination.

February 1, 2021 – The Rainbow PUSH Coalition releases a statement saying Jackson is recovering from surgery after being hospitalized for abdominal discomfort.

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Timothy Geithner Fast Facts

CNN Editorial Research

Here is a look at the life of former US Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner.


Birth date: August 18 1961

Birth place: New York New York

Birth name: Timothy Franz Geithner

Father: Peter Geithner international development official

Mother: Deborah (Moore) Geithner

Marriage: Carole (Sonnenfeld) Geithner (June 8 1985-present)

Children: Elise and Benjamin

Education: Dartmouth College B.A. 1983; Johns Hopkins M.A. 1985

Other Facts

Spent several years of his childhood in Africa and Asia including Zambia India and Thailand.

Enjoys fly-fishing skiing basketball and other sports.

Member of the Group of Thirty Consultative Group on International Economic and Monetary Affairs Inc.


1985-1988 – Works at Kissinger Associates an international consulting firm.

1988-2001 – Works at the Department of the Treasury.

1988-1989 International Economist for the Treasury.

1989-1990 – Assistant to the US Financial Services Negotiator.

1990-1991 – Assistant Financial Attaché.

1991-1992 Special Assistant to the Assistant Secretary for International Affairs.

1992-1994Special Assistant to the Under Secretary for International Affairs.

1994-1997 Deputy Assistant Secretary for International Monetary and Financial Policy.

1997Senior Deputy Assistant Secretary International Monetary and Financial Policy.

1997-1998Assistant Secretary for International Affairs.

1998-2001 Undersecretary for International Affairs.

2001- Appointed senior fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations.

2001-2003 Director of Policy Development and Review at the International Monetary Fund.

November 17 2003 – Named president and CEO of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York. In this position he is also the vice-chairman of the Federal Open Market Committee.

2003-2009 – President and CEO of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York.

November 24 2008 – Nominated by US President-elect Barack Obama to be secretary of the Treasury.

January 26 2009-January 25 2013 – Secretary of the Treasury after being confirmed by the Senate 60-34.

August 7 2011 The Obama administration announces that Geithner plans to remain Treasury secretary through the fall of 2012.

January 25 2013Steps down as Treasury secretary.

February 2013 – Returns to the Council on Foreign Relations as a Distinguished Fellow.

March 2014-present – Works in the private sector as president of Warburg Pincus a private equity investing firm.

May 12 2014 – Geithner’s book “Stress Test: Reflections on Financial Crises” is published by Random House.

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John McCain Fast Facts

CNN Editorial Research

Here is a look at the life of US Senator John McCain.


Birth date: August 29 1936

Death date: August 25 2018

Birth place: Panama Canal Zone

Birth name: John Sidney McCain III

Father: John McCain Jr. Navy admiral

Mother: Roberta (Wright) McCain

Marriages: Cindy (Hensley) McCain (May 17 1980-August 25 2018 his death); Carol (Shepp) McCain (1965-1980 divorced)

Children: with Cindy (Hensley) McCain: Bridget James John and Meghan; with Carol (Shepp) McCain: Sidney Andrew (Adopted from her previous marriage) and Douglas (Adopted from her previous marriage)

Education: US Naval Academy 1958

Military service: US Navy 1958-1981 Captain

Religion: Raised Episcopalian

Other Facts

Was awarded the Silver Star the Bronze Star the Legion of Merit a Purple Heart and the Distinguished Flying Cross.

McCain’s father and grandfather were both four-star US Navy admirals. They were the first father and son to achieve this rank.


October 26 1967-March 14 1973 During the Vietnam War McCain is shot down and captured by North Vietnamese forces. He is held as a POW for more than five years.

1977-1981 Navy liaison to the US Senate.

1981 Retires from the US Navy.

1983-1987 US Representative from Arizona’s 1st District.

November 4 1986 Wins the US Senate seat vacated by retiring Senator Barry Goldwater.

1989-1991 Is investigated as being one of five senators called the Keating Five who interfered with regulators on behalf of Charles Keating a financier accused of financial violations and convicted of securities fraud. McCain is cleared but the Senate Ethics Committee decides that McCain showed poor judgment in his efforts for Keating who was a large contributor to McCain’s campaign.

1990s As part of the Senate Select Committee on POW/MIA Affairs McCain works with Democrats including John Kerry on normalizing relations and increasing trade with Vietnam.

November 3 1992 Is reelected to the Senate.

1993 – McCain has a melanoma lesion removed from his left shoulder.

November 3 1998 Is reelected to the Senate.

1999 McCain’s memoir “Faith of My Fathers” is published.

September 27 1999 Formally announces his presidential candidacy while in New Hampshire.

March 9 2000 Suspends his campaign for president.

May 9 2000 Endorses George W. Bush for president.

August 19 2000 – Undergoes more than five hours of surgery to remove two cancerous skin lesions on his temple and upper arm. The melanoma on his left arm is declared Stage 0 but the melanoma removed from McCain’s left lower temple proves invasive though later dissection of dozens of lymph nodes shows no evidence that the cancer had spread.

February 4 2002 – McCain undergoes surgery to remove a skin lesion from the left side of his nose.

September 2002 “Worth the Fighting for: A Memoir” is published.

November 2 2004 Is reelected to the Senate for a fourth term.

February 28 2007 Appears on the “Late Show with David Letterman” and confirms that he will seek the Republican presidential nomination.

April 25 2007 – McCain announces he is running for president.

August 29 2008 Announces that he has selected Governor Sarah Palin of Alaska to be his vice presidential running mate.

September 4 2008 Accepts the Republican nomination for president at the Republican National Convention in St. Paul Minnesota.

November 4 2008 – Loses the presidential election to US Senator Barack Obama.

November 2 2010 Is reelected to the Senate for a fifth term.

August 29 2012 Speaks at the 2012 Republican National Convention in Tampa Florida on his 76th birthday.

May 27 2013 – Meets with rebels in Syria.

August 5 2013 – At President Obama’s request McCain and Sen. Lindsey Graham arrive in Cairo to meet with Egyptian interim leaders and separately with the Muslim Brotherhood leadership.

December 14 2013 – McCain meets with opposition leaders in Kiev Ukraine during protests in the country.

April 6 2015 – Tells NBC News that he has decided to run for reelection in 2016.

November 8 2016 – Wins his sixth term in the US Senate defeating Democrat Ann Kirkpatrick.

February 2017 – Makes an official but unannounced trip to northern Syria to visit US forces.

July 15 2017 – The Mayo Clinic releases a statement saying McCain had a blood clot removed from his left eye on July 14.

July 19 2017 – Mayo Clinic doctors directly involved in the senator’s care tell CNN McCain has been diagnosed with a primary glioblastoma a type of brain tumor. Lab results from last week’s surgery confirmed the presence of brain cancer associated with the blood clot.

July 25 2017 – Returns to the Senate to cast his vote on a procedural step to advance Republicans’ plans to repeal and replace the Affordable Care Act.

July 28 2017 – Just before 2 a.m. ET McCain votes “no” effectively killing his party’s narrowly-crafted Obamacare repeal bill.

April 16 2018 – McCain’s office says that McCain who has been undergoing treatment for a brain cancer diagnosis since late 2017 is hospitalized in stable condition after undergoing surgery for an intestinal infection.

May 22 2018 – McCain’s memoir “The Restless Wave: Good Times Just Causes Great Fights and Other Appreciations” is published.

August 24 2018 – According to a statement by the McCain family McCain has made the decision to discontinue medical treatment.

August 25 2018 – Passes away at the age of 81.

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Dennis Kucinich Fast Facts

CNN Editorial Research

Here is a look at the life of Dennis Kucinich, former Ohio congressman.


Birth date: October 8, 1946

Birth place: Cleveland, Ohio

Birth name: Dennis John Kucinich

Father: Frank Kucinich, a truck driver

Mother: Virginia (Norris) Kucinich

Marriages: Elizabeth (Harper) Kucinich (2005-present); Sandra Kucinich (1977-1986, divorced); Helen Kucinich (divorced)

Children: with Sandra Kucinich-Horn: Jackie

Education: Case Western Reserve University, B.A., 1973, and M.A., 1974

Religion: Roman Catholic

Other Facts

Is a vegan.

Against the war in Iraq and proposed creating a federal department of peace.

Was anti-abortion while in Congress, but in 2002 he changed his position to support a woman’s right to have a legal abortion.

When Kucinich was mayor of Cleveland, the city defaulted on close to $15 million in loans.


1969-1975 – Serves on the Cleveland City Council.

1975-1977 Clerk of the Cleveland Municipal Court.

1977-1979 – Mayor of Cleveland. At 31, he is the youngest person at that time ever elected mayor of a major US city.

1979 – Loses his reelection bid to a Republican candidate.

1983-1985 Serves on the Cleveland City Council.

1994-1996 Ohio State Senator.

1996 – Is elected as a US Representative from Ohio’s 10th District.

February 2003 Files paperwork with the FEC to form a presidential exploratory committee.

October 13, 2003Formally announces his candidacy for president.

July 22, 2004 – Endorses Senator John Kerry for president.

December 12, 2006 Announces he is running for the 2008 Democratic presidential nomination.

2007 Kucinich’s autobiography, “The Courage to Survive,” is published.

January 24, 2008 – Drops out of the presidential race.

November 2010 Elected to his eighth term in the House of Representatives.

January 2011 Settles his $150,000 lawsuit against the House of Representatives cafeteria for serving him an olive with a pit in it in 2008.

March 6, 2012Loses primary to fellow Democrat Marcy Kaptur. Redistricting causes Kaptur and Kucinich to have to face each other.

May 16, 2012 Announces he will retire from Congress at the end of his term, after deciding against relocating to run for Congress in Washington state.

January 2013January 2018 Fox News contributor.

April 2013 – Kucinich joins the Advisory Board of the Ron Paul Institute for Peace and Prosperity.

January 17, 2018 – Announces he is running for governor of Ohio.

May 8, 2018 – Loses the Democratic primary for Ohio’s governor to Richard Cordray.

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Eric Holder Fast Facts

CNN Editorial Research

Here is a look at the life of former US Attorney General Eric Holder.


Birth date: January 21, 1951

Birth place: Bronx, New York

Birth name: Eric Himpton Holder Jr.

Father: Eric Himpton Holder, realtor

Mother: Miriam (Yearwood) Holder

Marriage: Sharon (Malone) Holder (1990-present)

Children: Maya, Brooke and Eric

Education: Columbia College, B.A., 1973; Columbia Law School, J.D., 1976

Other Facts

The first African American US Attorney General.

Member of Barack Obama’s vice presidential selection team.

Is an active member of the national youth mentoring organization Concerned Black Men.


1976-1988 Works for the Department of Justice’s Public Integrity Section.

1988-1993 Associate judge for the Superior Court of the District of Columbia.

1993-1997 – US attorney for the District of Columbia.

1997-2001 – Deputy Attorney General of the United States. He is the first African American to hold this position.

2001-2008 Litigation partner with Covington & Burling LLP.

2007-2008 Senior legal adviser for Obama’s presidential campaign.

December 1, 2008 – President-elect Obama nominates Holder to be attorney general of the United States.

February 2, 2009 Is confirmed by the Senate, 75-21.

February 3, 2009 Is sworn in as attorney general of the United States by Vice President Joe Biden.

February 18, 2009 – In his first major speech since being confirmed, Holder makes a controversial remark calling the United States a “nation of cowards” for not discussing race relations.

October 4, 2011 – The chairman of the House Judiciary Committee calls for an investigation into whether Holder was honest when testifying earlier in the year about his knowledge of Operation Fast and Furious. The controversial operation, run by the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives, was supposed to track weapons purchases by Mexican drug cartels. However, more than 1,000 weapons were lost track of and two lost weapons turned up at the scene of the 2010 murder of US Border Patrol Agent Brian Terry.

October 12, 2011 – The House Oversight and Government Reform Committee issues a subpoena for communications from Holder and other Justice Department officials relating to Operation Fast and Furious.

December 2, 2011 About 1,400 pages of internal documents on Operation Fast and Furious are released by the Justice Department.

June 20, 2012 – President Obama asserts executive privilege over some of the documents sought by the committee investigating Operation Fast and Furious.

June 20, 2012 – The House Oversight and Government Reform Committee recommends that Holder be cited for contempt of Congress for failing to turn over all of the documents relating to the Fast and Furious operation.

June 28, 2012 The House of Representatives votes 255-67 to hold Holder in contempt. This is the first time in US history that the head of the Justice Department has been held in contempt of Congress.

June 29, 2012 The White House announces that Holder will not face criminal prosecution under the contempt of Congress citation. President Obama’s assertion of executive privilege in the case prevents a criminal prosecution.

August 13, 2012 – The House Oversight Committee files a civil contempt lawsuit against Holder, seeking the release of Operation Fast and Furious documents. On January 19, 2016, a federal judge orders the DOJ to release thousands of pages of documents.

February 27, 2014 – Holder is hospitalized after experiencing faintness and shortness of breath.

September 25, 2014 – Holder announces his resignation. He will stay in his post until the confirmation of his successor.

April 24, 2015 – Holder’s last day in office as attorney general.

July 2015 – Holder rejoins the law firm of Covington and Burling, LLP.

October 17, 2016 – It is announced by Politico that Holder will chair the National Democratic Redistricting Committee. The new group will focus on fair congressional redistricting reform for future elections.

October 2018 – Authorities intercept packages with suspected explosives intended for prominent critics of President Donald Trump, including Holder, top political figures and others. The package for Holder is sent to the Florida office of Democratic Rep. Debbie Wasserman Schultz. None of the devices detonated, and no one was injured.

October 26, 2018 – Police arrest Trump supporter Cesar Sayoc, 56, in Plantation, Florida. He is accused of sending at least 16 packages with suspected explosives to several targets, including CNN, former President Obama and former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton. Sayoc is later indicted on 30 counts and pleads not guilty. In August 2019, Sayoc apologizes and pleads guilty. He is sentenced to 20 years in prison.

December 11, 2019 – In a Washington Post opinion piece, Holder writes that “William Barr is unfit to lead the Justice Department.” Holder criticizes Barr for controversial comments that “have been fundamentally inconsistent with his duty to the Constitution.”

October 29, 2020 Holder accuses Republicans of using court challenges to facilitate “cheating” in the 2020 election, and attempting to “suppress the vote all through the process…”There’s a whole range of things that they have done to make it difficult for people who they perceive to be Democrats to cast votes,” Holder tells CNN’s Don Lemon.


John Boehner Fast Facts

CNN Editorial Research

Here is a look at the life of John Boehner, former Speaker of the US House of Representatives.


Birth date: November 17, 1949

Birth place: Cincinnati, Ohio

Birth name: John Andrew Boehner

Father: Earl Henry Boehner, bar owner

Mother: Mary Ann (Hall) Boehner

Marriage: Debbie (Gunlack) Boehner (1973-present)

Children: Lindsay and Tricia

Education: Xavier University, 1977, B.A. in Business

Military: US Navy, honorably discharged for medical reasons, 1969

Religion: Roman Catholic

Other Facts

One of 12 children, he worked his way through college as a janitor. He met his wife, Debbie, during this time.

Avid golfer.


1982 Starts his political career as a township trustee in Union, Ohio.

19841990 Member of the Ohio House of Representatives.

1990 Defeats Gregory Jolivette (D) with 61% of the vote for the US House of Representatives seat.

January 3, 1991-October 31, 2015 – US Representative (Republican from Ohio’s 8th District).

1992 – Defeats Fred Sennett (D) and wins reelection to the US House of Representatives with 71% of the vote.

1994 Runs unopposed and wins reelection to the House.

1996 Runs against Jeffrey Kitchen (D) and wins reelection to the House with 70% of the vote.

1998 – Defeats John Griffin (D) and wins reelection to the House with 71% of the vote.

1998 Files a federal lawsuit against Jim McDermott (D-Washington) for releasing a 1996 illegally taped telephone conversation to the press. According to court transcripts, the recording contained Republican leaders, including Boehner, discussing an ethics case against Newt Gingrich.

2002 and 2004 Runs against Jeff Hardenbrook (D); wins reelection to the House in both elections.

2006 Wins reelection to the House against Mort Meier (D).

February 2006 Is elected House Majority Leader, replacing Tom DeLay (R-Texas).

January 2007January 2011House Minority Leader.

2008 – A US District Court judge rules that Rep. McDermott (D-Washington) owes Boehner more than $1 million in legal fees in their fight over an illegally taped phone call McDermott leaked to the media.

2008 – Defeats Nick Von Stein (D) and wins reelection to the House with 68% of the vote.

2010 – Defeats Justin Coussoule (D) and wins reelection to the House with 66% of the vote.

November 17, 2010 Republicans unanimously pick Boehner to be speaker of the House.

January 5, 2011 – Takes over as Speaker of the House from Nancy Pelosi (D-California).

November 6, 2012 – Wins unopposed reelection to the House.

January 3, 2013 – Is reelected Speaker of the House.

July 30, 2014 – The Republican-led House approves a resolution authorizing Boehner to sue President Barack Obama over claims he abused his powers at the expense of Congress and the Constitution. Initially, he indicated the House would sue over President Obama’s decision to delay a central health law requirement for businesses to provide health coverage to their employees.

November 4, 2014 – Runs against Tom Poetter (D); wins with 67% of the vote.

January 6, 2015 – Boehner is elected to a third term as speaker of the House, after a tense floor vote that saw a remarkably large chunk of his own party attempt to remove him.

September 24, 2015 – After accepting a formal invitation from Boehner, Pope Francis speaks to a joint meeting of Congress.

September 25, 2015 – Boehner announces to House Republicans that he is resigning at the end of October.

October 29, 2015 – Boehner gives his farewell remarks on the floor of the US House of Representatives, as he formally retires from his position as House speaker.

September 15, 2016 – It is announced that Boehner has joined the tobacco company Reynolds American as a director.

September 20, 2016 – Announces he is joining the lobbying firm Squire Patton Boggs as an adviser.

April 11, 2018 – Announces he is joining the board of cannabis company Acreage Holdings.

November 19, 2019 – Boehner’s official portrait is unveiled during a ceremony at the US Capitol.

April 13, 2021 – Boehner’s book “On the House: A Washington Memoir” is published.

CNN-National & Wolrd

Ben Bernanke Fast Facts

CNN Editorial Research

Here’s a look at the life of former Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke.


Birth date: December 13, 1953

Birth place: Augusta, Georgia

Birth name: Ben Shalom Bernanke

Father: Philip Bernanke, a pharmacist

Mother: Edna (Friedman) Bernanke, a substitute teacher

Marriage: Anna (Friedmann) Bernanke (1978-present)

Children: Alyssa, June 21, 1986; Joel, December 5, 1982

Education: Harvard University, B.A. in Economics, 1975 – graduated summa cum laude, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Ph.D. in Economics, 1979

Other Facts

Author of textbooks, scholarly articles and books on a variety of economic issues.

Previously served as the director of the Monetary Economics Program of the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) and as a member of its Business Cycle Dating Committee.


1979-1985 – Associate professor at the Graduate School of Business, Stanford University.

1985-1996 – Professor of Economics and Public Affairs at Princeton University.

1996-2002Chairman of the Princeton University Economics Department and the Howard Harrison and Gabrielle Snyder Beck Professor of Economics and Public Affairs.

2002-2005 – Member of the Board of Governors of the US Federal Reserve System.

June 21, 2005-January 2006 – Chairman of the President’s Council of Economic Advisers.

October 24, 2005 – US President George W. Bush nominates Bernanke to replace Alan Greenspan as the chairman of the Federal Reserve.

January 31, 2006 – Confirmed by the Senate to succeed Greenspan as chairman of the Federal Reserve, Bernanke is appointed to a four-year term as chairman of the Federal Open Market Committee which expires January 31, 2010. He is also appointed to a 14-year term as a member on the Board of the Federal Open Market Committee.

February 1, 2006-January 31, 2014 – Chairman of the Board of Governors of the US Federal Reserve.

August 25, 2009 – US President Barack Obama nominates Bernanke for a second term as chairman of the Federal Reserve.

December 16, 2009 – Named Time’s Person of the Year.

January 28, 2010 – Is confirmed by the US Senate for a second four-year term by a vote of 70-30.

February 3, 2014 – Janet Yellen is sworn in as his successor as head of the Federal Reserve. Bernanke joins the Brookings Institution’s Economic Studies program as a Distinguished Fellow in Residence.

April 16, 2015 – The New York Times reports that Bernanke has been hired by the hedge fund Citadel LLC as adviser.

April 29, 2015 – Pimco says it’s hiring Bernanke as senior adviser.

October 2015 – Bernanke’s memoir, “The Courage to Act: A Memoir of a Crisis and its Aftermath,” is published.

2015-2016 – Vice president of the American Economic Association.

2017-2019 – President of the American Economic Association.

June 16, 2020 – Bernanke, Yellen, and over 150 economists sign a letter published by the Washington Center for Equitable Growth asking Congress to provide additional economic relief in response to Covid-19.

July 17, 2020 – Bernanke and Yellen testify in a remote hearing with the House of Representatives Select Subcommittee on the Coronavirus Crisis, urging for further congressional relief.

CNN-National & Wolrd

Elena Kagan Fast Facts

CNN Editorial Research

Here’s a look at the life of Associate Supreme Court Justice Elena Kagan. She is the fourth woman to serve on the US Supreme Court.


Birth date: April 28, 1960

Birth place: New York, New York

Birth name: Elena Kagan

Father: Robert Kagan, attorney

Mother: Gloria (Gittelman) Kagan, teacher

Education: Princeton University, A.B., 1981, graduated summa cum laude; Worcester College, Oxford University, M. Phil., 1983; Harvard University, J.D., 1986, graduated magna cum laude

Religion: Jewish

Other Facts

Was editor of the Harvard Law Review and first female dean of Harvard University Law School.

Nicknamed “Shorty” by Thurgood Marshall. He was 6′ 2″; she is 5′ 3″.

Taught at the University of Chicago Law School at the same time as future US President Barack Obama.


1986-1987 – Law clerk for Judge Abner Mikva, US Court of Appeals for the DC Circuit.

1988 Clerk for Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall.

1989-1991 Associate with the DC law firm Williams & Connolly.

1991-1995 University of Chicago Law School professor.

1993 Senator Joe Biden appoints Kagan as the special counsel of the Senate Judiciary Committee. During this time Kagan works on Ruth Bader Ginsberg’s Supreme Court confirmation hearings.

1995-1996 Associate Counsel to US President Bill Clinton.

1997-1999 Deputy Assistant to President Clinton for domestic policy. Kagan is also deputy director of the Domestic Policy Council.

1999 – Clinton nominates Kagan to the US Court of Appeals. Hearings are never scheduled, and the nomination lapses.

1999-2003 Harvard Law School professor.

April 3, 2003-March 20, 2009 Dean of Harvard University Law School.

January 26, 2009 Obama names Kagan to be US solicitor general.

March 19, 2009 Confirmed by the US Senate 61-31 to become the first woman to serve as US solicitor general, despite opposition by over 75% of Republican senators.

May 10, 2010 Obama nominates Kagan to be a justice on the US Supreme Court.

June 28, 2010 Kagan’s Senate confirmation hearings begin.

July 20, 2010 The Senate Judiciary Committee votes 13-6 to send her nomination to the full Senate for consideration.

August 5, 2010 The Senate confirms Kagan as an associate justice of the US Supreme Court.

August 7, 2010 Kagan is sworn in as the 112th Supreme Court Justice.

January 23, 2012 The Supreme Court denies a request from Freedom Watch, a political advocacy group, that Kagan should recuse herself from the upcoming appeals over the constitutionality of health care reform. Kagan served as the Obama administration’s top government lawyer handling appeals to the Supreme Court when the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act was passed.

June 22, 2015 – The Supreme Court rules in favor of Marvel Entertainment against Stephen Kimble in a case that dealt with patent fees. The opinion of the court written by Justice Elena Kagan, includes several references to Spider-Man.

March 7, 2019 – Kagan appears before House lawmakers to voice the court’s entrenched opposition to televising oral arguments. She acknowledges benefits to the public seeing the nation’s highest court at work, but tells a House Appropriations subcommittee that, “If seeing [the court] came at the expense of the way the institution functioned that would be a very bad bargain. And I do worry that cameras might come at that expense.”

June 21, 2019 – Kagan says that a 5-4 opinion that broke along ideological lines “smashes a hundred-plus years of legal rulings to smithereens.” The case addressed when property owners can sue the government to claim its actions were an unconstitutional “taking.” Under existing Supreme Court precedent, the plaintiff couldn’t sue to challenge the taking until the state was given a chance to pay just compensation. The new decision holds that the plaintiff can sue in federal court as soon as the taking occurs. In her dissent Kagan says, “when a theory requires declaring precedent after precedent after precedent wrong, that’s a sign the theory itself may be wrong.”

June 27, 2019 – Reads a dissent following the 5-4 decision that gerrymandering is beyond the reach of the court. “The practices challenged in these cases imperil our system of government. Part of the Court’s role in that system is to defend its foundations. None is more important than free and fair elections.”

October 8, 2020 – Kagan denies a request from Republicans to block Montana Governor Steve Bullock’s directive allowing counties to send mail-in ballots to all registered voters amidst the coronavirus pandemic.


Haley Barbour Fast Facts

CNN Editorial Research

Here is a look at the life of former Mississippi Governor Haley Barbour.


Birth date: October 22, 1947

Birth place: Yazoo City, Mississippi

Birth name: Haley Reeves Barbour

Father: Jeptha F. Barbour Jr., attorney

Mother: Grace LeFlore (Johnson) Barbour

Marriage: Marsha (Dickson) Barbour (1971-present)

Children: Sterling and Haley Reeves Jr. (goes by “Reeves”)

Education: University of Mississippi, J.D., 1973

Religion: Presbyterian

Other Facts

Barbour was widely commended for his response in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina in 2005.

He downplayed the effects of the 2010 BP oil spill on the Mississippi coast, and encouraged tourists to visit.

Was the valedictorian of the class of 1965 at Yazoo City High School.

His great-great-great-great grandfather, Walter Leake, was Mississippi’s third governor and one of Mississippi’s first two US senators.


1968 – Leaves the University of Mississippi to work as a field organizer for Richard Nixon’s presidential campaign.

1969-1970 Works as director of the Mississippi state census.

1973-1976Serves as executive director of the Mississippi Republican Party.

1976 – Southeastern coordinator for Gerald Ford’s presidential campaign.

1981-1993 Partner in the law firm Henry, Barbour & Decell.

1982 – Runs for a US Senate seat but is defeated by incumbent Democrat John Stennis.

1984Joins the Republican National Committee.

1985-1986 – US President Ronald Reagan’s special assistant for political affairs.

1986 – Reagan’s deputy assistant for political affairs.

1986 – Founds Barbour, Griffith & Rogers, a lobbying firm with offices in Washington, DC, and Yazoo City, Mississippi.

1988 – Serves as a campaign adviser for the presidential campaign of George H.W. Bush.

1993-1997 Serves as the chairman of the Republican National Committee. During his two terms, Republicans win control of both the House and the Senate, for the first time in four decades.

1996His book: “Agenda for America: A Republican Direction for the Future,” is published.

November 4, 2003 – Is elected governor of Mississippi and becomes only the second Republican governor elected since 1876, during the Reconstruction era.

January 13, 2004-January 10, 2012 – Republican Governor of Mississippi.

November 6, 2007 – Is reelected governor.

2009Becomes chairman of the Republican Governors Association after South Carolina Governor Mark Sanford resigns.

January 10, 2012 – State documents show that in his last days in office, Barbour granted full pardons for 199 people, including 14 convicted murderers.

January 11, 2011 – During his final State of the State speech as governor, Barbour proposes that a civil rights museum be built in Mississippi.

January 2012 Barbour joins the Mississippi law firm Butler, Snow, O’Mara, Stevens and Cannada, PLLC, and returns to the lobbying firm he co-founded in 1991, renamed BGR Group.

January 11, 2012Judge Tomie Green issues an injunction temporarily blocking the release of 21 inmates pardoned by Barbour.

March 8, 2012 – In a 6-3 ruling, the Mississippi Supreme Court finds Barbour’s pardons “may not be set aside or voided by the judicial branch.”

September 1, 2015 – Barbour’s memoir, “American’s Great Storm: Leading through Hurricane Katrina,” is published.

January 30, 2018 – The Associated Press reports that Barbour was arrested January 2 after trying to pass through security at the Jackson-Medgar Wiley Evers International Airport with a loaded handgun. Barbour says he did not know the weapon was still in his possession and that he will pay a fine.