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CNN-Business

Nestlé to change ‘out of step’ Red Skins and Chicos brands

By Rob Picheta, CNN Business

Nestlé is rebranding its Red Skins and Chicos sweets, saying that their controversial names — which feature offensive racial overtones — are “out of step” with the company’s values.

The products, which are sold in Australia, have prompted complaints for several years.

Allen’s, the Nestlé brand which produces the sweets, said in a statement posted to Facebook on Tuesday that the decision to rename the products was made to avoid marginalizing its friends, neighbors and colleagues.

Red Skins are chewy, raspberry-flavored sweets, and “redskin” is a slur used to describe Native Americans. Chicos are brown, jelly snacks molded in the shape of a person, and “chico” is a Spanish word meaning “boys,” “kids” or “small.”

Allen’s said it had received comments from customers “on the need for change.”

New names for the products have not yet been finalized, according to Allen’s.

Nestlé confirmed in a statement to CNN that, in addition to Red Skins and Chicos, the Swiss food and beverage giant would also rename its Beso de Negra marshmallow treats. The confectionery brand, sold in Colombia, translates as kiss from a black woman.

“A diverse and inclusive culture is the foundation of our strength. Nestlé’s values are rooted in respect, and we have zero tolerance for racism or discrimination of any form,” Nestlé said in the statement.

“As part of this process, we are immediately renaming and redesigning a handful of local brands we have found that use stereotypes or insensitive cultural depictions,” the statement added.

Nestlé said it is carrying out a “full review” of its portfolio of more than 2,000 brands and 25,000 products. “This will identify any required changes to our use of imagery or language,” the company said.

The NFL franchise in Washington, DC is also called the Redskins, which has prompted widespread controversy in the United States for years. The team’s majority owner has long resisted calls to change the name.

Several other food brands, such as Aunt Jemima and Uncle Ben’s, have recently confirmed they will change product names that are now widely understood to be racially offensive. Last week, Eskimo Pie ice cream said it would do the same.

The changes have been prompted by a wave of protests around the world following the killing of George Floyd, an unarmed Black man, and ensuing conversations about the lingering racism in society, culture and marketing.

This story has been updated to reflect the meaning of the candies’ original names.

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CNN-Regional

URGENT – Powerful US attorney in New York stepping down, Barr says

(CNN) — Geoffrey Berman, the US attorney for the Southern District of New York, is resigning, the Justice Department said late Friday. Attorney General William Barr said in a statement that President Donald Trump intends to nominate Jay Clayton, the chairman of the Securities and Exchange Commission, to replace him. Berman’s unexpected exit is likely to draw scrutiny inside the US attorney’s office and among career prosecutors.

Categories
CNN-National & Wolrd

These are the states requiring people to wear masks when out in public

By Allen Kim, Scottie Andrew and James Froio, CNN

More states have mandated the use of masks and face coverings while in public.

After some states lifted some coronavirus restrictions an uptick in cases has led to new restrictions in many states. The number of cases is rising in more than half of them.

That’s where masks come in. A recent study found that the use of masks and face coverings has been the most effective way to reduce person-to-person spread of coronavirus.

Here are the states that require the use of masks or face coverings in public settings.

Alabama

As of July 15:

Gov. Kay Ivey issued an amended Safer at Home order which requires residents to wear a mask or face covering when in public and in close contact with other people. The order was extended through August 31 and it was expanded to include students in second grade and above.

Arkansas

As of July 20:

Gov. Asa Hutchinson announced that beginning on Monday July 20 residents 10 years and older must wear masks when in the presence of non-household members and aren’t able to socially distance. The order is enforceable and offenders can be cited for a misdemeanor or fined.

California

As of June 18:

Gov. Gavin Newsom issued a statewide order requiring the use of face coverings in public indoor spaces including while shopping riding on public transportation or seeking medical care.

Newsom’s order also mandated the use of masks or face coverings in public outdoor spaces when social distancing is not an option. There was no guidance on how the order will be enforced or if violators will face any penalties or citations.

Colorado

As of July 17:

Gov. Jared Polis announced that residents will be required to wear masks when in public indoor spaces and not able to socially distance from others.

Connecticut

As of April 20:

Connecticut’s mask requirement applies to any resident over the age of 2 in a public space where social distancing isn’t possible. The rules also apply to individuals using public transportation taxis or rideshare services.

The state’s Department of Economic and Community Development also released mask guidelines for essential workers:

Employees at essential businesses must wear masks or any other material covering their mouth and nose at all times while at work. Employers must provide masks or the materials to make them. All customers under age 2 must wear them too.

On August 14 Lieutenant Gov. Susan Bysiewicz signed an executive order that requires residents to provide a doctor’s note that shows they are exempt from wearing a mask due to a medical condition.

Delaware

As of April 28:

Gov. John Carney ordered residents to wear face masks while in public including at grocery and convenience stores pharmacies doctor’s offices and on public transportation.

Children under the age of 12 are not required to wear face coverings and those age 2 and under must not wear face masks due to the risk of suffocation.

District of Columbia

As of May 16:

Mayor Muriel Bowser ordered the use of masks or face coverings when conducting essential business or travel and social distancing isn’t possible.

Masks or other face coverings are required in grocery stores pharmacies and takeout restaurants. On public transportation face coverings are required if individuals are unable to be six feet apart.

Children between the ages of 2 and 9 are advised to wear masks.

Hawaii

As of April 20:

Both customers and employees at essential businesses are required to wear cloth face coverings. Establishments must limit the number of customers allowed in and keep them six feet apart.

Anyone who violates those rules could face a fine of up to $5000 or up to a year in prison if found guilty according to Hawaii Gov. David Ige’s order.

Illinois

As of May 1:

Gov. J.B. Pritzker ordered the use of face masks for anyone stepping outside their house.

Face coverings are required while shopping at essential businesses traveling on public transportation picking up food or visiting the doctor and it’s impossible to stay six feet apart.

Indiana

As of July 27:

Gov. Eric Holcomb announced that a statewide mask mandate will go into effect on July 27 due to the increase in the state’s positivity rate and some counties seeing increases in cases.

The mask mandate applies to anyone who is 8 years and older and is required in indoor public spaces commercial entities while using transportation services and outdoors where social distancing isn’t possible.

The mask mandate will remain in effect indefinitely.

Kansas

As of July 3:

An executive order was issued by Gov. Laura Kelly mandating face masks must be worn statewide in public spaces.

Kelly commenting on Facebook Monday wrote “Starting July 3 I will issue an Executive Order requiring marks be worn in indoor public spaces and at any outdoor gathering in which social distancing cannot be maintained. This step will keep Kansans healthy and keep Kansas open for business.”

Kentucky

As of May 11:

Gov. Andy Beshear ordered all state residents to wear face masks in public.

Beshear has said that people will not be fined or arrested for not wearing a mask in public but the order gives businesses the right to turn away any customer not wearing a face covering.

Louisiana

As of July 13:

Gov. John Bel Edwards announced a statewide mask order for everyone 8 years and older.

Parishes in the state can opt out of the mask mandate if they don’t have a high positivity rate but Edwards said only three would qualify to do so right now.

Maine

As of May 1:

Gov. Janet Mills issued an order requiring face coverings or masks for anyone over the age of 2 in indoor public spaces such as supermarkets retail stores pharmacies and doctor’s offices.

Maryland

As of April 18:

Commuters must wear face coverings while using Maryland’s public transit according to Gov. Larry Hogan’s order.

Employees of essential businesses and customers over the age 9 must wear face coverings. Adults accompanying young children should make an effort to get them to wear a mask.

Massachusetts

As of May 6:

Gov. Charlie Baker issued an order requiring the use of face coverings or masks in both indoor and outdoor spaces where social distancing isn’t possible.

Children under the age of 2 do not have to adhere to this order.

Michigan

As of June 18:

Michigan requires all residents to wear face coverings or masks in all public settings.

Businesses are allowed to deny entry to individuals not wearing face coverings.

Minnesota

As of July 25:

Gov. Tim Walz has issued an executive order that requires the use of masks in indoor public places while using public transportation and while outdoors where social distancing isn’t possible. Children under the age of 5 are exempt from the mask mandate.

Montana

As of July 16:

Face coverings are now required in certain indoor business settings for counties with four or more active Covid-19 cases according to a new directive issued by Montana Gov. Steve Bullock (D). Residents attending outdoor gatherings of 50 or more people when social distancing isn’t possible will also require face coverings.

Nevada

As of June 24:

Nevada requires anyone in any public space to wear a mask. Nevada Gov. Steve Sisolak’s office said this includes while using public transportation in public facing work environments while patronizing businesses or interacting with others in any generally publicly accessible space.

“For Nevada to stay safe and stay open we must make face coverings a routine part of our daily life” Sisolak said.

New Hampshire

As of August 11:

New Hampshire Gov. Chris Sununu issued an order requiring masks to be worn at gatherings of more than 100 people. New Hampshire is the only New England state that does not have a statewide mask mandate in public where social distancing cannot be maintained.

New Jersey

As of April 8:

New Jersey was the first state to require customers and employees to wear face coverings at essential businesses and construction sites. Businesses must provide them to employees and deny entry to any customer who refuse to wear them (though customers can still pick up food or medicines in other contact-free ways).

Commuters on New Jersey’s trains buses and light rails must wear face coverings. If they refuse they may be denied entry.

New Mexico

As of May 16:

Adults are required to wear masks in all public settings except while eating drinking exercising or for medical reasons. Masks are recommended for children 3 and older and children 5 and under must have adult supervision.

New York

As of April 17:

Gov. Andrew Cuomo’s executive order mandated state residents to wear masks in public.

All residents over age 2 must wear masks or face coverings when in public and social distancing is impossible.

North Carolina

As of June 26:

Gov. Roy Cooper requires that face coverings be worn whenever people are out and about in public and where physical distancing is not possible. A number of businesses such as restaurants and hair salons also will require both employees and customers wear face masks.

“We need to all work together so we can protect our families and neighbors restore our economy and get people back to work and our children back to school” Cooper said in announcing the requirement.

Ohio

As of July 23:

Gov. Mike DeWine announced during a news briefing that there will be a mask mandate that requires people to cover their nose and mouth when inside public spaces or outside when social distancing is not possible.

Oregon

As of July 1:

Gov. Kate Brown has now required the state’s residents to wear face coverings in all indoor public spaces beginning July 1. Face covering requirements are already mandated in eight counties but this would broaden the mandate to the whole state.

“I do not want to have to close down businesses again like other states are now doing” Brown said in a statement.

“If you want your local shops and restaurants to stay open then wear a face covering when out in public” she added.

Pennsylvania

As of April 19:

Essential businesses must provide and require their employees to wear masks according to the order from Pennsylvania’s Department of Health. Customers at these businesses must wear masks while on the premises or be denied entry.

Puerto Rico

People are required to wear face coverings when in public spaces. Businesses must ensure customers are wearing face coverings.

Rhode Island

As of May 8:

Gov. Gina Raimondo issued an order requiring all residents over the age of 2 to wear face coverings or masks while in public settings whether indoors or outdoors.

Texas

As of July 3:

Gov. Greg Abbott issued an executive order that will require residents in counties with 20 or more active Covid-19 cases to wear face coverings in public. It takes effect midday on July 3.

The order says that failure to comply could be punishable by a fine.

Vermont

As of August 1:

Cloth face coverings are now required in public places — both indoor and outdoor — and in group living settings across the state anytime it’s not possible to keep a 6-foot distance from other people who are not a part of your household.

There are exemptions for people exercising outdoors children under the age of two anyone with a medical or developmental condition that is complicated by a face covering and those with difficulty breathing.

Virginia

As of May 29:

Gov. Ralph Northam instituted a statewide mask mandate that requires residents aged 10 and older to wear a mask when entering or spending time in establishments such as restaurants grocery stores and train stations.

Washington

As of June 26:

Gov. Jay Inslee instituted a mask mandate that requires everyone to wear a mask or face covering in an indoor public space and in outdoor public spaces where social distancing isn’t possible.

West Virginia

As of July 6:

Gov. Jim Justice issued an executive order that he said would require all West Virginians 9 years old and up to wear a face mask anytime they are in public and indoors and where they are unable to maintain six feet of social distancing.

Justice said he issued the order after the state experienced its highest daily total of new cases over the July 4th weekend.

“I know it’s an inconvenience but it’s not going to be much of an inconvenience” Justice said. “If you don’t decide to wear the face covering for yourself if you don’t decide to wear it for one of your loved ones or your friends do it for the 95 West Virginians that have died do it for the 95 people that we’ve lost.”

Wisconsin

As of August 1:

Gov. Tony Evers issued a public health emergency and an emergency order that requires a face covering to be worn when indoors or in an enclosed space and not in a private residence for residents who are 5 and older. The order is set to expire on September 28.

CNN’s Sarah Aarthun, Stephanie Becker, Roxanne Garcia, Shaina Negron, Nakia McNabb, Hollie Silverman, Konstantin Toropin, Shawn Nottingham, Brad Parks, Phil Gast, Kay Jones and George Wehby contributed to this report. Map by Renee Rigdon.

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CNN-Health

4 ways families can ease anxiety together

By Dana Santas, CNN

During these turbulent times, the stress on families is palpable. Parents and children alike are feeling understandably anxious about their futures.

According to the National Institute of Mental Health, anxiety is one of the most prevalent mental health concerns in the United States. And because long-term exposure to stressful events contributes to the risk of developing an anxiety disorder, it’s important to avoid letting anxiety persist unchecked, especially in children.

Thankfully, families can proactively leverage science-backed ways to ease anxiousness and restore a sense of connection and joyfulness at home. When family members spend time together, actively engaged in the anxiety-relieving activities mentioned below, they also strengthen their bonds, create opportunities for open dialogue, increase feelings of joy and generate a sense of consistency, all much-needed benefits during this time of heightened stress and uncertainty.

Here are four ways to get started.

Start a daily gratitude practice

Studies abound on the stress-busting, mood-boosting, and, even, sleep-improving benefits of practicing gratitude. Research shows that people who participate in activities that foster a sense of gratitude experience an immediate increase in feelings of happiness and decrease in negative emotions; however, without consistency, the positive effects dissipate over time.

Families can cultivate a consistent attitude of gratitude by incorporating giving thanks into shared daily routines. This can be accomplished in a variety of ways, like family members verbally expressing something they’re grateful for during family meals or using some form of communal gratitude jar, whiteboard or journal.

In our family, we recently established a shared gratitude chalkboard wall, where we each write one thing we’re grateful for daily. It’s a feel-good activity that not only reminds us of all the positives in our lives, but, as a parent, I find it provides insight into my son’s focus and values, enabling me to relate to him in a more meaningful manner.

Practicing gratitude also offers a means for parents to strengthen their bonds with each other. A 2010 study of couples in committed relationships found that gratitude for everyday gestures increased their relationship connection and satisfaction.

As I mentioned many years ago in a piece I did specifically on everyday gratitude practices, my husband and I keep our own gratitude white board in our master bathroom. Nightly, we each write things we’re grateful for relative to one another.

Break out the crayons and art supplies

There’s a reason child psychologists encourage children to express their feelings through drawings, teachers use coloring activities to conquer pre-test jitters and some dentists use coloring before appointments to ease dental anxiety. The anxiety-busting benefits of artistic expression are undeniable.

You’ve likely witnessed a child’s care-free concentration when coloring, and the pride they exude when showing off their completed works of art. Maybe you remember that relaxed, confidence-building feeling from your own childhood.

But coloring isn’t just for kids!

Over the past decade, emerging research supports art-making’s therapeutic value for people of all ages, showing that it can significantly lower levels of the stress hormone cortisol and has the potential to alleviate anxiousness, facilitate focus, and increase mindfulness.

Although much of the latest research focuses on coloring, therapeutic benefits have been shown with many types of art making, so don’t limit yourself to crayons or colored pencils. Experiment with other mediums—and don’t stress over your artistic ability! It’s about the creative expression, not expertise. Whether you’ve got skills like Rembrandt or can barely draw a stick figure, pick up your preferred art tool and start creating alongside your kids.

Foster fantasy play

Playing pretend is a natural childhood tendency that helps children unwind and release stress. That’s why it’s important to create a home environment that fosters and supports playtime.

“Dramatic play can help children relieve anxiety by allowing them to act-out real-world events in a way that gives them a sense of control, for instance, pretending to take a trip to the hospital, or acting out a trip to the store where everyone wears masks,” says Danielle Sutton, a Tampa, Florida-based, licensed child and family psychologist,

Although younger children may seem more sheltered from the direct impact of current events, they still face anxiety-inducing changes to how they experience the world outside their homes. That includes wearing masks and social distancing, as well as disruptions in their routines and the inability to see friends and family members.

“While symbolic play might just look like simple pretend activity, it is the basis for helping children understand the events of the world around them,” adds Sutton.

Play shouldn’t be reserved for the youngest members of the family. Teens can and should engage in games that spark imagination, like Pictionary or Charades. And playtime shouldn’t always exclude parents, Sutton says. In addition to having family game nights, get down on the floor with your younger kids during playtime and follow their lead.

“While children can and do benefit from engaging in imaginative play on their own,” says Sutton, “play interaction with family members can really deepen the emotional content of the play and support a child’s ability to explore a wide range of feelings.”

Make family fitness a priority

Designating time for family fitness is an effective way to strengthen your family bond while relieving stress and anxiety. And, with the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reporting that obesity rates have tripled for children and quadrupled for adolescents over the last 30 years, it’s important for families to increase opportunities for everyone to get moving.

There are myriad studies on the mental health benefits of regular exercise, but when it comes to specifically dealing with anxiousness, the most effective forms of exercise focus on the mind-body connection. Think yoga, tai chi and qigong.

However, research also shows significant benefits for anxiety and depression with just 15-30 minutes of low-to-moderate aerobic activity. This could be as simple as taking a walk all together or as involved as doing a fun, family workout.

Family fitness doesn’t have to be complicated, but it does need to be consistent. Whether it’s yoga, a walk or a workout, make a commitment and hold all family members accountable to participating several times per week.

With all the uncertainty in the world right now, one thing is certain, families possess profound potential to provide much-needed solace and support.

Dana Santas, known as the “Mobility Maker,” is a certified strength and conditioning specialist and mind-body coach in professional sports, and is the author of the book “Practical Solutions for Back Pain Relief.”

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CNN-National & Wolrd

Derek Chauvin: What we know about the former officer convicted in George Floyd’s death

By Scottie Andrew, CNN

Derek Chauvin worked for the Minneapolis Police Department for more than 18 years.

In the span of nearly a year, he was filmed kneeling on George Floyd‘s neck for more than nine minutes, fired from the police department and convicted of murder and manslaughter in Floyd’s death.

Throughout it all, protesters in Minneapolis and across the country demanded justice for Floyd and accountability for Chauvin.

Here’s what we know about the officer convicted on April 20 in Floyd’s murder.

He had 18 prior complaints against him

Before he knelt on Floyd’s neck, Chauvin was the subject of 18 prior complaints filed with the Minneapolis Police Department’s Internal Affairs.

Police confirmed the complaints were filed but didn’t detail why they were filed or what they entailed.

Only two of the 18 complaints were “closed with discipline,” according to a MPD internal affairs public summary. In both cases, Chauvin received a letter of reprimand.

According to Communities Against Police Brutality, a Minnesota nonprofit that created a database of complaints against officers in the state, Chauvin received oral reprimands for using a “demeaning tone,” “derogatory language” and other language that merited discipline.

Neither the nonprofit database nor the Minneapolis internal affairs public summary include dates or descriptions that incited the complaints.

Former officer Tou Thao, who was also involved in Floyd’s arrest, had six complaints filed with internal affairs, one of which was still open, the summary said. The other five were closed without discipline.

The other two former officers, J. Alexander Kueng and Thomas Lane, had no complaints filed, according to a MPD internal affairs public summary.

He and George Floyd once worked security shifts at the same nightclub

Both men worked security at the El Nuevo Rodeo club, down the street from Minneapolis’ Third Precinct, former club owner Maya Santamaria told CNN.

Floyd worked some Tuesdays as extra security. Chauvin worked as an off-duty police officer for the club for nearly 17 years, Santamaria said.

“I wouldn’t characterize them as knowing each other,” she told CNN’s Josh Campbell in an interview.

But, she added, “We all worked together certain nights and they would have crossed paths.”

Santamaria said she couldn’t believe what she was seeing when she watched footage of the two employees, one under arrest and one face down on the pavement.

“I kept yelling at my phone, telling Chauvin to get off of him. It’s horrible. It’s absolutely beyond words,” she said. “And having known Chauvin, I can’t believe he didn’t have the humanity to listen to this poor man begging for his air and his life.”

His wife had filed to dissolve their marriage

The day after Chauvin’s arrest, an attorney for his wife Kellie filed for a dissolution of marriage.

“This evening, I spoke with Kellie Chauvin and her family. She is devastated by Mr. Floyd’s death and her utmost sympathy lies with his family, with his loved ones and with everyone who is grieving this tragedy. She has filed for dissolution of her marriage to Derek Chauvin,” a statement from Sekula Family Law office read.

“While Ms. Chauvin has no children from her current marriage, she respectfully requests that her children, her elder parents, and her extended family be given safety and privacy during this difficult time.”

The pair owns a townhouse in Windmere, Florida, Orange County property records show. Peaceful protests were held there before Chauvin’s arrest when it was rumored Chauvin had left Minnesota to hole up in Florida. The Orange County Sheriff’s Office said he wasn’t in the home and had no plans to be, and shortly thereafter, he was arrested in Minnesota.

CNN’s Dakin Andone, Hollie Silverman, Melissa Alonso and Alaa Elassar contributed to this report.