Salmonella Fast Facts

CNN Editorial Research

Here’s some background information about Salmonella.


Salmonellosis the infection caused by the bacteria Salmonella is one of the most frequently reported foodborne illnesses in the United States.

Prono: sal•mo•nel•la. The first “L” is pronounced unlike the silent “L” in salmon the fish.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Reports of Selected Salmonella Outbreak Investigations.

General Information:

(Source: CDC)
An estimated 1.35 million Salmonella cases occur annually in the United States.

Approximately 450 people die each year due to Salmonella.

Salmonella lives in the intestinal tracts of animals including birds and people.

People usually become infected by eating foods contaminated with animal feces.

Foods contaminated with Salmonella are often of animal origin such as beef poultry milk or eggs but any food may become contaminated.

It rarely affects the taste smell or appearance of food.

The Salmonella family includes more than 2300 serotypes of bacteria. Salmonella Typhimurium and Salmonella Enteritidis are the most common in the United States and account for half of all human infections.

S. typhimurium is most commonly found in food of an animal origin.

S. enteritidis is mainly associated with poultry and eggs.

Most recently a specific type of Salmonella Typhimurium DT104 has emerged that is resistant to many antibiotics. Salmonella Typhimurium DT104 can be found in a broad range of foods.

Salmonella was discovered by American veterinarian Daniel Elmer Salmon.

Symptoms and Treatment

Typical symptoms include diarrhea fever and stomach cramps. Symptoms usually begin six hours to four days after infection.

Infections usually resolve in three to seven days and mild cases often do not require professional treatment. Antibiotics are used only to treat severe cases.

Salmonella infections can be life-threatening especially for young children pregnant women and their fetuses the elderly and people with weakened immune systems. The Salmonella infection can spread from the intestines to the blood stream and cause death if not treated early.

A small number of persons infected with Salmonella develop reactive arthritis which causes painful urination joint pain and eye irritation. This condition can last for months or years and can lead to chronic arthritis.


Avoid cross-contamination of food. Keep uncooked meats separate from other food.

People infected with Salmonella should not prepare food for others.

Proper storage and handling of food helps prevent the growth of Salmonella and thorough cooking destroys the bacteria. Raw or undercooked meat or eggs and raw or unpasteurized dairy products should not be consumed. Produce should be washed thoroughly.

Wash hands with soap after changing diapers or using the restroom.

Wash hands after handling pets. Reptiles are especially likely to carry Salmonella since it can contaminate their skin. Salmonella is also often found in the intestines of chicks and young birds.

Timeline of recent selected cases in the United States

Onions 2020
Multistate outbreak of Salmonella Newport associated with onions likely from Thomson International Inc. in Bakersfield California. On August 1 Thomson International recalls all varieties of onions — including red white yellow and sweet onions.

As of August 6 2020 a total of 640 infections including 85 hospitalizations were reported in 43 states.

Backyard poultry 2020
Multistate outbreak of Salmonella Hadar associated with backyard fowl including pet poultry like chicks and ducklings.

As of July 28 2020 a total of 938 people in 48 states have been infected with 151 hospitalizations and one death.

Pre-cut melon 2019
Multistate outbreak of Salmonella Carrau linked to precut watermelon honeydew melon cantaloupe and precut fruit medley products from Caito Foods LLC in Illinois.

A total of 137 persons in 10 states were infected with 38 hospitalizations.

Mexican soft cheese and ground beef 2018
Multistate outbreak of Salmonella Newport from ground beef from a slaughter and processing plant in Texas and soft cheese from Mexico.

A total of 255 infections including 60 hospitalizations and two deaths were reported in 32 states.

Live poultry 2016
Eight multistate outbreaks linked to human contact with live poultry in backyard flocks and hatcheries.

A total of 895 people in 48 states were infected with 209 hospitalizations and three deaths. Of those sickened 28% were children five years of age or younger.

Cucumbers 2015
Multistate outbreak of Salmonella Poona linked to cucumbers imported from Mexico and distributed by Andrew & Williamson Fresh Produce.

A total of 907 persons in 40 states were infected with 204 hospitalizations and six deaths.

September 4 2015 – The CDC announces they are investigating a multistate outbreak of Salmonella Poona linked to cucumbers imported from Mexico and distributed by Andrew & Williamson Fresh Produce. Andrew & Williamson Fresh Produce voluntarily recalls cucumbers sold under the “Limited Edition” label from August 1 2015-September 3 2015.

Foster Farms brand chicken 2013
Multistate outbreak of Salmonella Heidelberg linked to Foster Farms brand chicken.

A total of 634 persons in 29 states and Puerto Rico were infected.

Live poultry 2013
Multistate outbreak of Salmonella Typhimurium infections linked to contact with live poultry purchased from feed stores and mail-order hatcheries.

A total of 356 persons in 39 states were infected with 62 hospitalizations.

Peanut butter 2012
Multistate outbreak of Salmonella Bredeney infections associated with peanut butter manufactured by Sunland Inc. The FDA temporarily shuttered the plant where the peanut butter was manufactured but later entered a consent decree that allowed the facility to reopen after actions were taken to bolster food safety. As part of the agreement Sunland must allow the FDA to inspect the facility to ensure compliance with the consent decree.

A total of 42 persons in 20 states were infected with ten hospitalizations.

Raw scraped ground tuna product 2012
Multistate outbreak of Salmonella Nchanga and Salmonella Bareilly infections associated with raw scraped ground tuna product from Moon Marine USA Corporation.

A total of 425 individuals were infected in 28 states with 55 hospitalizations.

Turkish pine nuts 2011
Multistate outbreak of Salmonella Enteritidis infections associated with Turkish pine nuts purchased from bulk bins at Wegmans grocery stores.

A total of 43 individuals were infected in five states.

Ground turkey 2011
Multistate outbreak of Salmonella Heidelberg linked to ground turkey from Cargill Meat Solutions.

A total of 136 individuals were infected in 34 states with 37 hospitalizations and one death.

Eggs 2010
Multistate outbreak of Salmonella Enteritidis infections linked to eggs from Wright County Eggs and Hillandale Farms.

A high number of Salmonella Enteritidis cases prompted the CDC to investigate. The government traced the illnesses back to two egg companies in Iowa and estimated that about 1939 illnesses were associated with the outbreak. Two executives from Quality Eggs a company linked to Wright County Eggs and Hillandale Farms pleaded guilty to introducing adulterated food into interstate commerce. They were sentenced to three months in prison. Quality Egg also agreed to pay a $6.79 million fine for the outbreak.

Peanut butter 2008
Multistate outbreak of Salmonella Typhimurium infections associated with King Nut peanut butter manufactured by the Peanut Corporation of America (PCA). Two PCA executives were convicted of conspiracy to defraud customers by shipping salmonella-positive peanut products. Stewart Parnell was sentenced to 28 years in prison while his brother Michael Parnell received a 20-year sentence.

A total of 714 individuals were infected in 46 states with nine deaths.

Peanut butter 2006
Multistate outbreak of Salmonella Tennessee associated with Peter Pan and Great Value peanut butter manufactured at a ConAgra plant. ConAgra was charged with one criminal count of introducing adulterated food into interstate commerce. The company reached a plea agreement to pay an $8 million fine and forfeit $3.2 million in assets.

A total of 628 individuals were infected in 47 states.

CNN-National & Wolrd

John F. Kennedy Assassination Fast Facts

CNN Editorial Research

Here’s some background information about the assassination of President John F. Kennedy on November 22, 1963.


November 22, 1963
– 11:37 a.m. – Air Force One arrives at Dallas’ Love Field with the President and his wife, Jacqueline Kennedy, Texas Governor John B. Connally Jr. and his wife, Idanell Connally. Vice President Lyndon Johnson and his wife, Lady Bird Johnson, arrive in a separate plane. It is a campaign trip for the coming 1964 election, although not officially designated as such.

During a 10-mile tour of Dallas, the President and Mrs. Kennedy and the governor and Mrs. Connally ride in an open convertible limousine. The motorcade is on the way to the Trade Mart where the President is to speak at a sold-out luncheon.

– 12:30 p.m. – As the President’s limousine passes the Texas School Book Depository, shots are fired from a sixth-floor window.

President Kennedy and Governor Connally are both wounded and are rushed to Parkland Hospital.

Wire services report three shots were fired as the motorcade passed under Stemmons Freeway. Two bullets hit the President and one hit the Governor.

Emergency efforts by Drs. Malcolm Perry, Kemp Clark and others are unsuccessful at reviving the president. Governor Connally’s injuries are critical but not fatal. From one bullet, he sustains three broken ribs, a punctured lung and a broken wrist. The bullet finally lodged in his left thigh.

– 12:36 p.m. – The ABC radio network broadcasts the first nationwide news bulletin reporting that shots have been fired at the Kennedy motorcade.

– 12:40 p.m. – The CBS television network broadcasts the first nationwide TV news bulletin also reporting on the shooting.

– 1:00 p.m. – Kennedy is pronounced dead by Parkland Hospital doctors, becoming the fourth US president killed in office.

– 1:07 p.m. – News of the shooting causes the New York Stock Exchange to halt trading after an $11 million flood of sell orders.

– 1:15 p.m. – Lee Harvey Oswald kills Dallas Police Patrolman J.D. Tippit approximately 45 minutes after the assassination.

– 2:00 p.m. – A bronze casket carrying the President’s body, accompanied by Mrs. Kennedy and the Johnsons, leaves Parkland Hospital for Air Force One.

– 2:15 p.m. – Oswald, a 24-year-old ex-Marine, is arrested in the back of a movie theater where he fled after shooting Tippit.

– 2:39 p.m. – Johnson is sworn in on the runway of Love Field aboard Air Force One. Federal Judge Sarah T. Hughes, of the Northern District of Texas, administers the oath of office. Witnesses include Jacqueline Kennedy and Johnson’s wife.

– 5:00 p.m. (6:00 p.m. ET) – Air Force One arrives at Andrews Air Force Base, Maryland. The coffin bearing the President’s body is taken by ambulance to Bethesda Naval Hospital for an autopsy. The flag-draped coffin is taken to the East Room of the White House early the next morning following the autopsy.

– 7:15 p.m. – Oswald is arraigned for the murder of Tippit.

November 22-25, 1963 – Major television and radio networks devote continuous news coverage to ongoing events associated with the President’s assassination, canceling all entertainment and all commercials. Many theaters, stores and businesses, including the stock exchanges and government offices, are closed through November 25.

November 23, 1963 – Oswald is arraigned for the murder of the president.

November 23, 1963 – Johnson designates November 25 as a day of national mourning.

November 24, 1963 – As Oswald is being transferred from the Dallas city jail to the county jail, nightclub owner Jack Ruby shoots and kills him. The shooting is inadvertently shown live on TV. Ruby is immediately arrested.

November 24-25, 1963 – Kennedy’s flag-draped casket lies in state in the Capitol Rotunda.

November 25, 1963 – Kennedy is buried at Arlington National Cemetery with full military honors and representatives from more than 90 countries in attendance.

November 26, 1963 – Ruby is indicted in Dallas for the murder of Oswald. He is later convicted, has the conviction overturned on appeal, and dies of cancer in 1967 awaiting a new trial.

November 29, 1963 – Johnson appoints the President’s Commission on the Assassination of President Kennedy. Commonly called the Warren Commission, its purpose is to investigate the assassination.

September 24, 1964 – The Warren Report is released with the following conclusions: “The shots which killed President Kennedy and wounded Governor Connally were fired from the sixth-floor window at the southeast corner of the Texas School Book Depository.” And: “The shots which killed President Kennedy and wounded Governor Connally were fired by Lee Harvey Oswald.”

October 26,1992 – President George H.W. Bush signs the President John F. Kennedy Assassination Records Collection Act into law. The law directs the National Archives to establish a collection of records consisting of any materials, by any state or federal agency, that were created during the federal inquiry into the assassination.

October 26, 2017 – The US government releases more than 2,800 records relating to Kennedy’s assassination in an effort to comply with a 1992 law mandating the documents’ release. President Donald Trump keeps roughly 300 files classified out of concern for US national security, law enforcement and foreign relations. In a memo, Trump directs agencies that requested redactions to re-review their reasons for keeping the records secret within 180 days.

April 26, 2018 – Trump extends to 2021 the deadline for the public release of files related to the assassination. More than 19,000 documents are released by the National Archives, in compliance with the records law and Trump’s 2017 order.

CNN-National & Wolrd

Britney Spears Fast Facts

CNN Editorial Research

Here is a look a the life of Britney Spears, pop singer, Grammy Award winner and television personality.


Birth date: December 2, 1981

Birth place: McComb, Mississippi

Birth name: Britney Jean Spears

Father: Jamie Spears, a former building contractor and chef

Mother: Lynne (Bridges) Spears

Marriages: Kevin Federline (September 18, 2004-July 30, 2007, divorced); Jason Alexander (January 3, 2004-January 5, 2004, annulled after 55 hours)

Children: with Kevin Federline: Jayden James, September 12, 2006 and Sean Preston, September 14, 2005

Other Facts

Number one hits on the Billboard Hot 100 chart include: “Baby, One More Time” in 1999, “Womanizer” in 2008, “3” in 2009 (debut), and “Hold It Against Me” in 2011 (debut).

Six albums have reached #1 on the Billboard 200 chart: “Baby One More Time” (1999), “Oops!…. I Did It Again” (2000), “Britney” (2001), “In the Zone” (2003), “Circus” (2008), and “Femme Fatale” (2011).

Has won one Grammy and has been nominated for eight.


1993-1994 – Cast member on “The Mickey Mouse Club.”

1997 – Signs a contract with Jive Records at age 15.

2002 – Is named Hollywood’s Most Powerful Celebrity by Forbes magazine.

November 17, 2003 – Receives a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.

February 13, 2005 – Wins a Grammy Award for Best Dance Recording for “Toxic.”

February 16, 2007 – Shaves her head at a beauty parlor in Tarzana, California.

October 1, 2007 – Temporarily loses physical custody of her children after failing to attend court hearings.

January 3, 2008 – Spears is hospitalized over issues involving the custody of her children. Kevin Federline, her ex-husband, is awarded sole custody on January 4, 2008.

February 1, 2008 – A Los Angeles court grants temporary conservatorship to Spears’ father, Jamie Spears, after Spears is taken to a hospital and deemed unable to take care of herself.

July 18, 2008 – In a custody agreement, Spears gives Federline sole custody of the children, but retains visitation rights.

August 2008 – Becoming Britney, a musical based on her life, debuts at the New York International Fringe Festival.

October 28, 2008 – Jamie Spears is granted permanent conservatorship of his daughter’s affairs.

February 3, 2009 – Sam Lutfi, Spears’ former manager, sues Spears and her parents for defamation and breach of contract in Los Angeles Superior Court.

September 8, 2010 – Is accused of sexual harassment and sued by her former bodyguard, Fernando Flores.

January 11, 2011 – Her single, “Hold It Against Me,” is released and debuts at No. 1 on the Billboard Hot 100.

March 29, 2011 – New album, “Femme Fatale,” is released.

March 30, 2011 – A $10 million lawsuit is filed by Brand Sense Partners against Spears and her father for breach of contract relating to a perfume deal between Spears and the Elizabeth Arden company.

February 2012 – Settles the lawsuit filed by Brand Sense Partners for breach of contract.

March 2012 – Settles the sexual harassment suit filed by her former bodyguard.

May 15, 2012 – “The X Factor USA” announces that Spears, along with Demi Lovato, will join Simon Cowell and L.A. Reid on “The X Factor” judging panel.

November 1, 2012 – A Los Angeles Superior Court judge dismisses the defamation and breach of contract lawsuit against Spears and her parents brought by Lutfi, Spears’ former manager.

January 11, 2013 – Announces that she will not be returning as a judge to “The X Factor.”

September 17, 2013 – Spears announces that she will do a two-year residency at Planet Hollywood Resort & Casino in Las Vegas with a show titled “Britney: Piece of Me.” The show begins its run December 27.

September 2014 – Releases her own lingerie line,”Intimate Britney Spears.”

November 5, 2014 – Clark County, Nevada, proclaims November 5th as “Britney Day” on the Las Vegas Strip.

September 9, 2015 – Spears announces that she has extended her residency at Planet Hollywood Resort and Casino in Las Vegas for two more years.

August 26, 2016 – Spears’ ninth studio album, Glory, is released.

April 12, 2018 – Spears is honored at the GLAAD Media Awards as the recipient of the Vanguard Award, an award that goes to a performer for making a difference in promoting and supporting equality.

January 4, 2019 – Announces that she is going on an indefinite work hiatus in order to focus on her family due to her father’s health issues.

April 3, 2019 – Spears announces that she is taking “me time” after it is reported that she has checked into a mental health facility to cope with her father’s health issues.

April 25, 2019 – Spears checks out of the mental health treatment facility after undertaking an “all-encompassing wellness treatment.”

June 13, 2019 – Spears and her family are granted a five-year restraining order against Lutfi.

April 29, 2020 – Spears announces that she accidentally burned down her home gym.

November 10, 2020 – Los Angeles Superior Court Judge Brenda Penny declines Spears’s application to remove her father as her conservator, but says she would consider petitions “down the road” to remove her father as the head of her estate. The move comes amid the #FreeBritney social media movement, driven by some fans who believe she is a prisoner in her own home because of the court-ordered conservatorship.

CNN-National & Wolrd

Aretha Franklin Fast Facts

CNN Editorial Research

Here’s a look at the life of the “Queen of Soul,” Aretha Franklin.


Birth date: March 25, 1942

Death date: August 16, 2018

Birth place: Memphis, Tennessee

Birth name: Aretha Louise Franklin

Father: Rev. C. L. (Clarence LaVaughn) Franklin, minister and gospel singer

Mother: Barbara (Siggers) Franklin, gospel singer

Marriages: Glynn Turman (April 11, 1978-1984, divorced), Ted White (1961-1969, divorced)

Children: with Ken Cunningham: Kecalf; with Ted White: Theodore; with father’s name not available publicly: Edward and Clarence

Other Facts

Had a four-octave vocal range.

Was a self-taught pianist, who learned without knowing how to read music.

Her father was shot by burglars in 1979 and remained in a coma until his death in 1984. Rev. Jesse Jackson spoke at his funeral.

Claimed reports of her mother abandoning the family in 1948 were not true. The Franklins separated and the children lived with Rev. Franklin, spending summers with their mother until Mrs. Franklin died in 1952.

Due to an in-flight turbulence incident in 1982, she had an extreme fear of flying.

Was nominated for 44 Grammy awards and won 18. Franklin also won three special Grammy awards.

A high school dropout, she had two honorary doctorates of music, from Berklee College of Music and Yale University.

In addition to receiving a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, she was inducted into the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame, the NAACP Image Awards Hall of Fame and the Apollo Theater Legends Walk of Fame.

Performed at the inaugural events of three US presidents: Jimmy Carter, Bill Clinton and Barack Obama.


1956 – A gospel album entitled “Spirituals” is released by a small label called J.V.B. It is Franklin’s first recording. The album is later re-released as “Songs of Faith: The Gospel Sound of Aretha Franklin.”

1960 – Signs with Columbia Records.

1967 – Her first number one single, “Respect” is released, along with the hits “(You Make Me Feel Like) A Natural Woman” and “Baby I Love You.”

1968 – Wins her first two Grammy awards for “Respect.”

April 9, 1968 – Sings “Precious Lord, Take My Hand” at the memorial service of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.

January 19, 1977 – Performs “God Bless America” at the inaugural concert of President Carter.

1982 – Wins Grammy Award for Best R&B Vocal Performance, Female for “Hold On I’m Comin’.”

1986 – Wins Grammy Award for Best R&B Vocal Performance, Female for “Freeway Of Love.”

1987 – Is the first woman inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.

1988 – Wins two Grammy Awards for Best R&B Vocal Performance, Female for “Aretha” and Best R&B Performance by a Duo, with George Michael, “I Knew You Were Waiting (For Me).”

1989 – Wins Grammy Award for Best Soul Gospel Performance, Female for “One Lord, One Faith, One Baptism.”

1991 – Receives the Grammy Legend Award.

January 19, 1993 – Performs at the inaugural gala of President Clinton.

1994 – Receives the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award.

1997 – Performs an aria from Puccini’s “La Boheme” at the wedding of Vice President Al Gore’s daughter, Karenna.

February 25, 1998 – Substitutes for an ailing Luciano Pavarotti at the Grammy Awards performing “Nessun Dorma” by Puccini, unrehearsed.

September 1999 – Her autobiography “Aretha: From These Roots,” is published.

September 29, 1999 – Is presented the National Medal of Arts by the National Endowment for the Arts.

2004 – Wins Grammy Award for Best Traditional R&B Vocal Performance for “Wonderful.”

November 9, 2005 – Is awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President George W. Bush.

2006 – After Franklin points out that no Motown talent was appearing in the Detroit Super Bowl halftime show, the NFL asks her to sing the national anthem along with Aaron Neville prior to the game.

February 8, 2006 – Wins Grammy Award for Best Traditional R&B Vocal Performance for “A House Is Not a Home.”

February 10, 2008 – Wins Grammy Award for Best Gospel Performance for “Never Gonna Break My Faith,” shared with Mary J. Blige.

February 14, 2008 – Receives the NAACP Vanguard Award at the annual Image Awards ceremony.

January 20, 2009 – Performs “My Country ‘Tis of Thee” at the inauguration of President Obama.

February 2010 – A Snickers commercial starring Franklin and Liza Minnelli airs for the first time.

July 27, 2010 – Appears on stage in Philadelphia with former Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice on piano to raise money for charity. Rice is a classical pianist. They perform individually and together, classical, pop and patriotic selections.

August 1, 2010 – Falls in her home, breaking some ribs. The incident forces her to cancel concert appearances in August.

May 3, 2011 – Releases her new album, “Aretha: A Woman Falling Out of Love.”

October 8, 2014 Achieves a milestone in music history by becoming the first female to earn her 100th hit on Billboard’s Hot R&B song chart with “Rolling in the Deep (The Aretha Version).”

October 2014 – Releases a new album, “Aretha Franklin Sings the Great Diva Classics.”

March 2015 – Performs live on the Motown themed episode of American Idol in Detroit.

September 26, 2015 – Franklin sings “Amazing Grace” at the Festival of Families, one of the events sponsored by the Vatican for Pope Francis‘ visit to Philadelphia.

February 7, 2017 – Franklin announces she will retire from performing in concert after the release of one more album. “I am retiring this year,” she tells a local television station in Detroit. “I will be recording, but this will be my last year in concert.”

August 16, 2018 – Dies at her home in Detroit, surrounded by family and friends, according to a statement on behalf of Franklin’s family from her longtime publicist Gwendolyn Quinn.

May 20, 2019 – An attorney for Franklin’s estate says that three handwritten wills were discovered in her home. The latest one, dated March 2014, was found under cushions in the living room and appears to leave her assets to family members. A fourth will, drafted by a lawfirm, is discovered in 2019.

CNN-National & Wolrd

Michael Douglas Fast Facts

CNN Editorial Research

Here is a look at the life of actor and producer Michael Douglas.


Birth date: September 25, 1944

Birth place: New Brunswick, New Jersey

Birth name: Michael Kirk Douglas

Father: Kirk Douglas, actor

Mother: Diana (Dill) Douglas, actor

Marriages: Catherine Zeta-Jones (November 18, 2000-present); Diandra (Luker) Douglas (1977-2000, divorced)

Children: with Catherine Zeta-Jones: Carys Zeta, 2003; Dylan Michael, 2000; with Diandra (Luker) Douglas: Cameron, 1978

Education: University of California, Santa Barbara, B.A. in theater, 1968

Other Facts

Eldest son of Hollywood legend Kirk Douglas, with whom he appeared in two movies, “Cast a Giant Shadow” and “It Runs in the Family.” “It Runs in the Family” also starred his son, Cameron Douglas, and his mother, Diana Douglas.

Nominated for two Academy Awards and won twice.

Nominated for eight Primetime Emmy Awards and won once.


1969 – Film debut in “Hail, Hero!”

1972-1976 – Stars in the television series, “The Streets of San Francisco.”

1976 – Wins the Academy Award for Best Picture for “One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest,” as a producer.

1988 – Wins the Academy Award for Best Actor for “Wall Street.”

November 7, 2003 – The High Court orders Hello! magazine to pay Zeta-Jones and Douglas £14,600 (about $24,000) in damages for publishing unauthorized photographs of their wedding.

August 2010 – Is diagnosed with throat cancer and begins eight weeks of chemotherapy and radiation to treat a Stage 4 cancerous tumor.

January 2011 – Douglas announces in a “Today Show” interview that his cancerous tumor is gone.

May 26, 2013 – “Behind the Candelabra,” Douglas’ first role since announcing he beat throat cancer in 2011, debuts on HBO.

August 28, 2013 – Representatives for Zeta-Jones announce the couple is “taking some time apart to evaluate and work on their marriage.”

September 2013 – Wins an Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Miniseries or a Movie for “Behind the Candelabra.”

October 2013 – Reveals in an interview with actor Samuel L. Jackson that he was actually diagnosed with tongue cancer, not throat cancer, in 2010.

November 6, 2018 – Receives a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.

CNN-National & Wolrd

Bruce Springsteen Fast Facts

CNN Editorial Research

Here’s a look into the life of musician and songwriter Bruce Springsteen.


Birth date: September 23, 1949

Birth place: Freehold, New Jersey

Birth name: Bruce Frederick Joseph Springsteen

Father: Douglas Springsteen, bus driver

Mother: Adele (Zerilli) Springsteen, legal secretary

Marriages: Patti Scialfa (June 8, 1991-present); Julianne Phillips (May 13, 1985-March 1, 1989, divorced)

Children: with Patti Scialfa: Sam, Jessica and Evan

Education: Attended Ocean County Community College for one semester, 1967

Other Facts

Known as “The Boss.”

Has played with the E Street Band on and off since the early seventies. E Street is a road in the town of Belmar, New Jersey.

Nominated for two Academy Awards, has won once.

Nominated for 50 Grammy Awards, has won 20 times.

Nominated for three Emmy Awards.

Received a special Tony Award.

Chronicles youthful rebellion and disillusionment in staid suburban New Jersey.


1960s and early 1970s – Springsteen performs with several bands including Steel Mill and the Castiles.

1972 – Signs a record deal with Columbia Records.

1973 – Debut album “Greetings from Asbury Park, N.J.” is released.

August 25, 1975 – “Born to Run” is released. In addition to the title track, the album features the songs, “Thunder Road,” “Tenth Avenue Freeze-Out” and “Jungleland.” Weeks after the collection hits record stores, Springsteen appears on the covers of Time and Newsweek magazines at the same time.

June 4, 1984 – “Born in the U.S.A.” is released. Seven songs, including the title track and “Dancing in the Dark,” reach the top 10 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart. At the time, the only other album to feature seven top 10 singles was “Thriller” by Michael Jackson. The album cover is photographed by Annie Leibovitz.

February 26, 1985 – Wins his first Grammy award. “Dancing in the Dark” gets best rock vocal solo.

1989 – Springsteen splits with the E Street Band.

March 21, 1994 – Wins an Academy Award for Original Song for “Streets of Philadelphia.”

March 1, 1995 – Wins four Grammy awards for “Streets of Philadelphia.” The track is named song of the year, best rock song, best song written for a motion picture or television and best male rock vocal performance.

1999 – Is inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and reunites with the E Street Band.

February 23, 2003 – Wins three Grammy awards. His album, “The Rising” wins in the best rock album category and the album’s title track wins best rock song, plus best male rock vocal performance.

February 10, 2008 – Wins three Grammy awards. “Radio Nowhere” is named best rock song and best solo rock performance. “Once Upon a Time in the West” wins in the rock instrumental performance category.

January 18, 2009 – Performs Woody Guthrie’s “This Land is Your Land” with Pete Seeger at US President Barack Obama’s inauguration ceremony.

February 2, 2009 – Plays the Super Bowl half-time show.

December 10, 2009 – Receives the Kennedy Center Honors.

September 7, 2016 – Performs his longest US show on record at Citizens Bank Park in Philadelphia. The show is four hours and four minutes long, with a set list of 34 tunes.

September 27, 2016 – Springsteen’s autobiography “Born to Run” is published.

November 22, 2016 – Springsteen receives the Presidential Medal of Freedom.

October 12, 2017 – “Springsteen on Broadway,” a limited engagement solo acoustic concert/stage memoir opens at the Walter Kerr Theatre in New York. It marks Springsteen’s Broadway debut.

June 9, 2018 – Is honored with a special Tony Award for “Springsteen,” his one-man show on Broadway. He also performs.

November 27, 2018 In a new interview with Esquire, Springsteen candidly discusses two emotional breakdowns he has suffered — one when he was 32 and another when he was in his 60s.

January 14, 2020 – Springsteen’s youngest son, Sam, is sworn in as a Jersey City, New Jersey firefighter.

October 22, 2020 – “Bruce Springsteen’s Letter to You” premieres on Apple TV+. The documentary follows the recording of Springsteen’s new album with the E Street Band. The album, “Letter to You,” is released the following day.

February 11, 2021 – According to Brenda Ling, spokeswoman for the Gateway National Recreational Area in Sandy Hook, NJ, in November, Springsteen was arrested in the park on charges of driving under the influence. On February 24, Springsteen pleads guilty to charges he imbibed alcohol despite knowing it was prohibited. The plea came after federal prosecutors agreed to drop charges that Springsteen was operating a vehicle under the influence and driving recklessly, charges Assistant US Attorney Adam Baker said the government would not be able to prove.

CNN-National & Wolrd

Phil Spector Fast Facts

CNN Editorial Research

Here’s a look at the life of former songwriter and convicted murderer Phil Spector.


Birth date: December 26, 1939 (some sources say 1940)

Death date: January 16, 2021

Birth place: Bronx, New York

Birth name: Harvey Phillip Spector

Father: Benjamin Spector, an ironworker

Mother: Bertha Spector

Marriages: Rachelle Short (2006-2018, divorced); Veronica ‘Ronnie’ Bennett (1968-1974, divorced); Annette Merar (1959-1967, divorced)

Children: Adopted with Veronica ‘Ronnie’ Bennett: Gary, Louis and Donte; mother’s name unavailable publicly: Nicole (deceased)

Other Facts

Songwriter, producer and creator of the Sixties “Wall of Sound” style.

Produced for such groups as: the Crystals, the Beatles, Ike and Tina Turner, the Righteous Brothers, Cher and the Ramones.

His father committed suicide by carbon monoxide poisoning when Spector was a child.

His mother moved Spector and his older sister, Shirley, to Los Angeles when he was 12.

Worked as a court stenographer to help pay tuition at UCLA.

Considered going to work at the United Nations as an interpreter.

Lived mostly in seclusion in his California mansion from the late 1970s until 2003.

During the Lana Clarkson trial, at least four women testified that Spector threatened them with a gun.


1958 – While still in high school, he forms the Teddy Bears and records his first and the group’s only hit record, “To Know Him is to Love Him.” The record goes gold and the group appears on “American Bandstand.”

1960 – Moves to New York and works as a producer and a session musician.

1960 – Goes into partnership with Lester Sill and forms the Philles label.

1962 – Buys out Lester Still and becomes sole owner of Philles Records. He closes it four years later.

1969 – Has a cameo role in the film “Easy Rider.”

1970 – Produces several tracks on “Let It Be,” the Beatles’ final album.

1972 – Wins a Grammy Award for Album of the Year as a producer of “The Concert for Bangladesh.”

1988 – Is sued by the Ronettes, including his former wife, Ronnie Bennett, for more than $10 million in royalties and licensing fees.

1989 – Is inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.

1997 – Is inducted into the Songwriters’ Hall of Fame.

2001 – The Ronettes win the lawsuit against Spector and are awarded over $3 million.

2002 – The New York Court of Appeals throws out the Ronettes’ award and orders the case back to the trial court. Spector loses again and is ordered to pay the Ronettes royalties twice a year.

February 3, 2003 – Actress Lana Clarkson is shot to death in Phil Spector’s home.

November 20, 2003 – Spector is charged with Clarkson’s murder.

September 27, 2004 – Phil Spector is indicted.

March 19, 2007 – Jury selection begins in Spector’s murder trial.

April 30, 2007 – Opening statements begin, after a judge rules that the trial can be televised.

May 15, 2007 – Chauffeur Adriano Desouza testifies that right after the shooting Spector said, “I think I killed somebody.”

June 11, 2007 – DNA evidence is presented. A criminalist testifies that none of Spector’s DNA was found on the gun, but that it was found on Lana Clarkson’s body.

September 26, 2007 – The judge declares a mistrial when the jury comes back deadlocked. The district attorney’s office announces it will retry Spector.

October 2, 2008 – Jury selection in the second trial for the murder of Lana Clarkson begins.

April 13, 2009 – Spector is convicted of second-degree murder.

May 29, 2009 – Is sentenced to 19-years to life in prison.

June 2010 – Wife, Rachelle Short, releases new CD, “Out of My Chelle,” on which Spector is listed as producer. This is his first production in 30 years.

April 12, 2011 – Lawyers appear in appeals court asking to overturn Spector’s conviction in favor of a third trial in the death of Lana Clarkson on the basis that the 2009 trial was unfair.

May 2, 2011 – California 2nd District Court of Appeals rules unanimously against the defense’s contentions that Spector’s 2009 trial was unfair, and his conviction stands.

February 21, 2012 – The United States Supreme Court declines to review Spector’s murder conviction.

October 2013 – Spector is moved to the California Health Care Facility in Stockton, which treats sick inmates.

March 18, 2016 – Spector files for divorce from Rachelle Short.

December 2018 – The divorce case for Spector and Short is disposed.

January 16, 2021 – According to a statement released by the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation, Spector dies of natural causes. His exact cause of death has not been announced by the medical examiner for San Joaquin County.

CNN-National & Wolrd

Jack Nicklaus Fast Facts

CNN Editorial Research

Here’s a look at the life of retired professional golfer Jack Nicklaus.


Birth date: January 21, 1940

Birth place: Columbus, Ohio

Birth name: Jack William Nicklaus

Father: Louis Charles Nicklaus Jr., a pharmacist

Mother: Helen (Schoener) Nicklaus

Marriage: Barbara Jean (Bash) Nicklaus (July 23, 1960-present)

Children: Michael, July 24, 1973; Gary, January 15, 1969; Nancy, May 5, 1965; Steve, April 11,1963; Jack II, September 23, 1961

Education: Attended The Ohio State University, 1957-1961

Other Facts

Nicknamed “Golden Bear.”

Began playing golf at age 10.

Has won 18 professional major championships: six Masters, five PGA Championships, four US Opens and three British Opens. Additionally, Nicklaus has won two US Amateur Championships.

Owns Nicklaus Companies, which includes a successful golf course design business.


1956 – Wins the Ohio State Open golf tournament at age 16.

1959 and 1961 – Wins the US Amateur Championship.

January 1962 – First professional start at the Los Angeles Open.

June 1962 – First professional win, defeating Arnold Palmer at the US Open.

1962, 1967, 1972 and 1980 – Wins the US Open.

1963, 1965, 1966, 1972, 1975 and 1986 – Wins the Masters.

1963, 1971, 1973, 1975 and 1980 – Wins the PGA Championship.

1966, 1970 and 1978 – Wins the British Open.

1967, 1972, 1973, 1975 and 1976 – Named PGA Player of the Year.

1974 – Inducted into the World Golf Hall of Fame.

1991 and 1993 – Wins the US Senior Open.

1997 – “Jack Nicklaus: My Story,” written with Ken Bowden, is published.

1999 – Named Sports Illustrated’s best individual male athlete of the 20th century.

2001 – Is awarded the ESPY Lifetime Achievement Award.

2002 – The Jack Nicklaus Museum opens on the campus of The Ohio State University.

2004 – The Nicklaus Children’s Health Care Foundation is formed.

2005 – Retires from tournament competition.

2005 – Is awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom.

2006 – Is inducted into the PGA Professional Hall of Fame.

March 24, 2015 – Honored with the Congressional Gold Medal.

December 2015 – Nicklaus receives Sports Illustrated’s Muhammad Ali Legacy Award.

February 18, 2016 – Undergoes experimental stem cell therapy to help with debilitating back pain.

July 19, 2020 – Nicklaus reveals that he and his wife both tested positive for the Covid-19 virus on March 13 and stayed at their home in North Palm Beach, Florida, until they recovered on April 20.

CNN-National & Wolrd

Billy Crystal Fast Facts

CNN Editorial Research

Here’s a look at the life of comedian Billy Crystal.


Birth date: March 14, 1947

Birth place: Long Beach, New York

Birth name: William Edward Crystal

Father: Jack, concert promoter and record store manager

Mother: Helen (Gabler) Crystal

Marriage: Janice (Goldfinger) Crystal (1970-present)

Children: Jennifer and Lindsay

Education: New York University, B.F.A., 1970

Other Facts

Has hosted the Academy Awards nine times: in 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1997, 1998, 2000, 2004 and 2012.

Has hosted the Grammy Awards three times: 1987, 1988 and 1989.

Worked as a substitute teacher at Long Beach Junior High School.

Carries a toothbrush in his pocket when hosting the Oscars, because as a child he’d rehearse his Oscar speech while holding a toothbrush.

Was Jay Leno’s first guest on the “Tonight Show” when Leno took over from Johnny Carson.

Has been nominated for 21 Emmy awards and won five.


1971-1975 – Member of a traveling improvisational comedy group.

1977-1981 – Plays television’s first openly gay character Jodie Dallas on the sitcom “Soap.”

1982 – Hosts the show “The Billy Crystal Comedy Hour.”

1984-1985 – Cast member on “Saturday Night Live.”

1989 – Along with Meg Ryan, stars in the film “When Harry Met Sally.”

1989 – Wins an Emmy Award for Outstanding Performance in Special Events for “The 31st Annual Grammy Awards.”

1990 – Wins an Emmy Award for Outstanding Writing in a Variety or Music Program, for “Billy Crystal: Midnight Train to Moscow.”

1991 – Stars in the film “City Slickers.”

1991 – Wins two Emmy Awards for the “The 63rd Annual Academy Awards.” One for Outstanding Individual Performance in a Variety or Music Program and another for Outstanding Writing in a Variety or Music Program.

1992 – Writes, directs and stars in the film “Mr. Saturday Night.”

1992 Wins an Emmy for Outstanding Individual Achievement in Writing in a Variety or Music Program for “The 64th Annual Academy Awards.”

1998 – Wins an Emmy for Outstanding Performance in a Variety or Music Program for “The 70th Annual Academy Awards.”

2004 – Crystal’s children’s book “I Already Know I Love You” is published.

December 5, 2004 – Crystal’s one man show, “700 Sundays,” opens on Broadway.

2005 – Wins a Tony Award for Special Theatrical Event for “700 Sundays.”

2007 – Receives the Mark Twain Prize for American Humor.

March 13, 2008 – The New York Yankees add Crystal to the team for one day, the day before his 60th birthday, in a spring training game against the Pittsburgh Pirates. His uniform number is 60. Crystal strikes out his only time at bat.

July 17, 2008 – Is named to the board of directors of the National September 11 Memorial & Museum.

November 10, 2011 – Crystal is named as the host of the Oscars in February 2012, replacing Eddie Murphy.

2013 – Crystal’s book “Still Foolin’ ‘Em: Where I’ve Been, Where I’m Going, and Where the Hell Are My Keys?” is published.

August 25, 2014 – Crystal pays tribute to his long time friend and fellow comedian Robin Williams at the 66th annual Primetime Emmy Awards calling him the “greatest friend you could imagine.”

2015 – Returns to sitcom television after 30 years in “The Comedians.” FX cancels it after one season.

April 9, 2019 – Disney+ announces that Crystal is set to reprise his role in a new show, titled “Monsters At Work,” a “Monsters, Inc.” spin-off TV series.

CNN-National & Wolrd

Bob Barker Fast Facts

CNN Editorial Research

Here is a look at the life of Bob Barker, former host of the “Price is Right.”


Birth date: December 12, 1923

Birth place: Darrington, Washington

Birth name: Robert William Barker

Father: Byron Barker, a utility worker

Mother: Matilda (Tarleton) Barker

Marriage: Dorothy Jo (Gideon) Barker (January 12, 1945-1981, her death)

Education: Drury College, B.A., 1947

Military service: US Naval Reserves, 1943-1945

Other Facts

Ended each episode of the “The Price is Right” with the line, “Help control the pet population. Have your pets spayed or neutered.”

Winner of 19 Daytime Emmy Awards. Also received an Emmy Award for Lifetime Achievement in 1999 and was inducted into the Television Academy’s Hall of Fame in 2004.

Barker contributed $5 million to the Sea Shepherd Conservation Society, a marine wildlife and environmental protection group, to help end international whaling. The society named a ship in their fleet the “Bob Barker.”

Has donated $3.1 million to his alma mater Drury University.


1950-1956 – Host of radio program “The Bob Barker Show.”

1956-1975Host of game show “Truth or Consequences” on NBC.

1966-1987Host of the “Miss Universe” and “Miss USA Beauty Pageants.” Resigns after pageant officials refuse to stop giving fur coats as awards.

1969-1988Emcees the New Year’s Day “Tournament of Roses Parade.”

September 4, 1972 – Premiere of “The Price Is Right” on CBS with Barker as host.

1972-2007 – Host of “The Price Is Right.”

1994 – Dian Parkinson, a former model on “The Price is Right,” sues Barker for sexual harassment. Barker admits to an affair with Parkinson, but says it was consensual. The lawsuit is dropped in 1995.

1995 Founds the DJ&T Foundation to help fund low-cost pet neutering. The foundation is named after his wife, Dorothy Jo and his mother, nicknamed Tilly.

1996Wins an MTV Movie Award for “best fight scene” for his cameo appearance and brawl with Adam Sandler in “Happy Gilmore.”

March 11, 1998 – “Stage 33” at CBS Television City in Los Angeles is renamed “Bob Barker Studio” after the 5,000th episode of “The Price Is Right.”

1999 – Wins an Emmy Award for Lifetime Achievement.

2002 Suffers a stroke and undergoes prostate surgery.

April 26, 2002Breaks Johnny Carson’s record for continuous performances on the same network television show, with 29 years, seven months and 22 days.

June 26, 2004 – Is inducted into the Television Academy Hall of Fame.

October 31, 2006Announces his upcoming retirement for June 2007.

March 20, 2007 – The LA Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals honors Barker with their President’s Award.

May 17, 2007 – “Bob Barker: A Celebration of 50 Years on Television,” a tribute to his 50-year career, 35 of which were on “The Price Is Right,” airs on CBS.

June 15, 2007 – Barker’s last episode as host of “The Price is Right” airs.

November 14, 2007 – Is inducted into the National Association of Broadcasters Hall of Fame.

April 6, 2009 – Hachette/Center Street publishes Barker’s first memoir “Priceless Memories.”

March 10, 2010 – A ribbon cutting ceremony is held in Los Angeles for the opening of a new office for People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA). The building is named for Barker, who donated $2.5 million to PETA to purchase and renovate the property.

November 2, 2011 – Barker urges the passage of the Traveling Exotic Animal Protection Act. He states that traveling circuses rely on animals that are trained to do tricks and this is accomplished with acts of cruelty.

December 12, 2013 – Returns to “The Price is Right” to celebrate his 90th birthday.