CNN-National & Wolrd

Tim Cook Fast Facts

CNN Editorial Research

Here’s a look at the life of Apple Chief Executive Officer Tim Cook.


Birth date: November 1, 1960

Birth place: Robertsdale, Alabama

Birth name: Timothy Donald Cook

Father: Donald Cook, shipyard worker

Mother: Geraldine Cook

Education: Auburn University, B.S., 1982; Duke University, M.B.A., 1988

Other Facts

Served on the Board of Directors for Robert F. Kennedy Human Rights.


1982 – Joins IBM.

1994 – Leaves IBM to join Intelligent Electronics as their chief operating officer of the Reseller Division.

1997 Leaves Intelligent Electronics to join Compaq as vice president of Corporate Materials.

March 1998 – Leaves Compaq after only six months to join Apple when Steve Jobs offers him a position.

1998-2002 – Senior vice president of worldwide operations at Apple.

2000-2002 – Senior vice president of worldwide operations, sales, service and support at Apple.

2002-2005 – Executive vice president, worldwide sales and operations at Apple.

2004 Becomes the head of the Macintosh hardware engineering team.

October 14, 2005 – Jobs names Cook chief operating officer of Apple.

November 2005 Becomes a member of Nike’s board of directors.

2009 Is named interim CEO of Apple during Jobs’ leave of absence to receive a liver transplant.

January 2011 – Is named interim CEO while Jobs takes an extended medical leave.

August 2011 Is named CEO after Jobs resigns.

February 11, 2013 – Attends the State of the Union address as a guest of First Lady Michelle Obama.

December 10, 2013 – Cook receives a lifetime achievement award from Auburn University. During his acceptance speech, he speaks out on the issue of gay rights and says, “Now is the time to write these basic principles of human dignity into the book of law.”

October 30, 2014 – Acknowledges he is gay in an op-ed published by Bloomberg Businessweek.

February 16, 2016 – In a public letter, Cook warns that complying with a judge’s order to help the FBI break into the iPhone of deceased San Bernardino shooter Syed Farook would entail building “a backdoor to the iPhone” — “something we consider too dangerous to create.” The letter calls for a public discussion on the order, saying Apple is “challenging the FBI’s demands with the deepest respect for American democracy and a love of our country.”

June 19, 2017 – Cook and other tech chief executives meet with President Donald Trump’s American Technology Council, which was created by executive order in May.

February 13, 2019 – It is announced that Cook has joined Trump’s American Workforce Policy Advisory Board, which was created by executive order.

July 29, 2020 – Cook, Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos, CEO of Google‘s parent company Sundar Pichai and Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg all testify before a House subcommittee on anti-trust to address concerns that their businesses may be harming competition.

CNN-National & Wolrd

US Terrorist Attacks Fast Facts

CNN Editorial Research

Here is a look at notable terror attacks with fatalities on US soil since 1980.

1978-1995 – Three people die and 23 others are wounded after a string of mail bombings carried out by Ted Kaczynski. “The Unabomber,” as he is also known, is serving eight life sentences for murder. He was not charged with terrorism, but the string of bombings is considered to be a terror case.

February 26, 1993 A bomb explodes in the underground parking garage at the World Trade Center in New York. Six people are killed and more than 1,000 people are treated for injuries. Six suspects are convicted of participating in the bombing. The seventh suspect, Abdul Rahman Yasin, is still at large.

April 19, 1995 – A bomb rips through the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, killing 168 people and injuring almost 700. Timothy McVeigh is convicted on federal murder charges in 1997, and he is executed in 2001.

July 27, 1996 – A bomb explodes in Centennial Olympic Park in Atlanta during the Summer Olympics. One person is killed, another dies from a heart attack and more than 100 others are injured. Bombing suspect Eric Robert Rudolph is arrested in North Carolina in 2003, after being indicted in 2000 for the Atlanta bombing and for other bombings, including one at an abortion clinic where one person died. Rudolph is serving four consecutive sentences of life in prison plus 120 years for the attacks.

September 11, 2001 Nineteen al Qaeda members hijack four US passenger airliners. Two are flown into the World Trade Center towers in New York, one crashes into the Pentagon and another crashes into the Pennsylvania countryside after passengers attempt to wrest control of the aircraft to prevent an attack on the US Capitol. At the World Trade Center site 2,753 people are killed; 184 at the Pentagon; and 40 in Shanksville, Pennsylvania. A total of 2,977 people are killed.

April 15, 2013 – Twin bomb blasts explode near the finish line of the Boston Marathon, killing three and wounding at least 264. One suspect, Tamerlan Tsarnaev, is killed in an encounter with police. His brother, suspect Dzhokhar Tsarnaev, is captured. He is formally sentenced to the death penalty on June 24, 2015.

July 16, 2015 – Mohammad Abdulazeez opens fire on a military recruiting center and a Naval reserve facility in Chattanooga, Tennessee, killing four US Marines and a Navy sailor. Abdulazeez dies in a gunfight with law enforcement. FBI Director James Comey later says Abdulazeez’s actions were “motivated by foreign terrorist organization propaganda,” adding that it’s difficult to determine which terrorist group may have inspired him.

December 2, 2015 – Married couple Syed Rizwan Farook and Tashfeen Malik open fire on a holiday party taking place at Inland Regional Center in San Bernardino, California, killing 14 people. Farook and Malik are killed in a shootout with police. Investigators believe the couple was self-radicalized.

June 12, 2016 – Omar Mateen, an American-born man who’d pledged allegiance to ISIS, kills 49 people and wounds others in a shooting spree at a gay nightclub in Orlando, the second-deadliest mass shooting in recent US history and the nation’s worst terror attack since 9/11. Police shoot and kill Mateen inside the club.

August 12, 2017 – One person is killed and 19 are injured when a speeding car slams into a throng of counterprotesters in Charlottesville, Virginia, where a “Unite the Right” rally of white nationalists and other far right organizations was coordinated to protest the city’s decision to remove a statue of Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee. The driver, James Alex Fields Jr., is convicted by a Virginia jury of first-degree murder and nine other charges in December 2018, and pleads guilty to 29 federal hate crimes in March 2019. Fields is later sentenced to life in prison by both a Virginia state judge and a federal judge, with the two sentences running consecutively.

October 31, 2017 – Eight people are killed and almost a dozen injured when a 29-year-old man in a rented pickup truck drives down a busy bicycle path near the World Trade Center in New York. The suspect is identified as Sayfullo Habibullaevic Saipov. Saipov is later charged with 28 counts, including eight counts of murder, 18 counts of attempted murder, and other terrorism charges.

August 3, 2019 – Twenty-two people are killed in El Paso, Texas, after a mass shooting at a Walmart store in a case that’s being treated as domestic terrorism. Police say they found an anti-immigrant document espousing white nationalist and racist views, which they believe was written by the suspect, 21-year-old Patrick Crusius. Crusius is later charged with capital murder and also federal hate crime and federal firearm charges.

December 6, 2019 – A gunman opens fire on a Naval air station in Pensacola, Florida, killing three US sailors. The shooter, identified as Mohammed Alshamrani, a 21-year-old second lieutenant in the Royal Saudi Air Force and a student naval flight officer, is killed in an exchange of gunfire with two deputies. During a news conference on January 13, 2020, Attorney General William Barr says the shooting was an act of terrorism motivated by “jihadist ideology.” The FBI announces on May 18, 2020, information retrieved from the killer’s phone indicate he was a longtime associate of al Qaeda who had communicated with operatives from the group as recently as the night before the shooting.

December 10, 2019 – Two shooters attack a Kosher grocery store in Jersey City, New Jersey, killing three people inside the shop. New Jersey Attorney General Gurbir S. Grewal later says the killings are being investigated as domestic terrorism, “fueled by both anti-Semitism and anti-law enforcement beliefs.” Before committing the murders at the store, the shooters killed a police detective near a Jersey City cemetery. The shooters, David N. Anderson, 47, and Francine Graham, 50, die in a standoff with police.

CNN-National & Wolrd

Toni Morrison Fast Facts

CNN Editorial Research

Here’s a look at the life of Pulitzer and Nobel Prize winning author Toni Morrison.


Birth date: February 18, 1931

Death date: August 5, 2019

Birth place: Lorain, Ohio

Birth name: Chloe Anthony Wofford

Father: George Wofford

Mother: Ella Ramah (Willis) Wofford

Marriage: Harold Morrison (1958-1964, divorced)

Children: Slade and Harold Ford

Education: Howard University, B.A., 1953; Cornell University, M.A., 1955

Other Facts

Is the first African-American woman to win a Nobel Prize.

Wrote the libretto for the opera “Margaret Garner,” which premiered in 2005.


1955-1957 – Teaches at Texas Southern University.

1957-1964 – Teaches at Howard University.

1963-1983Works as an editor at Random House.

1970“The Bluest Eye” is published.

1973 “Sula” is published.

1977“Song of Solomon” is published.

1981 “Tar Baby” is published.

1984 –1989 – Serves as the Albert Schweitzer Professor of the Humanities at the State University of New York in Albany.

1987“Beloved” is published.

1988 – Is awarded the Pulitzer Prize for “Beloved.”

1989-2006Serves as the Robert F. Goheen Chair in the Council of the Humanities at Princeton University.

1993 – Is awarded a Nobel Prize in Literature.

1998 The film version of “Beloved,” starring Oprah Winfrey and Danny Glover, is released.

2000 Is awarded the National Humanities Medal.

2001 Is given the Pell Award for Lifetime Achievement in the Arts.

2001 Is given the Enoch Pratt Free Library Lifetime Literary Achievement Award.

2004 “Remember: The Journey to School Integration” is published.

2004 Is awarded the NAACP Image Award for Outstanding Literary Work-Fiction for “Love.”

2005 – Is given the Coretta Scott King Award for “Remember: The Journey to School Integration.”

2010 – Morrison’s son Slade dies from pancreatic cancer.

May 2012 – Is awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Barack Obama.

2013 – Wins the NYC Literary Honors for Fiction.

April 2015 – Morrison is announced as the 2016 Charles Eliot Norton Professor of Poetry at Harvard University.

2017 – “The Origin of Others” is published.

2018 – Oprah Winfrey presents Morrison with The Center for Fiction’s “Lifetime of Excellence in Fiction” honor.

2019 – The documentary “Toni Morrison: The Pieces I Am” premieres at the Sundance Film Festival.

August 5, 2019 – Morrison dies at Montefiore Medical Center in New York.

CNN-National & Wolrd

Michael Collins Fast Facts

CNN Editorial Research

Here’s a look at the life of astronaut Michael Collins.


Birth date: October 31, 1930

Death date: April 28, 2021

Birth place: Rome, Italy

Birth name: Michael Collins

Father: James Lawton Collins, a US Army Major General

Mother: Virginia (Stewart) Collins

Marriage: Patricia M. (Finnegan) Collins (April 28, 1957-April 19, 2014, her death)

Children: Michael, Ann and Kathleen

Education: United States Military Academy at West Point, B.S., 1952; Harvard University, Advanced Management Program, 1974

Military Service: US Air Force, 1952-1970, Major General

Other Facts

Collins completed two space flights during his career, logging 266 hours in space – 1 hour and 27 minutes of this was spacewalking.

Said he believes that extraterrestrials do exist, telling the New York Daily News in 1999: “It seems to me the height of arrogance to say that our little stupid sun off in one obscure corner of an odd galaxy called the Milky Way should be the only one in the whole universe capable of developing what we sometimes refer to as intelligent life.”

Nominated for the Emmy for “Outstanding Cinematography for a Nonfiction Program” at the 72nd Emmy Awards for the CNN documentary “Apollo 11,” which utilizes footage he lensed during his 1969 space mission.


1960-1963 Navy test pilot at Edwards Air Force Base.

October 17, 1963 – Collins is part of the third group of men selected by NASA to be astronauts.

July 18-21, 1966 Part of the Gemini 10 2-man crew, with John Young. The mission lasts almost three days and completes 43 orbits of Earth. Gemini 10 docks with another ship and Collins becomes the third American to walk in space.

July 16-July 24, 1969 Command Module Pilot of the Apollo 11 mission. He remains on board the Columbia in lunar orbit while Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin explore the Moon’s surface on July 20.

1969 Receives the Presidential Medal of Freedom.

1970 Retires from NASA.

1970-1971 Assistant Secretary of State for Public Affairs.

1971-1978Director of the Smithsonian Institution’s National Air and Space Museum.

1980-1985 Vice President, LTV Aerospace & Defense Company.

1985 – Founds Michael Collins Associates, a Washington, DC aerospace consulting firm, and is inducted into the National Aviation Hall of Fame.

March 19, 1993 – Is inducted into the US Astronaut Hall of Fame.

July 20, 1994 – Joins President Bill Clinton and other astronauts at a White House ceremony to commemorate the 25th anniversary of the Apollo 11 mission.

July 21, 2004 – Joins President George W. Bush at a White House ceremony with Aldrin and Armstrong marking the 35th anniversary of the Apollo 11 mission.

September 7, 2007 “In the Shadow of the Moon,” a documentary on the Apollo 11 mission is released.

November 16, 2011 Receives the Congressional Gold Medal for Distinguished Astronauts along with Armstrong, Aldrin and John Glenn.

July 22, 2014 – Meets with President Barack Obama and Aldrin at the White House to celebrate the 45th anniversary of the Apollo 11 mission.

July 19, 2019 – Collins, Aldrin, and relatives of Armstrong meet with President Donald Trump at the White House to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the Apollo 11 mission.

2020 – Smithsonian’s National Air and Space Museum rename their awards for Lifetime and Current Achievement to the Michael Collins Trophy. The annual award is presented to acknowledge both past and present achievements in aerospace, science and technology.

April 28, 2021 – Collins dies at age 90 after battling cancer.

CNN-National & Wolrd

Elizabeth Smart Fast Facts

CNN Editorial Research

Here’s a look at the life of Elizabeth Smart, children’s advocate and kidnapping survivor.


Birth date: November 3, 1987

Birth name: Elizabeth Ann Smart

Father: Ed Smart, real-estate and mortgage broker

Mother: Lois Smart

Marriage: Matthew Gilmour (February 18, 2012-present)

Children: Olivia, November 2018; James, April 2017; Chloe, February 2015

Education: Attended Brigham Young University.

Other Facts

According to books and news stories, immediately after her abduction, Smart was kept at a campsite a few miles from her home. She was sometimes tethered to a tree or hidden in a hole. She once heard her uncle calling for her, but was unable to answer.

She met her husband when they were on missionary assignments in Paris.


June 5, 2002 – Fourteen-year-old Smart is abducted from the bedroom of her home in Salt Lake City, Utah, by Brian David Mitchell and Wanda Eileen Barzee. Her younger sister, Mary Katherine Smart, is the only witness.

July 24, 2002 Mitchell allegedly attempts to kidnap Smart’s cousin, Jessica Wright, but is unsuccessful.

October 2002 Mary Katherine Smart tells her parents that she believes the kidnapper might have been a man named “Immanuel” who worked at their home for one day in November of 2001.

October 2002-March 2003 Mitchell and Barzee take Smart to San Diego where they camp out and panhandle.

February 3, 2003 Police release a sketch of the drifter, “Immanuel.”

February 2003 The sketch and information is profiled on the TV program “America’s Most Wanted.”

March 12, 2003 Smart is found alive, walking down a street with Mitchell and Barzee in Sandy, Utah, five miles from her home.

March 18, 2003 Both Mitchell and Barzee are charged with six felony counts, including aggravated burglary, aggravated kidnapping, aggravated sexual assault and two charges for allegedly trying to break into the home of Smart’s cousin.

April 30, 2003 Smart and her family meet with President George W. Bush at the White House. Bush signs a child protection bill encouraging states to establish Amber Alert systems to quickly post information about child abductions.

October 24, 2003 Smart appears in her first televised interview. Katie Couric, of NBC, speaks with her in an hour-long, primetime program.

October 28, 2003 – The book, “Bringing Elizabeth Home: A Journey of Faith and Hope,” a collaboration between Smart, her father and author Laura Morton, is published.

November 9, 2003 CBS airs “The Elizabeth Smart Story,” a TV movie about Smart’s ordeal from the point-of-view of her parents.

January 9, 2004 Barzee is found incompetent to stand trial and is sent to Utah State Hospital for further review.

September 2, 2004 Mitchell pleads not guilty to kidnapping and five other charges.

February 16, 2005 Mitchell is removed from the courtroom for singing during a competency hearing.

July 26, 2005 A judge rules that Mitchell is mentally incompetent to stand trial. He is sent to Utah State Hospital.

December 18, 2006 Mitchell is again found mentally unfit to stand trial after screaming outbursts in the courtroom.

March 7, 2008 A federal grand jury indicts Mitchell and Barzee with one count of unlawful transportation of a minor across state lines and one count of interstate kidnapping.

May 21, 2008 Smart and four other kidnapping survivors publish a Department of Justice pamphlet, “You’re Not Alone: The Journey from Abduction to Empowerment.”

October 24, 2008 US Magistrate Judge Samuel Alba enters a not guilty plea on behalf of Mitchell. Mitchell is removed from the courtroom after he begins singing hymns.

September 28, 2009 A US District Court judge rules that Smart can testify about her kidnapping and ordeal with Mitchell.

October 1, 2009 Smart testifies against Mitchell in a hearing to determine his competency.

November 17, 2009 Barzee pleads guilty to kidnapping and unlawful transportation of a minor and agrees to cooperate in state and federal cases against Mitchell.

May 21, 2010 Barzee is sentenced to 15 years in prison.

November 1, 2010 Mitchell’s trial on kidnapping charges begins.

November 8-10, 2010 Smart testifies against Mitchell, describing her nine months of captivity.

December 10, 2010 Jurors find Mitchell guilty of kidnapping and the unlawful transportation of a minor with intent to engage in sexual activity.

May 25, 2011 US District Judge Kimball sentences Mitchell to life in prison.

2011 – Smart establishes the Elizabeth Smart Foundation to help promote the “Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force” organized for law enforcement agencies.

July 7, 2011 ABC News announces that it has hired Smart as a contributor to comment on missing persons cases.

February 18, 2012 – Smart marries Matthew Gilmour at a Mormon temple on the Hawaiian island of Oahu.

October 7, 2013 – Smart’s memoir, “My Story,” is published.

March 27, 2018 – Smart’s book, “Where There’s Hope: Healing, Moving Forward, and Never Giving Up,” is published.

September 11, 2018 – The Utah Board of Pardons and Parole announces that Barzee will be released on September 19, 2018, because her time in federal custody must be counted toward her state sentence. Barzee wasn’t expected to be released for another five years.

September 19, 2018 – Barzee is released from prison. Under the conditions of her release, she must register as a sex offender and participate in a mental health treatment program.

February 6, 2020 – Smart tells Gayle King of “CBS This Morning” that she is launching a self-defense initiative called Smart Defense after she says she was assaulted on a flight to Utah last summer. The program, designed by mixed martial arts and law enforcement experts, “empowers women and girls with confidence and self-defense skills to prevent, ward off, and fight back against sexual assault in a safe, controlled environment,” according to the Elizabeth Smart Foundation website.

CNN-National & Wolrd

Robert Blake Fast Facts

CNN Editorial Research

Here is a look at the life of Emmy-award winning actor Robert Blake.


Birth date: September 18, 1933

Birth place: Nutley, New Jersey

Birth name: Michael James Gubitosi

Father: James Gubitosi

Mother: Elizabeth Gubitosi

Marriages: Pamela Hudak (March 2017-December 7, 2018, divorced); Bonny Lee Bakley (November 15, 2000-May 4, 2001, her death); Sondra Kerry (November 25, 1961-September 12, 1983, divorced)

Children: with Bonny Lee Bakley: Rose, June 2000; with Sondra Kerry: Delinah, August 1966; Noah, February 1965

Military: US Army

Other Facts

American actor best known for his Emmy winning role in the 1970s TV program “Baretta.”

Won acclaim for his portrayal of murderer Perry King in the movie “In Cold Blood,” based on the book by Truman Capote.

He played Mickey in the “Our Gang” comedies in the 1930s and 1940s.

Nominated for four Emmy Awards and won one.


1939 Appears as Mickey, one of the Little Rascals, in the “Our Gang” movie shorts.

1939-1942 Works under the name Mickey Gubitosi.

1942 First movie released as Bobby Blake, “Mokey.”

December 14, 1967 Stars in the movie “In Cold Blood.”

1975 Wins an Emmy for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Drama Series, for “Baretta.”

May 4, 2001 Robert Blake’s wife, Bonny Lee Bakley, is found shot in the head in his car, a 1991 Dodge Stealth, after eating at Vitello’s, a neighborhood restaurant. Blake says that the murder occurred while he had briefly returned to the restaurant.

April 18 & 22, 2002 Blake is arrested for first degree murder with special circumstances and two counts of solicitation of murder. Blake pleads not guilty at his arraignment.

April 29, 2002 Administrators of Bakley’s estate file a wrongful death suit against Blake. The suit seeks unspecified damages on behalf of Bakley’s four children, including their young daughter, Rose.

March 16, 2005 Blake is acquitted of murder and one count of solicitation of murder. The second solicitation count is dismissed by the judge after the jury deadlocked.

November 18, 2005 Blake is found liable in the wrongful death civil trial brought by Bakley’s children, and is ordered to pay $30 million in damages to her family.

February 2006 – Files for bankruptcy.

February 28, 2007 Lawyers appeal the $30 million wrongful death verdict.

April 25, 2008 The 2nd District Court of Appeal in Los Angeles upholds the wrongful death verdict. However, the court halves the money awarded to Bakley’s family, from $30 million to $15 million.

May 6, 2008 Blake appeals to the court to reduce the $15 million judgment, which is denied.

June 9, 2008 – Blake’s attorney files a petition for civil case review with the California Supreme Court.

July 16, 2008 – The California Supreme Court refuses to review Blake’s appeal.

December 2011 Self-publishes his memoir, “Tales of a Rascal: What I Did for Love.”

July 12, 2012 During an interview with CNN’s Piers Morgan, Blake rants when questioned about his ex-wife’s murder, and accuses Morgan of calling him a liar.

CNN-National & Wolrd

Steve Ballmer Fast Facts

CNN Editorial Research

Here is a look at the life of Steve Ballmer, former CEO of Microsoft.


Birth date: March 24, 1956

Birth place: Detroit, Michigan

Birth name: Steven Anthony Ballmer

Father: Fred Ballmer, manager for Ford Motor Co.

Mother: Bea (Dworkin) Ballmer

Marriage: Connie Snyder (1990-present)

Children: three sons

Education: Harvard University, B.A., 1977, double major in Mathematics and Economics; Attended Stanford University Graduate School of Business, 1979-1980

Other Facts

Became friends with Bill Gates while at Harvard University.

Worked for Procter & Gamble as assistant product manager before Microsoft.

Met his wife, Connie Snyder, while both were working at Microsoft.


1980 – Begins his Microsoft career as a business manager and is the company’s 24th employee.

July 1998-February 2001 President of Microsoft.

January 13, 2000 Is named chief executive officer when Bill Gates steps down to concentrate on philanthropy.

February 4, 2014 – Steps down as Microsoft CEO.

May 29, 2014 – Ballmer signs a binding agreement to buy the Los Angeles Clippers for $2 billion from the Sterling family trust.

August 12, 2014 – Ballmer becomes the official owner of the NBA’s Los Angeles Clippers, according to Ballmer’s attorney, Adam Streisand. The negotiated $2 billion sale price is a record for an NBA team.

August 19, 2014 – Steps down from the Microsoft board of directors in order to concentrate on the Clippers.

October 16, 2015 – Announces he has bought a 4% stake in Twitter during the past few months, becoming one of its largest shareholders.

2015 – The Ballmers found the Ballmer Group, a philanthropic organization focusing on civic activism and economic mobility.

June 4, 2016 – Along with Brandt Vaughan, founds USAFacts Institute. Ballmer later describes the work of the institute as creating a “10-K for the government,” according to a Bloomberg interview.

CNN-National & Wolrd

Hugh Hefner Fast Facts

CNN Editorial Research

Here’s a look at the life of the Hugh Hefner, the founder and longtime editor-in-chief of Playboy Magazine.


Birth date: April 9, 1926

Death date: September 27, 2017

Birth place: Chicago, Illinois

Birth name: Hugh Marston Hefner

Father: Glenn Hefner, accountant

Mother: Grace (Swanson) Hefner, teacher

Marriages: Crystal Harris (December 31, 2012-September 27, 2017, his death); Kimberley Conrad (July 1, 1989-September 2009, divorced); Mildred Williams (June 25, 1949-1959, divorced)

Children: with Kimberley Conrad: Cooper Bradford, 1991; Marston Glenn, 1990; with Mildred Williams: David Paul, 1955; Christie Ann, 1952

Education: Attended the Art Institute of Chicago, 1946; University of Illinois, B.A., Psychology, 1949; Attended Northwestern University, 1949

Military service: US Army, 1944-1946

Other Facts

The first issue of Playboy had no date in case there wasn’t a second issue.

The Playboy message appeared in the 1953 premiere issue: “We like our apartment. We enjoy mixing up cocktails and an hors d’oeuvre or two, putting a little mood music on the phonograph and inviting in a female acquaintance for a quiet discussion on Picasso, Nietzsche, jazz, sex…”

Was a proponent of Viagra.

An avid film buff, Hefner screened new and classic movies at the mansion every week.

Had an endangered rabbit named after him, Sylvilagus palustris hefneri. The Playboy Foundation helped fund the study of this rabbit found only in the Florida Keys.

Held a Guinness World Record for the longest career as an editor-in-chief for the same magazine.


1951-1952 – Copywriter for Esquire magazine.

1952-1953 – Begins working on his idea for Playboy with about $8,000 in personal capital and investments from friends and relatives.

December 1953 – The first issue of Playboy magazine hits the newsstands, selling for 50 cents. It features a nude calendar photo of Marilyn Monroe and sells more than 50,000 copies.

December 1959 – Buys the first Playboy Mansion in Chicago.

1959-1960 – Host of the television program, “Playboy’s Penthouse.”

February 29, 1960 – The first Playboy Club opens in Chicago.

June 4, 1963 – Is arrested on charges of publishing and circulating obscene literature, for the June issue featuring Jayne Mansfield.

December 7, 1963 – The jury is dismissed after it deadlocks 7-5, resulting in an acquittal in Hefner’s obscenity trial.

1965-1989 – Buys the 37-story Palmolive Building in Chicago. The renamed Playboy Building houses the executive offices for HMH Publishing and Playboy Clubs International.

1968-1970 – Co-host of the television program, “Playboy After Dark.”

1971 – Buys the Playboy Mansion West in Holmby Hills, California.

1971 – Monthly circulation of Playboy hits seven million issues, the same year the company goes public.

1972 – The first overseas edition of Playboy magazine is launched in Germany.

1975 – His daughter, Christie, joins the company as special assistant to the chairman.

1980 – Receives a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for his efforts championing the reconstruction of the Hollywood sign.

1982 – Christie Hefner is named president of Playboy Enterprises, Inc.

March 1985 – Suffers a mild stroke.

1988 – Hefner steps down as chairman and CEO and Christie takes control. He remains active in various editorial duties, including choosing the Playmate of the Month. Christie serves as CEO until 2009.

1989 – Playboy Enterprises moves to smaller offices on Chicago’s Lake Shore Drive.

1992 – Purchases the crypt next to Marilyn Monroe’s in the Westwood Village Memorial Park cemetery for $75,000.

1992 – Donates $100,000 to the University of Southern California to fund a course, Censorship in Cinema.

1995 – Donates $1.5 million to the University of Southern California to endow the Hugh M. Hefner Chair for the Study of American Film.

April 1998 – Is inducted into the American Society of Magazine Editors Hall of Fame.

August 7, 2005-August 8, 2010 – “The Girls Next Door” airs. The cable reality series stars Hefner and his three girlfriends Holly, Bridget and Kendra.

November 2007 – The University of Southern California’s School of Cinematic Arts receives a $2 million donation from Hefner.

March 5, 2009-April 10, 2009 – Guest curator at the UCLA Film & Television Archive’s Humphrey Bogart retrospective.

December 24, 2010 – Proposes to Crystal Harris, 24, Playboy’s December 2009 Playmate of the Month.

June 14, 2011 – Hefner reports on Twitter “The wedding is off. Crystal has had a change of heart.” The ceremony was scheduled for June 18 at the mansion.

October 4, 2011 – NBC cancels “The Playboy Club,” a television drama based on the original Playboy Club set in the early 1960s, after three episodes.

January 2012 – Playboy Enterprises, Inc. announces that its headquarters will move from Chicago to Los Angeles by the end of April.

December 1, 2012 – Announces his engagement to Harris is back on, and the couple tie the knot on December 31.

March 2013 – In an interview for Esquire magazine, Hefner claims the number of women he’s slept with is “over a thousand, I’m sure. There were chunks of my life when I was married, and when I was married I never cheated. But I made up for it when I wasn’t married.”

October 2015 – Playboy announces plans to drop fully nude female photography from its pages, with the last issue containing nude photos to be in February 2016. In February 2017, Cooper Hefner, Hefner’s son and the magazine’s chief creative officer, tweets that Playboy will once again include nude photos.

January 11, 2016 – Playboy Enterprises says it has listed the Playboy Mansion West for $200 million. Sale terms include the stipulation that Hefner must be allowed to live there for the rest of his life.

May 16, 2016 – A lawsuit filed in Los Angeles Superior Court accuses Hefner of conspiring with Bill Cosby in 2008 to commit sexual battery of a minor. The plaintiff, Chloe Goins, claims that Hefner “knew or should have known that Cosby….had a propensity for intoxicating and or drugging young women and taking advantage of them sexually…while they were unconscious.” It is reported in April 2019 that Cosby’s insurance company, American International Group, has settled the lawsuit with Goins.

May 18, 2016 – Attorneys for Judy Huth take the deposition of Hefner in a civil case against Cosby. Huth accuses Cosby of forcing her to perform oral sex on him after drugging her at the Playboy Mansion in the 1970s. The testimony of Hefner is under seal.

August 16, 2016 – It is announced that the Playboy Mansion has sold for $100 million. The buyer is Daren Metropoulos, co-owner of Twinkies maker Hostess. He has lived next door to the Playboy mansion since 2009. Hefner will stay at the home for the remainder of his life.

April 7, 2017 – “American Playboy: The Hugh Hefner Story” premieres on Amazon. The docuseries chronicles the life and impact Hefner has had on American culture.

September 27, 2017 – Playboy announces that Hefner has passed away at the age of 91, at the Playboy Mansion.

CNN-National & Wolrd

David Letterman Fast Facts

CNN Editorial Research

Here is a look at the life of former late-night talk show host David Letterman.


Birth date: April 12, 1947

Birth place: Indianapolis, Indiana

Birth name: David Michael Letterman

Father: Harry Letterman, a florist

Mother: Dorothy (Hofert) Letterman Mengering

Marriages: Regina Lasko (March 19, 2009-present); Michelle Cook (divorced)

Children: with Regina Lasko: Harry Joseph, 2003

Education: Ball State University, B.A., 1969

Other Facts

Letterman is the founder of the production company Worldwide Pants, which produced “Late Show with David Letterman.”

Is a co-owner of Rahal Letterman Lanigan Racing.

“Late Night with David Letterman” was nominated for 35 Emmy Awards and won five.

“Late Show with David Letterman” was nominated for 72 Emmy Awards and won nine.

“My Next Guest Needs No Introduction with David Letterman” has been nominated for two Emmy Awards.


1969 – Begins working as an announcer and weekend weatherman at WLWI (now WTHR), an ABC affiliate in Indianapolis, Indiana.

1975Moves to Los Angeles and begins performing stand-up at the Comedy Store. Later he is hired by Jimmie Walker, star of the CBS sitcom “Good Times,” as a writer.

1978 – Appears on Mary Tyler Moore‘s variety show, “Mary.”

November 1978Makes the first of 22 appearances on “The Tonight Show” hosted by Johnny Carson. Letterman also serves as a guest host on “The Tonight Show” several times.

June 23, 1980-October 24, 1980 Hosts “The David Letterman Show,” a daytime talk show on NBC.

February 1, 1982-June 25, 1993 – Hosts “Late Night with David Letterman” on NBC.

September 18, 1985 – Premiere of the “Top Ten” list.

May 1992 – Carson announces his retirement and speculation begins that Letterman will replace him.

January 1993 – After it is announced that Jay Leno will take Carson’s place, Letterman announces he will be leaving NBC for CBS, and expresses anger over what he regards as NBC’s poor treatment of him.

August 30, 1993-May 20, 2015Host of “Late Show with David Letterman.”

March 27, 1995 – Hosts the Academy Awards.

January 14, 2000 Letterman undergoes quintuple bypass surgery.

September 17, 2001 – Is the first late-night talk show host to return to air after the September 11 terrorist attacks. Instead of starting the show with a humorous monologue, Letterman mourns those lost and praises the city’s firefighters and police officers. His first guest, CBS anchor Dan Rather, breaks down in tears during the broadcast.

March 31, 2003 Letterman returns to his show after being out for nearly a month due to shingles.

March 17, 2005 – Kelly Frank, a house painter who worked on Letterman’s Montana ranch, is charged with plotting to kidnap Letterman’s son for ransom.

September 12, 2005 – Frank pleads guilty to a lesser charge and is sentenced to 10 years in prison. In 2007, he escapes, but is later recaptured.h

October 1, 2009 Letterman admits on air that he has had sexual relationships with female staff members and that someone has been attempting to blackmail him over the affairs.

October 5, 2009 Letterman apologizes to his wife, Regina Lasko, and female staffers in front of a live studio audience.

March 9, 2010 – Robert “Joe” Halderman, a former CBS News producer accused of trying to blackmail Letterman, pleads guilty to attempted second-degree grand larceny and is sentenced to six months in jail, five years’ probation and 1,000 hours of community service.

September 2, 2010 – Halderman is released after serving four months of his six-month prison sentence.

April 2012 – Extends his contract with CBS through 2014.

December 2, 2012 – Is honored at the Kennedy Center Honors gala along with Buddy Guy, Dustin Hoffman, Natalia Makarova and the musical group Led Zeppelin.

October 4, 2013 – Extends his contract with CBS through 2015.

April 3, 2014 – During an afternoon taping of “The Late Show,” Letterman announces that he will be retiring in 2015.

May 20, 2015 – Tapes his final show. Counting his work on both NBC and CBS, this is show #6,028 for Letterman.

October 30, 2016 – Letterman’s segment on climate change for the “Years of Living Dangerously” series airs on the National Geographic Channel. The episode follows Letterman as he travels around India discussing India’s zealous renewable energy plan.

October 22, 2017 – Is awarded the Mark Twain Prize for American Humor.

January 12, 2018 – In the debut of his new Netflix series “My Next Guest Needs No Introduction,” Letterman interviews former US President Barack Obama. Guests scheduled for the rest of Letterman’s shows include George Clooney, Malala Yousafzai, Jay-Z, Tina Fey and Howard Stern.

May 31, 2019 – “My Next Guest Needs No Introduction” returns for a second season on Netflix.

CNN-National & Wolrd

Bill Gross Fast Facts

CNN Editorial Research

Here’s a look at the life of Bill Gross, founder of PIMCO, Pacific Investment Management Company.


Birth date: April 13, 1944

Birth place: Middleton, Ohio

Birth name: William Hunt Gross

Father: Sewell “Dutch” Gross, a steel company sales executive

Mother: Shirley Gross

Marriages: Sue (Frank) Gross (1985-2017, divorced); Pamela Roberts Gross (divorced)

Children: with Sue Frank: Nick; with Pamela Roberts: Jeff and Jennifer

Education: Duke University, B.A. in Psychology, 1966; University of California at Los Angeles, M.B.A, 1971

Military: US Navy, 1966-1969

Other Facts

Billionaire, bond investor, philanthropist and avid stamp collector.

Founder, former co-chief investment officer and managing director of PIMCO, one of the world’s largest mutual funds. Under Gross, PIMCO became the world’s largest bond fund manager.


1966 – While recuperating from injuries suffered in a serious car accident, Gross teaches himself to count cards in blackjack. After college graduation, he turns $200 into $10,000 in four months.

1971 Is hired as a junior bond analyst for Pacific Mutual Insurance Company.

1971 – PIMCO is formed as a division of Pacific Mutual with colleagues William Podlich and James F. Muzzy.

1985 PIMCO formally splits from Pacific Mutual.

2003Founds the William and Sue Gross Family Foundation, through which millions of dollars are donated to universities, hospitals and organizations.

2005Gross and his wife, Sue, give $23.5 million to Duke University for undergraduate and medical school students and for the Fuqua School of Business.

2006 – Donates $10 million to the University of California at Irvine for stem cell research and to help build a new research lab. The lab opens in 2010 and is named in their honor, Sue and Bill Gross Stem Cell Research Center.

2007 – A stamp collector since childhood, Gross auctions his collection of British stamps for $9.1 million and donates the proceeds to Doctors Without Borders.

2009 – Donates $8 million for the establishment of a stamp gallery at the Smithsonian’s National Postal Museum in Washington, DC. The gallery is named in his honor, the William H. Gross Stamp Gallery, and will open in September 2013.

September 2014 – Gross unexpectedly resigns from PIMCO to join Janus Capital Group, where he manages the Janus Unconstrained Bond Fund.

July 1, 2015 – The Smithsonian Institution includes Gross’s old Bloomberg keyboard in its American Enterprise exhibition at the National Museum of American History. The keyboard, used by Gross during the 1990s and 2000s, has function keys for accessing real-time financial information.

October 8, 2015 – Gross sues former employer PIMCO for hundreds of millions of dollars, alleging he was wrongfully ousted from the firm as part of a vast conspiracy. The lawsuit claims a “cabal” of PIMCO executives driven by a “lust for power, greed” and self-interest plotted for Gross’s demise.

March 27, 2017 – Gross and PIMCO announce they reached an “amicable settlement” over his October 2015 lawsuit that alleged a “cabal” of executives had wrongfully removed him from power.

February 4, 2019 – Announces he will retire. Janus Henderson (formerly Janus Capital Group) says he will leave the firm on March 1.

October 13, 2020 – Gross and his partner Amy Schwartz sue their neighbors, Mark Towfiq, CEO of data center development company Nextfort Ventures, and his wife Carol Nakahara. Towfiq and Nakahara file a countersuit the next day, on October 14. According to court filings, Gross and Schwartz installed a large art installation along the property line, partially blocking Towfiq and Nakahara’s ocean views. After an investigation, the city of Laguna Beach determined the installation, netting and lights were a violation of city code and did not have the proper permits. Shortly after, Towfiq and Nakahara allege Gross began retaliating against them by harassing and disturbing them with “loud music and bizarre audio recordings at excessive levels” during various hours of the day and night — including pop or rap music, and often a series of television theme songs, according to the lawsuit, including the “Gilligan’s Island” theme on a loop.