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Billie Jean King Fast Facts

CNN Editorial Research

Here is a look at the life of tennis champion and LGBTQ advocate and activist Billie Jean King.

Personal

Birth date: November 22, 1943

Birth place: Long Beach, California

Birth name: Billie Jean Moffitt

Father: Willard J. Moffitt, engineer for a fire department

Mother: Betty Moffitt, an Avon sales representative

Marriage: Larry King (September 17, 1965-1987, divorced)

Education: Attended Los Angeles State College (now California State University, Los Angeles), 1961-1964

Other Facts

She has won 39 Grand Slam championships overall in singles, doubles, and mixed doubles, including 12 Grand Slam singles titles.

She is the founder and first president of the Women’s Tennis Association (WTA).

Threatened to boycott the 1973 US Open if equal prize money was not awarded. The fight she started for equal pay in the Grand Slams took 34 years to reach fruition when Wimbledon became the last of the four to fall into line in 2007.

She remained friends with “Battle of the Sexes” opponent Bobby Riggs off the court until his death in 1995 of prostate cancer.

READ MORE: What you should know about tennis champ Billie Jean King

Timeline

1959 – Makes her tennis debut.

1961 – Wins her first Wimbledon title, in doubles with Karen Hautze.

1966 – Wins her first Wimbledon singles title.

1966-1968, 1972, 1973, 1975 – Wimbledon singles champion.

1967, 1971-1972, 1974 – US Open singles champion.

1968 – Australian Open singles champion.

1972 – French Open singles champion.

1971 – Becomes the first female athlete to win $100,000 in a single year.

1972 – Wins the US Open and threatens to bow out the following year if the prize money for the men and women were not equal.

1973 – The US Open becomes the first major tournament to award equal prize money to men and women.

June 30, 1973 – Establishes the Women’s Tennis Association (WTA).

September 20, 1973 – At 29, wins the “Battle of the Sexes” match in straight sets, 6-4, 6-3, 6-3, at the Houston Astrodome against 55-year-old Riggs. King earns the $100,000 winner-take-all prize.

1973-1975, 1980-1981 – President, Women’s Tennis Association (WTA).

1974 – Is a founding partner, along with her husband Larry, of World Team Tennis, a competitive co-ed circuit league. She also helps establish the Women’s Sports Foundation.

May 2, 1981 – Acknowledges that she is a lesbian after Marilyn Barnett files a palimony lawsuit against her. She becomes one of the first professional athletes to publicly disclose her homosexuality.

1984 – Retires from professional tennis.

2006 – The United States Tennis Association (USTA) National Tennis Center in Flushing, New York, is rededicated as the USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Center. The Center is the home of the US Open.

August 12, 2009 – Receives the Presidential Medal of Freedom.

December 17, 2013 – Is named to the US delegation for the opening ceremony at the 2014 Winter Olympics in Russia by President Barack Obama. She later withdraws due to her mother’s illness.

2014 – Establishes the non-profit, Billie Jean King Leadership Initiative.

February 15, 2014 – King is named as part of the presidential delegation to the closing ceremony of the Winter Olympics in Russia, after having to withdraw from the opening ceremonies.

September 22, 2017 – The film “Battle of the Sexes,” opens. The film is about King’s 1973 tennis match victory over Riggs.

January 12, 2018 – Calls for the Australian Open’s Margaret Court Arena to be renamed because of the Melbourne Park champion’s views on homosexuality. At a media conference King states, “I was fine until she said lately so many derogatory things about my community. I’m a gay woman … that really went deep in my heart and soul.”

September 21, 2019 – The City of Long Beach opens the Billie Jean King Main Library. The building is located in the new $533 million Civic Center. The City Council voted unanimously in July to name the building after the famous native.

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CNN-National & Wolrd

Loretta Lynn Fast Facts

CNN Editorial Research

Here is a look at the life of Grammy Award-winning country singer Loretta Lynn.

Personal

Birth date: April 14, 1932 (some sources say 1935)

Birth place: Butcher Holler, Kentucky

Birth name: Loretta Webb

Father: Melvin Webb, coal miner

Mother: Clara (Ramey) Webb

Marriage: Oliver Lynn (1948-1996, his death)

Children: Patsy, Peggy, Cissie, Ernest Ray, Jack Benny and Betty Sue

Other Facts

Her first guitar was a gift from her husband.

Drove with her husband around the country visiting radio stations to promote her first record.

Sister is singer Crystal Gayle.

Nominated for 18 Grammy Awards and won three. Also received a Lifetime Achievement Award.

Timeline

1960 – Signs a contract with Zero Records after being spotted on a televised talent contest.

1962 – Becomes a member of the Grand Ole Opry.

1967, 1972, 1973 – Receives the Country Music Association’s award for female vocalist of the year.

1971 – Wins a Grammy, with Conway Twitty, for Best Country Vocal Performance By A Duo Or Group for the song “After The Fire Is Gone.”

1972 – Is the first woman to be named entertainer of the year by the Country Music Association.

1972, 1973, 1974, 1975 – Conway Twitty and Lynn win the Country Music Association’s vocal duo of the year award.

1976 – Her autobiography, “Coal Miner’s Daughter,” is published.

1980 – “Coal Miner’s Daughter” is made into a film starring Sissy Spacek.

1988 – Is inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame.

1996 – Her husband, Oliver, passes away.

2003 – Is a Kennedy Center honoree.

2004 – Wins a Grammy, with Jack White, for Best Country Collaboration With Vocals, for the song “Portland, Oregon.” Wins a second Grammy for Best Country Album for “Van Lear Rose.”

2010 – Receives a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award.

2013 – Is presented with a Presidential Medal of Freedom.

March 4, 2016 – Lynn releases “Full Circle,” her first studio album in 12 years. The documentary “American Masters – Loretta Lynn: Still a Mountain Girl” also premieres on PBS.

May 4, 2017 – Lynn is hospitalized after suffering a stroke at her home in Hurricane Mills, Tennessee.

January 2018 – Breaks hip in a fall at her home.

April 2020 – Her book, “Me & Patsy Kickin’ Up Dust: My Friendship with Patsy Cline,” written with her daughter Patsy Lynn Russell, is published.

October 20, 2020 – A statue of Lynn is unveiled on the Ryman Auditorium Icon Walk in Nashville.

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CNN-National & Wolrd

Woody Allen Fast Facts

CNN Editorial Research

Here’s a look at the life of Oscar-winning filmmaker Woody Allen.

Personal

Birth date: December 1, 1935

Birth name: Allan Stewart Konigsberg

Birth place: Brooklyn, New York

Father: Martin Konigsberg, worked various jobs

Mother: Nettie (Cherry) Konigsberg, bookkeeper

Marriages: Soon-Yi Previn (December 22, 1997-present), Louise Lasser (divorced), Harlene Rosen (divorced)

Children: daughters adopted with Soon-Yi Previn: Manzie Tio Allen (2000), Bechet Dumaine Allen (1998); with Mia Farrow: Satchel Farrow (1987, now goes by Ronan), Dylan O’Sullivan Farrow (1985, adopted daughter), Moses Farrow (1978, adopted)

Education: Attended New York University and City College of New York.

Other Facts

He legally changed his name at 17 to Heywood Allen.

Allen has worked as a comedy writer, stand-up comic, screenwriter, actor, playwright, musician and director.

He has 24 Oscar nominations and four wins: 16 for writing, with three wins; seven for directing, with one win; and one nomination for acting.

Allen has one Emmy nomination for writing.

Allen has appeared in dozens of the movies he’s directed, and claims to have never watched his films once they are released.

Although Allen is best known for comedies, he has explored different genres including dramas (“Interiors”), thrillers (“Match Point”) and musicals (“Everyone Says I Love You”).

Most of his movies have been filmed in and around New York.

He plays the jazz clarinet and piano.

Timeline

1950-1960 Comedy writer.

1961-1964 A standup comic.

July 1964 Releases his first comedy album, “Woody Allen.”

June 22, 1965 – The first movie he wrote and performed in, “What’s New Pussycat?” is released.

November 17, 1966 “Don’t Drink the Water,” Allen’s first play, opens on Broadway.

February 12, 1969-March 14, 1970 – “Play It Again, Sam,” his second play, runs on Broadway with Allen in the lead. In 1972, he reprises his role in the movie adaptation.

1978 – “Annie Hall” wins four Academy Awards: Best Picture, Best Director, Best Screenplay Written for the Screen and Best Actress. Allen earns two of the four Oscars as writer and director. He is also nominated for Best Actor, but does not win.

1987 Wins the Academy Award for Best Screenplay Written Directly for the Screen for “Hannah and Her Sisters.” He is also nominated for Best Director for the same film.

1992 His twelve-year relationship with actress Mia Farrow ends when she discovers his affair with her adopted daughter, Soon-Yi Previn. Subsequently, allegations of sexual molestation are made by their adopted daughter, Dylan, 7. A two-year custody battle for their three children Satchel, Dylan and Moses ensues, which Farrow wins.

April 1998 The documentary, “Wild Man Blues,” is released, showcasing Allen’s love for the jazz clarinet and his association with the Eddy Davis New Orleans Jazz Band.

2002 – Makes his only appearance at an Academy Awards ceremony. He appeals for the continued use of New York as a setting for movies after September 11, 2001.

2012 – Wins an Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay for “Midnight in Paris.”

February 1, 2014 – An open letter written by Dylan Farrow is published in the New York Times, recounting her allegation that Allen sexually assaulted her when she was a child. A representative for Allen releases a statement the next day, denying the charges.

February 7, 2014 – Allen responds in an op-ed column released by The New York Times. He says the allegations are untrue and rooted in his acrimonious breakup with Mia Farrow.

September 30, 2016 – Allen’s first video streaming series, “Crisis in Six Scenes” debuts on Amazon.com.

January 2018 – Several actors who appeared in Allen’s latest film, “A Rainy Day in New York,” announce they will be donating their salaries to charity amid questions about longstanding sexual abuse claims against Allen. The movie has yet to be released.

September 16, 2018 – In a New York magazine profile, Soon-Yi Previn defends Allen against allegations of molestation.

February 7, 2019 – Allen and his production company file a lawsuit against Amazon claiming the company backed out of a $68 million four-picture deal.

November 8, 2019 – Allen and his production company reach a settlement with Amazon in a breach of contract lawsuit.

March 23, 2020 – Allen’s memoir “Apropos of Nothing” is published by Arcade Publishing. Grand Central Publishing, a division of Hachette Book Group, originally acquired the rights to the book but canceled their plans to publish it after employees walked out in protest.

February 21, 2021 –Allen v. Farrow,” a four-part HBO docuseries that examines Allen’s relationship with Farrow and sexual-assault allegations by their daughter Dylan premieres.

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CNN-National & Wolrd

Stanley Cup Fast Facts

CNN Editorial Research

Here is a look at the Stanley Cup, the annual championship of the National Hockey League.

September 28, 2020 The Tampa Bay Lightning defeat the Dallas Stars 2-0 in Game 6 of the Stanley Cup Final.

The Stanley Cup Playoffs were scheduled to begin April 8, 2020, but were postponed due to the coronavirus pandemic. The round-robin tournament plan the NHL laid out in May began August 1, 2020 with the winners from the qualifying rounds.

June 12, 2019 – The St. Louis Blues win their first Stanley Cup in their 52-year history after defeating the Boston Bruins 4-1 in Game 7.

Other Facts

In the traditional structure of the playoffs, 16 teams play in an elimination tournament. The top three teams in each of the four NHL divisions are the first 12 teams in the playoffs, and the next four spots go to the remaining top two teams in each conference, as wild cards. All playoff rounds are the best of seven games.

The Montreal Canadiens have won the Stanley Cup a record 24 times.

Since 1893, there have been only two years without a Stanley Cup winner: 1919 and 2005.

The Cup

The trophy is named after Lord Stanley of Preston, a Canadian governor general appointed by Queen Victoria. Lord Stanley promoted amateur hockey competitions in Canada during the 19th century.

In 1892, he donated a trophy that was unveiled during a dinner honoring the Ottawa Hockey Club.

The trophy was originally called the Dominion Hockey Challenge Cup.

The names of every player on the winning team are etched onto a tier of the trophy.

Since 1995, members of winning teams take turns holding on to the cup. Chaperones, including the Hockey Hall of Fame curator, keep watch over the trophy during its tour.

In its travels over the years, the cup has been forgotten on the side of the road and kicked into a canal. In 2017, the son of Pittsburgh Penguins forward Josh Archibald was baptized in the cup. It was not the first Stanley Cup baptism.

Timeline

1893 – The Montreal Hockey Club from the Montreal Amateur Athletic Association wins the first Stanley Cup.

1900s-1910s – As amateur clubs give way to professional teams, the National Hockey Association, a precursor to the NHL, begins overseeing a series of championship games. NHA teams compete against teams affiliated with the Pacific Coast Hockey Association and the winner of the series gets the Stanley Cup. American teams start participating in the tournament.

1917 – The National Hockey League is formed, and the Seattle Metropolitans become the first US team to win the cup.

1919 – The Stanley Cup finals are canceled because of the Spanish flu pandemic.

1963 – A redesigned cup is introduced, built to be sturdier than the original.

1993 – A replica is produced to be displayed in the Hockey Hall of Fame in Toronto.

2005 – The NHL season and subsequent Stanley Cup finals are canceled over a labor dispute. The lockout ends when the NHL and the NHL Players’ Association finalize a six-year collective bargaining agreement.

March 12, 2020 – The coronavirus pandemic cuts the 2019-2020 regular season short after the NHL announces all remaining games are indefinitely postponed.

May 26, 2020 – The NHL releases its “Return to Play Plan,” which details how league play will resume – “24 teams in 2 ‘hub’ cities will compete in seeding round robins, a qualifying round and conference-based Stanley Cup Playoffs.”

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CNN-National & Wolrd

Tony Bennett Fast Facts

CNN Editorial Research

Here’s a look at the life of Grammy-winning singer Tony Bennett, famous for his signature song “I Left my Heart in San Francisco.”

Personal

Birth date: August 3, 1926

Birth place: Queens, New York

Birth name: Anthony Dominick Benedetto

Father: John Benedetto, grocer

Mother: Anna (Suraci) Benedetto, garment worker

Marriages: Susan (Crow) Benedetto (2007-present); Sandra (Grant) Benedetto (1971-2007, divorced); Patricia (Beech) Benedetto (1952-1971, divorced)

Children: with Sandra (Grant) Benedetto: Antonia, 1974; Joanna, 1969; with Patricia (Beech) Benedetto: Daegal, 1955; D’Andrea “Danny,” 1954

Military: US Army, 1944-1946

Other Facts

Nominated for 36 Grammy Awards and won 18, plus received a Lifetime Achievement Award.

Nominated for four Primetime Emmy Awards and won two.

During World War II, Bennett fought in France and Germany and participated in the liberation of a concentration camp. These experiences led Bennett to become a pacifist and anti-war activist.

Suffered from a drug problem in the 1970s.

Is an accomplished painter with artworks on permanent display at the Smithsonian in Washington, DC.

His career is managed by his son, Danny, whom Bennett credits with stabilizing his finances and revitalizing his career.

Timeline

1949 – He performs with entertainer Pearl Bailey at a New York City club and is discovered by Bob Hope. Hope suggests that he adopt the stage name Tony Bennett.

1950 – Signs with Columbia Records. Has a string of hits including chart-toppers “Because of You” and “Rags to Riches” in the early to mid-1950s.

1963 – Wins Grammys for Record of the Year and Best Solo Vocal Performance, Male for song “I Left my Heart in San Francisco.”

March 1965 – Bennett marches with Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. in the Selma to Montgomery March for voting rights.

1970sBennett’s popularity wanes and he is without a recording contract. He also battles drug and financial problems including a large debt owed to the IRS. His son, Danny, takes over as his manager.

1986 – Bennett re-signs with Columbia Records and begins to revitalize his career. Throughout the 1980s and early 1990s, he finds a new audience of young people and appears on shows such as Late Night with David Letterman and The Simpsons.

1993 – Wins a Grammy for Best Traditional Pop Vocal Performance for the album, “Perfectly Frank.”

1993 – Appears on stage with the Red Hot Chili Peppers at the MTV Video Music Awards.

1994 – Wins a Grammy for Best Traditional Pop Vocal Performance for the album, “Steppin’ Out.”

1995 – Wins Grammys for Best Traditional Pop Vocal Performance and Album of the Year for the album, “MTV Unplugged.”

1996 – Wins an Emmy award for Outstanding Performance for a Variety or Musical Program for “Tony Bennett Live by Request: A Valentine Special.”

1997 – Wins a Grammy for Best Traditional Pop Vocal Performance for the album, “Here’s to the Ladies.”

1998 – Wins a Grammy for Best Traditional Pop Vocal Performance for the album, “Tony Bennett on Holiday.”

1999 – Bennett and Susan Crow, establish Exploring the Arts, a foundation which works with 17 schools in New York City and Los Angeles. Their mission is “to strengthen the role of the arts in public high school education.”

2000 – Wins a Grammy for Best Traditional Pop Vocal Performance for the album, “Bennett Sings Ellington – Hot & Cool.”

February 21, 2001 – Is presented with the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award.

2001 – Is commissioned by the United Nations to create a painting for its 50th Anniversary.

2003 – Wins a Grammy for Best Traditional Pop Vocal Album for “Playin’ With My Friends – Bennett Sings the Blues.”

2004 – Bennett and k.d. lang win a Grammy for Best Traditional Pop Vocal Album for “A Wonderful World.”

2005 – Bennett is a Kennedy Center Honoree.

2006 – Wins a Grammy for Best Traditional Pop Vocal Album for “The Art of Romance.”

2007 – Wins a Grammy for Best Traditional Pop Vocal Album for “Duets: An American Classic” and a Grammy along with Stevie Wonder for Best Pop Collaboration with Vocals for song “For Once in My Life.”

2007 – Wins an Emmy award for Outstanding Individual Performance In A Variety Or Music Program for “Tony Bennett: An American Classic.”

2011 – Bennett’s album, “Duets II,” hits number one on the Billboard 200 chart, making him the oldest living artist to achieve that feat.

2012 – Wins a Grammy for Best Traditional Pop Vocal Album for “Duets II” and a Grammy along with the late Amy Winehouse for Best Pop Duo/Group Performance for “Body and Soul.”

2015 – Wins a Grammy for Best Traditional Pop Vocal Album for “Cheek to Cheek” with Lady Gaga.

February 15, 2016 – Wins a Grammy Award for Best Traditional Pop Vocal Album for “The Silver Lining: The Songs of Jerome Kern.”

December 20, 2016 – “Tony Bennett Celebrates 90: The Best Is Yet to Come” airs on NBC. The special includes performances by Lady Gaga, Bob Dylan, Madonna, Elton John, Rufus Wainwright, Billy Joel and others.

February 1, 2021 – In an AARP magazine exclusive, Bennett’s family reveals that he began showing symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease in 2015 and was diagnosed in 2016.