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Google Fast Facts

CNN Editorial Research

Here’s a look at Google, Inc.

Facts

The name Google is a play on the word “googol,” a mathematical term referring to a 1 followed by 100 zeros (represented as 1 x 10100).

Alphabet, Inc., Google’s parent company, employed almost 127,500 people as of June 30, 2020.

Statistics from October 2020 show that Google owns about 88% of the world market share of search engines.

Is one of many sites currently blocked in China.

Timeline

1995 – Founders Larry Page and Sergey Brin meet at Stanford.

1996 – Page and Brin collaborate on a search engine called BackRub. It exists solely on Stanford’s servers and eventually outgrows its space.

September 15, 1997 – Google.com is registered as a domain.

August 1998 – Andy Bechtolsteim, co-founder of Sun Microsystems, becomes the first investor in Google, Inc.

September 4, 1998 – Google, Inc. files for incorporation with its headquarters in friend and current YouTube CEO Susan Wojcicki’s garage in Menlo Park.

February 1999 – Google gets its first real office in Palo Alto, California. Later in the year they move to Mountain View, California.

May 2000 – Launches web searches in ten new languages.

March 2001 – Eric Schmidt joins the company as chairman of the board of directors

July 2001 – Google Images launches with 250 million searchable images.

August 2001 – Schmidt becomes CEO, while Page becomes President of Products and Brin becomes President of Technology.

September 2002 – Google News launches with 4,000 news sources.

February 2003 – Acquires Pyra Labs, creators of Blogger.

December 2003 – Google Books launches.

March 2004 – The headquarters moves into the Googleplex.

April 1, 2004 – Gmail launches on April Fools’ Day despite it being a real email service.

July 2004 – Acquires Picasa, an online photo arranger, from Idealab.

August 19, 2004 – Conducts an initial public offering on NASDAQ. The offering raises about $1.2 billion for the company.

October 2004 – Google Scholar, a service that allows user to search scholarly literature, launches with The University of Michigan, Stanford, Harvard and Oxford universities, as well as the New York Public Library behind it.

February 2005 – Google Maps launches.

June 2005 – Google Earth launches, allowing users to view satellite imagery of any place in the world.

August 2005 – Google Talk launches, becoming Google’s first instant messenger.

October 2006 – Acquires YouTube for $1.65 billion and launches Google Docs, an online application for creating documents.

November 2007 – Launches Android OS, an open source mobile device platform.

September 2008 – The G1, the first Android phone, is unveiled by T-Mobile.

September 2, 2008 – Google Chrome, a web browser, launches.

March 2009 – Google Voice launches. It gives you a phone number which you can set to ring any phone in the United States.

October 2009 – Google Maps Navigation launches allowing turn-by-turn GPS navigation.

April 4, 2011 – Page resumes CEO title after 10 years away, while Schmidt becomes executive chairman.

April 4, 2012 – Unveils Project Glass, an initiative to develop a wearable device. The device later debuts as Google Glass.

July 2013 – Releases Chromecast, a device that connects to your TV and allows sites like Netflix to be shown from phones, tablets and computers.

March 18, 2014 – Announces Android Wear, an initiative to bring Android technology to smartwatches.

January 19, 2015 – Withdraws Google Glass from the marketplace.

August 10, 2015 – Announces a corporate restructuring, forming an umbrella company called Alphabet and naming Sundar Pichai as the new CEO to the core business of Google. Co-founders Page and Brin will run Alphabet, with Page as CEO and Brin as president.

October 2, 2015 – Announces that its restructuring will happen at the end of the day. Alphabet will become the parent company of separate, smaller companies, one of which is Google.

October 31, 2017 – Representatives from Google, Facebook and Twitter testify before the Senate Judiciary Subcommittee on Crime and Terrorism as legislators continue to probe Russian meddling in the 2016 election.

June 27, 2017 – Is fined $2.7 billion for breaching European Union antitrust rules. The European Commission found that the tech giant denied “consumers a genuine choice” by using its search engine to unfairly steer them to its own shopping platform.

October 9, 2017 – The Washington Post reports that Google has found evidence of Russian accounts that purchased tens of thousands of dollars in advertisements in order to interfere with the 2016 election.

December 21, 2017 – The company announces that Schmidt is stepping aside as executive chairman of Alphabet. He will remain on the board and continue to serve as a technical adviser.

July 18, 2018 – Is ordered by the European Commission to pay €4.34 billion ($5 billion) for unfairly pushing its apps on smartphone users and thwarting competitors. In addition to the fine, Google is ordered to stop the practices within 90 days or face additional penalties.

March 20, 2019 – The European Commission orders Google to pay €1.5 billion ($1.7 billion) for abusing its dominant position in online search advertising. The Commission found that Google blocked its rivals from placing advertisements on third party websites by imposing exclusivity clauses in AdSense contracts.

September 4, 2019 – The Federal Trade Commission announces that Google has agreed to pay a record $170 million penalty to settle accusations that YouTube broke the law when it knowingly tracked and sold ads targeted to children.

September 6, 2019 – Google’s parent company, Alphabet, says in a notice to investors that on August 30 it received a mandatory request from the Justice Department for information and documents concerning the company’s prior antitrust investigations. The disclosure marks the first public acknowledgment by Google and its parent that they are directly involved with the DOJ’s review of the biggest players in Silicon Valley, which was announced in July.

September 9, 2019 – A group of 50 attorneys general from 48 states, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico unveil a major antitrust investigation of Google. The probe will focus on whether Google (GOOG) has harmed competition and consumers, looking at least initially into the company’s conduct in its search, advertising and other businesses.

November 11, 2019 – The US Supreme Court agrees to take up a major copyright case against Google. The justices will consider a lower court ruling that said Google violated copyright laws when it used Oracle’s open-source Java software to build the Android platform.

December 3, 2019 – Alphabet announces that Page and Brin are stepping down as CEO and president, respectively. The co-founders will continue to serve on Alphabet’s board of directors.

July 29, 2020 – Pichai, Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos, Apple CEO Tim Cook and Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg all testify before a House subcommittee on antitrust to address concerns that their businesses may be harming competition.

October 20, 2020 – The DOJ sues Google, alleging the tech company has stifled competition in order to maintain its leading position in the marketplace. Eleven states have joined the lawsuit in what is the largest antitrust case against a tech company in more than two decades.

December 16, 2020 Ten states sue Google, alleging anti-competitive practices in the advertising technology industry.

December 17, 2020 As many as 38 state attorneys general file a lawsuit against Google. The suit alleges that the company has operated an illegal monopoly in the markets for online search and search advertising.

January 4, 2021 According to a press release, hundreds of employees at Google and Alphabet have launched a union. The Alphabet Workers’ Union will be run by employees and open both to full-time workers and contractors.

April 5, 2021 – The US Supreme Court rules in favor of Google in the fair use case against Oracle. In its 6-2 decision, the court holds that Google using “only those lines of code that were needed” to build its Android operating system “was a fair use of that material as a matter of law.”

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CNN-National & Wolrd

William Shatner Fast Facts

CNN Editorial Research

Here is a look at the life of award-winning actor William Shatner.

Personal

Birth date: March 22, 1931

Birth place: Montreal, Quebec, Canada

Birth name: William Shatner

Father: Joseph Shatner, business owner

Mother: Ann Shatner

Marriages: Elizabeth (Anderson Martin) Shatner (February 13, 2001-March 3, 2020, divorced); Nerine Kidd (November 15, 1997-August 9, 1999, her death); Marcy Lafferty (October 20, 1973-1996, divorced); Gloria Rand (1956-1969, divorced)

Children: with Gloria Rand: Melanie Ann, Lisabeth Mary and Leslie Carol

Education: McGill University, B.A., Business, 1952

Other Facts

Nominated for seven Emmy Awards and has won two. Was also inducted into the Television Academy Hall of Fame.

His family is of Ukrainian-Jewish descent.

In the shows “The Practice” and “Boston Legal,” he plays the same character, Denny Crane.

His character, Capt. James T. Kirk, appears in ten of the 13 Star Trek franchise films. Shatner portrays Kirk in the first seven.

He breeds and owns champion horses.

Timeline

1954 – Joins the Stratford Shakespeare Festival in Ontario.

January 1956 – Makes his Broadway debut in “Tamburlaine the Great.”

1958 – “The Brothers Karamazov” premieres, his first major film role.

1963 – Appears in “The Twilight Zone” episode “Nightmare at 20,000 Feet.”

1966-1969 – Appears in the lead role of Captain James Tiberius Kirk in “Star Trek.”

November 22, 1968 – The “Star Trek” episode “Plato’s Stepchildren” airs. It is the first interracial kiss shown on television, when Capt. Kirk is forced to kiss Lt. Uhura.

1979 – Stars in “Star Trek: The Motion Picture.”

1982-1986 – Stars in the police series “T.J. Hooker.”

1989 – Stars in and directs “Star Trek V: The Final Frontier.”

1997-2004 – Stars in the legal drama series “The Practice.”

2004 – Wins the Emmy for Outstanding Guest Actor in a Drama series for “The Practice.”

2004-2008 – Co-stars in “Boston Legal.”

2005 – Wins the Emmy for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Drama Series for “Boston Legal.”

December 14, 2006 – Is inducted into the Academy of Television Arts and Sciences Hall of Fame.

2011-present – Performs his one-man show “Shatner’s World: We Just Live In It.”

2016 – Stars in the NBC reality TV series, “Better Late than Never,” with Terry Bradshaw, George Foreman, and Henry Winkler. The show is about a group of celebrities who travel across Asia with a young guide, comedian Jeff Dye.

March 25, 2016 – Is sued by Peter Sloan for libel and slander. Sloan says that Shatner is his biological father, a claim which Shatner denies. The case is dismissed in June 2018.

Categories
CNN-National & Wolrd

Quincy Jones Fast Facts

CNN Editorial Research

Here is a look at the life of musician, music producer and philanthropist, Quincy Jones.

Personal

Birth date: March 14, 1933

Birth place: Chicago, Illinois

Birth name: Quincy Delight Jones Jr.

Father: Quincy Delight Jones Sr., a carpenter.

Mother: Sarah Frances (Wells) Jones

Marriages: Peggy Lipton (1974-1990); Ulla Andersson (1967-1974); Jeri Caldwell (1957-1966)

Children: with Nastassja Kinski: Kenya; with Peggy Lipton: Rashida and Kidada; with Ulla Andersson: Quincy III and Martina; with Carol Reynolds: Rachel; with Jeri Caldwell: Jolie

Other Facts

Jones and his brother, Lloyd, were raised by their father and stepmother, Elvera, in Seattle and Bremerton, Washington. Their mother had been institutionalized in Chicago when they were very young.

An automobile accident at age 14, where Jones saw four of his friends killed, left him so traumatized that he has never driven a car.

Met Ray Charles when they were both teenagers starting out in the music industry. Jones arranged and produced for Charles, and later Charles performed on Jones’ albums. They remained friends until Charles’ death in 2004.

As an arranger in the 1950s, Jones worked with music industry legends such as Count Basie, Tommy Dorsey, Duke Ellington, Ella Fitzgerald, Lionel Hampton and Frank Sinatra.

As a music producer for more than 60 years, he has worked with Miles Davis, Celine Dion, Aretha Franklin, Lesley Gore, Jennifer Holliday, Michael Jackson, Barbra Streisand, Barry White and many more.

Jones has 80 Grammy Award nominations and 28 wins, including a Grammy Legend Award. He has seven Oscar nominations and received the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award. He also has received four Emmy nominations, winning one.

Has scored over 30 movies and written the theme for television shows, documentaries and shorts.

Timeline

Mid-1940s – Sings and plays trumpet with a gospel quartet.

1951 – Jones’ trumpet playing wins him a scholarship to the prestigious Schillinger House in Boston (now the Berklee College of Music). He leaves when the opportunity arises to join the Lionel Hampton Band.

1956 – Joins the Dizzy Gillespie band as trumpeter and musical director.

1957 – Moves to Paris to study and begins working for Barclay Disques, publishing music.

1961 – Jones is hired as a musical director for Mercury Records and a few months later advances to vice president.

1963 – Earns his first Grammy Award, Best Instrumental Arrangement for “I Can’t Stop Loving You.”

1963 – Produces “It’s My Party” for Lesley Gore on Mercury Records, his first pop single to reach number one.

August 1974 – Suffers a brain aneurysm, which forces him to stop playing the trumpet.

1977 – Wins an Emmy for Outstanding Achievement in Music Composition for a Series (Dramatic Underscore) for the film “Roots.”

1982 – Produces Jackson’s album, “Thriller.”

1985 – Conductor and producer for “We Are the World,” the song recorded to raise money for famine relief in Ethiopia. Producer and music composer for the film “The Color Purple.”

1991 – Receives the Grammy Legend Award.

1991-1993 – Co-produces the Montreux Jazz Festival. His association with the festival continues to present day.

1993 – Launches “Vibe” magazine.

1994-1999 – Chairman and CEO of Qwest Broadcasting, a minority-controlled television broadcasting company.

1995 – Receives the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award from the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences.

March 1996 – Executive Producer of the 68th Annual Academy Awards ceremony.

October 1, 2001 – Simon & Schuster publishes his autobiography, “Q: The Autobiography of Quincy Jones.”

2001 – Kennedy Center Honoree.

2008 – Publishes the book “The Complete Quincy Jones: My Journey & Passions.”

April 18, 2013 – Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inductee.

July 11, 2017 – Jones’ 2013 lawsuit against Jackson’s estate goes to trial. Jones claims he is owed $30 million in unpaid royalties.

July 26, 2017 – Jones wins $9.42 million in damages in his lawsuit against Jackson’s estate.

February 7, 2018 – In an interview published in Vulture, Jones accuses President Donald Trump of stoking racial tensions in the country.

September 21, 2018 – “Quincy,” a documentary about the life and legacy of Jones, debuts on Netflix. The film, directed by Alan Hicks and Jones’ daughter, Rashida Jones, wins a Grammy award in February 2019 for Best Music Film.

May 5, 2020 – An appellate court overturns a portion of Jones’ 2017 lawsuit against Jackson’s estate. The court rules that contract interpretation was a judicial function and not meant for the jury, which mistakenly awarded Jones $6.9 million. The $2.5 million award for fees stands.

September 20, 2020 – Jones enters into a global publishing agreement with Warner Chappell Music. The deal covers administration of his current and future songwriting catalog. This includes over 2,000 compositions and work by songwriters Brothers Johnson, Siedah Garrett and others under his company.